American Sovereignty Restoration Act

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The American Sovereignty Restoration Act is a bill that has been introduced by various members of Congress, proposing withdrawal from the United Nations. The most recent iteration is H.R.193,the American Sovereignty Restoration Act of 2017, introduced by Rep. Mike D. Rogers.[1]

History[edit]

The bill was authored by U.S. Representative Ron Paul, Republican of the 14th district of Texas, to effect U.S. withdrawal from the United Nations. It would repeal various laws pertaining to the UN, terminate authorization for funds to be spent on the UN, terminate UN presence on U.S. property, and withdraw diplomatic immunity for UN employees.[2] It would provide up to two years for the U.S. to withdraw.[3] The Yale Law Journal cited the Act as proof that "the United States’s complaints against the United Nations have intensified."[4]

In a letter to Majority Leader Tom DeLay of April 16 2003,[5] and in a speech to Congress on April 29, Paul requested the repeatedly-bottlenecked issue be voted on, because "Americans deserve to know how their representatives stand on the critical issue of American sovereignty."[6] Though he did not foresee passage in the near future, Paul believed a vote would be good for "those who don't want to get out of the United Nations but want to tone down" support; cosponsor Roscoe Bartlett's spokeswoman similarly said Bartlett "would welcome any action that would begin the debate".[5]

It had 54 supporters in the House in its first year.[7] It was referred to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs.

Discussion[edit]

National Review cited the ASRA as an example of grassroots effort "to educate the American people about the efforts of foreign tyrants to disarm them".[8] Supporters approved of its intent to end financial ties to the UN, its peace-keeping missions, and its building in New York City.[9]

On its front page, the Victoria, Texas, Advocate, a newspaper in Paul's district, expressed pride for the Act in the face of what it called several undeclared "United Nations wars".[10]

Tim Wirth, president of the United Nations Foundation, finds the bill contrary to United States interests: "This piece of legislation has been brought by Ron Paul every year over the last 20 years and it never goes anywhere."[5]

A policy review of U.S.-Canada relations describes the Act as reflective of "extreme views" held by a minority, but connected support for the bill among congressional Republicans as part of a broader push among Republicans for President George W. Bush "to be even tougher on immigration policy, border issues, regime change and a host of other issues connected with global governance."[11]

Related activity[edit]

Similar U.S. legislation includes Ron Paul's proposal to end U.S. contributions to the United Nations and affiliated agencies, which had Republican support but failed as an appropriations amendment by a vote of 74-350;[12] and Roscoe Bartlett's proposal to cut a $100 million payment to the UN, based on General Accounting Office claims that the U.S. has overpaid by $3.5 billion (the UN claimed that it was owed $1.3 billion).[13]

The 2002 Republican Party of Texas platform explicitly urged passage of the ASRA; withdrawal from the UN had been on the platform at least since 1998.[14]

Both houses of the Arizona legislature introduced legislation petitioning Congress to pass the ASRA (HCM 2009 in 2004, SCM 1002 in 2006);[15][16] in 2007 similar legislation passed the Arizona Senate (SCM 1002 in 2007), but with the focus changed from the ASRA to Virgil Goode's Congressional resolution not to engage in a NAFTA Superhighway or a North American Union (H.Con.Res. 487, now H.Con.Res. 40).[17][18]

Advocacy[edit]

The John Birch Society recognizes the ASRA as a reflection of its efforts since 1962 toward U.S. withdrawal.[7] Their publication New American sees Nathan Tabor's anti-UN book, The Beast on the East River, as a building block toward ASRA passage,[19] and advocate U.S. withdrawal from the UN because of their belief that "the U.S. military is currently being used as the enforcement arm of the United Nations."[20]

In 2000, Tom DeWeese's American Policy Center said it delivered to Congress more than 300,000 signatures from petitions in support of the Act.[21]

An organization calling itself the Liberty Committee also organized a nationwide petition drive asking Majority Leader Tom DeLay to schedule the bill for a vote.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "H.R.193 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): American Sovereignty Restoration Act of 2017 | Congress.gov | Library of Congress". Congress.gov. Retrieved 2017-04-13. 
  2. ^ "Rep. Paul Introduces American Sovereignty Restoration Act" (subscription). US Fed News Service. 1997-03-01. Retrieved 2008-04-10. 
  3. ^ Lamb, Henry (2005-05-16). "Showdown at the U.N. corral". Enter Stage Right. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  4. ^ Resnik, Judith (May 2006). "Law's Migration: American Exceptionalism, Silent Dialogues, and Federalism's Multiple Ports of Entry" (PDF). Yale Law Journal. 115 (7): 1659. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  5. ^ a b c Chumley, Cheryl K (2003-04-24). "New push to 'get U.S. out of U.N.': Congressmen ask for House floor vote during time of disdain for global body". WorldNetDaily. Retrieved 2008-04-14. 
  6. ^ Paul, Ron (2003-04-29). "America National Sovereignty vs. UN "International Law": Time for Congress to Vote". Congressional Record. U.S. House of Representatives. Archived from the original on 2008-03-28. Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  7. ^ a b Smith, G. Vance (2001-10-22). "The Way to Win: G. Vance Smith is chief executive officer of The John Birch Society". New American. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  8. ^ Kopel, Dave (2001-08-09). "U.N. Out of North America: The Small Arms Conference and the Second Amendment". National Review. Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  9. ^ Williams, Kyle (2003-05-03). "Walking out of U.N.". Veritas. WorldNetDaily. Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  10. ^ Editor (2003-06-11). "Rescue U.S. from the U.N.". Victoria Advocate. p. 1. Retrieved 2008-04-14. 
  11. ^ Cooper, Andrew F., and Rowlands, Dave (2005). Canada Among Nations: Split Images. Drache, Daniel, contrib. McGill-Queen's University Press. pp. 117, 131. 
  12. ^ Mbogo, Stephen (2003-07-16). "House Votes to Fund U.N. but Not Population Fund". Cybercast News Service. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. Retrieved 2008-04-14. 
  13. ^ Elvin, John (1997-10-06). "Actually, the United Nations Owes Us!". Insight on the News. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  14. ^ McManus, John F (2002-08-26). "Texans issue a challenge". New American. American Opinion Publishing. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  15. ^ "A Concurrent Memorial Urging the Congress of the United States to Enact H.R. 1146, the American Sovereignty Restoration Act of 2003" (PDF). Arizona Legislature. 2004. Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  16. ^ "A Concurrent Memorial Urging the Congress of the United States to Enact H.R. 1146, the American Sovereignty Restoration Act of 2005" (PDF). Arizona Legislature. 2006. Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  17. ^ "A Concurrent Memorial Urging the Congress of the United States to Withdraw the United States from the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America and Any Other Bilateral or Multilateral Activity That Seeks to Create a North American Union" (PDF). Arizona Legislature. 2007. Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  18. ^ "Bill Status Overview: SCM1002". Arizona Legislature. 2007. Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  19. ^ Behreandt, Dennis (2006-12-11). "Stalking the Beast". New American. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  20. ^ McManus, John F (2005-05-30). "U.S. defenders or UN enforcers? The U.S. military is currently being used as the enforcement arm of the United Nations. America's Armed Forces must be restored to their only proper role: national defense.". New American. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  21. ^ Bowen, Greg (2000-09-08). "Petitioners want U.S. out of U.N.". Victoria Advocate. p. 1A. Retrieved 2008-04-14. 
  22. ^ "Liberty Committee: Just 15 Minutes to Answer America's Question About the United Nations" (subscription). U.S. Newswire. 2003-04-24. Retrieved 2008-04-10. 

External links[edit]