American Tobacco Historic District
American Tobacco Company Manufacturing Plant
American Tobacco Campus, September 2012
|Location||Roughly bounded by W. Pettigrew St., Blackwell St., Willard St. and Carr St., Durham, North Carolina|
|Area||14.6 acres (5.9 ha)|
|Built||1874, 1899, 1911|
|Architectural style||Italianate, Romanesque, Art Moderne, et al.|
|NRHP reference #||00001163|
|Added to NRHP||September 29, 2000|
The American Tobacco Historic District is a historic tobacco factory complex and national historic district located in Durham, Durham County, North Carolina. The district encompasses 14 contributing buildings and three contributing structures built by the American Tobacco Company and its predecessors and successors from 1874 to the 1950s. Located in the district is the separately listed Italianate style W. T. Blackwell and Company building (1874-1880, c. 1904). Other notable contributing resources are the Romanesque Revival style Hill Warehouse (1900), Washington Warehouse (1902–07), the Lucky Strike Building (1901–02), and Reed Warehouse; Noell Building (c. 1930); Power Plant and Engine House (1929–39); and the Art Moderne style Fowler (1939) Strickland (1946) and Crowe (1953) buildings.
Nearby, but not part of the multi-use redevelopment district, is the Durham Bulls Athletic Park, the studios of Fox 50, and the Durham Performing Arts Center. The Historic District is part of a large urban renewal project in downtown Durham designed to bring residents, businesses, and shoppers to the formerly blighted downtown area. The campus had been the headquarters of the American Tobacco Company, once the largest manufacturer of cigarettes in the United States. The mostly abandoned campus was purchased by the Capitol Broadcasting Company in 2001 as part of a plan to redevelop downtown Durham. Other companies have completed similar plans, Measurement Incorporated purchased and renovated the Brodie Duke Warehouse, the Imperial Tobacco Warehouse, and BC Remedy Building.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Claudia R. Brown and M. Ruth Little (April 2000). "American Tobacco Company Manufacturing Plant" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 2014-10-01.
- "American Tobacco". Durham, NC official website. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- American Tobacco Historic District official website
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. NC-10, "American Tobacco Company, Durham, Durham County, NC", 7 photos, 10 data pages, 1 photo caption page
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