American sparrow

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American sparrow
White-crowned sparrow
Zonotrichia leucophrys
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Superfamily: Passeroidea
Family: Passerellidae
Cabanis, 1851

American sparrows are a group of mainly New World passerine birds, forming the family Passerellidae. American sparrows are seed-eating birds with conical bills, brown or gray in color, and many species have distinctive head patterns.

Although they share the name sparrow, American sparrows are more closely related to Old World buntings than they are to the Old World sparrows (family Passeridae).[1][2] American sparrows are also similar in both appearance and habit to finches, with which they sometimes used to be classified.

Genera and species in taxonomic order[edit]

Genus Arremon (approx 20 species)

Genus Arremonops

Genus Melozone

Genus Pipilo

Genus Peucaea

Genus Aimophila

Genus Oriturus

Genus Torreornis

Genus Spizelloides

Genus Spizella

Genus Pooecetes

Genus Chondestes

Genus Amphispiza

Genus Artemisiospiza

Genus Calamospiza

Genus Passerculus

Genus Ammodramus

Genus Ammospiza

Genus Centronyx

Genus Passerella

Genus Xenospiza

Genus Melospiza

Genus Rhynchospiza

Genus Zonotrichia

Genus Junco


  1. ^ Allende, Luis M.; Rubio, Isabel; Ruíz-del-Valle, Valentin; Guillén, Jesus; Martínez-Laso, Jorge; Lowy, Ernesto; Varela, Pilar; Zamora, Jorge; Arnaiz-Villena, Antonio (2001). "The Old World sparrows (genus Passer) phylogeography and their relative abundance of nuclear mtDNA pseudogenes" (PDF). Journal of Molecular Evolution. 53 (2): 144–154. Bibcode:2001JMolE..53..144A. CiteSeerX doi:10.1007/s002390010202. PMID 11479685. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011.
  2. ^ Arnaiz-Villena, A; Gómez-Prieto P; Ruiz-de-Valle V (2009). "Phylogeography of finches and sparrows". Animal Genetics. Nova Science Publishers. ISBN 978-1-60741-844-3. Archived from the original on 2012-09-02. Retrieved 2014-12-05.

External links[edit]