American rosefinch

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American rosefinches
House finch (Haemorhous mexicanus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
Subfamily: Carduelinae
Genus: Haemorhous
Swainson, 1837

See text

The American rosefinches that form the genus Haemorhous, are a group of passerine birds in the finch family Fringillidae. As the name implies, various shades of red are characteristic plumage colors of this group. They are found throughout the North American continent.

The genus is not closely related to the Carpodacus rosefinches that are found in Europe and Asia.[1][2]


There have been a number of rosefinch radiations. One of the first to split off were the ancestors of the North American species and diverged in the Middle Miocene (about 14–12 mya) from the proto-rosefinches.[3]


The genus contains three species:[1][4]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Cassin's Finch (male).jpg Haemorhous cassinii Cassin's finch western North America as far south as northern New Mexico and Arizona; also Southern California near Baja California.
Carpodacus purpureus CT2.jpg Haemorhous purpureus Purple finch Canada and the northeastern United States
House Finch (32847677535).jpg Haemorhous mexicanus House finch North America from southern Canada to the Mexican state of Oaxaca


  1. ^ a b Chesser, R. Terry; Banks, Richard C.; Barker, F. Keith (2012). "Fifty-third Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds" (PDF). The Auk. 129 (3): 573–588. doi:10.1525/auk.2012.129.3.573. Retrieved 2012-07-18.
  2. ^ Zuccon, Dario; Prŷs-Jones, Robert; Rasmussen, Pamela C.; Ericson, Per G.P. (2012). "The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 62 (2): 581–596. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.10.002. PMID 22023825.
  3. ^ Banks, Richard C.; Browning, M. Ralph (July 1995). "Comments on the Status of Revived Old Names for Some North American Birds" (PDF). The Auk. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. 112 (3): 633–648. JSTOR 4088679.
  4. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Finches, euphonias". World Bird List Version 5.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 June 2015.