Americans in China
|Regions with significant populations|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Americans in Japan|
Americans in North Korea
Estimated number in China
In 2005, the number of Americans living in China reached a historic high of 110,000. Most expatriates living in China come from neighboring Asian nations. An estimate published in 2018 counted 600,000 people of other nations living in China, with 12% of those from the US; that means approximately 72,000 Americans living in China.
Based on data collected in 1999, when 64,602 Americans resided in China, most resided in Hong Kong (48,220 in 1999), with smaller numbers in Beijing (10,000), Guangzhou (3,200), Shanghai (2,382), Shenyang (555) and Chengdu (800).
Since the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong, Americans have arguably surpassed the British as the major non-Chinese influence. There are more Americans than Britons living in the territory, and 1,100 American companies employ 10% of the Hong Kong workforce; the current head of the Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce, Eden Woon, is the first American to hold the position in the territory's history. In addition, ships of the United States Navy made from 60 to 80 port visits each year, reported in 1998.
According to the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China conducted in 2010, there are 71,493 Americans residing in Mainland China, the second largest single group of foreign nationals behind Koreans in China. Americans have been coming to China for job opportunities since 1994. In the late 2000s and early 2010s, a growing number of Americans in their 20s and 30s headed to China for employment, lured by its faster-growing economy and good pay in the financial sector. Many of them teach English, a service in demand from Chinese businesspeople and students and a growing number are arriving with skills and experience in computers, finance and other fields.
American diplomatic missions in Mainland China:
- Embassy of the United States, Beijing
- U.S. Consulate General Chengdu
- U.S. Consulate General Guangzhou
- U.S. Consulate General Shanghai
- U.S. Consulate General Shenyang
- U.S. Consulate General Wuhan
The Consulate General of the United States, Hong Kong and Macau serves Hong Kong and Macau.
American international schools in Mainland China:
- Beijing Saint Paul American School
- Changchun American International School
- Concordia International School Shanghai
- QSI International School of Chengdu
- Dalian American International School
- American International School of Guangzhou
- International School of Beijing
- Shanghai American School
- Shanghai Livingston American School
- Shenzhen American International School
- Suzhou North America High School
American international schools in Hong Kong:
- Solomon Adler - Economist
- Ai Hua (Charlotte MacInnis) - Chinese television presenter
- Elijah Coleman Bridgman - Protestant Christian missionary
- Frank Coe - United States government official
- Erwin Engst - advisor to the People's Republic to China
- Joan Hinton - nuclear physicist
- William H. Hinton - farmer and prolific writer
- Isabel Ingram - tutor of Wan Rong, Empress and wife of the last Emperor of China
- Kaiser Kuo - Musician and Baidu employee
- Henry Luce - journalist and businessman
- Stephon Marbury - basketball player
- American McGee - game designer
- Gideon Nye - diplomat, art collector, and merchant
- Manya Reiss - Founding member of the Communist Party USA (CPUSA)
- Sidney Rittenberg - journalist, interpreter and scholar
- Glenn Duffie Shriver - Studied in Shanghai, arrested in the United States for attempted espionage
- Agnes Smedley - journalist and writer
- Edgar Snow - journalist
- Mike Sui - comedic actor
- Anna Louise Strong - journalist and activist
- John Leighton Stuart - First President of Yenching University
- Gerald Tannebaum - humanitarian and actor
- MacLeod, Callum (November 18, 2005). "A guide to success in China, by Americans who live there". USA Today. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- The Editor (October 24, 2018). "China Expat Population: Stats and Graphs". Sampi Marketing, Inc. Retrieved June 22, 2019.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
- "Major Figures on Residents from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan and Foreigners Covered by 2010 Population Census". National Bureau of Statistics of China. April 29, 2011. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- "Private American Citizens Residing Abroad". Overseas Digest, Bureau of Consular Affairs. July 1999. Archived from the original on March 26, 2010.
- Callick 1998, p. 72
- Seligson, Hannah (December 23, 2009). "For American Workers in China, a Culture Clash". New York Times. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- "Young Americans Going To China For Jobs". Huffington Post. September 2009. Retrieved June 22, 2019.[dead link]
- Glass, Ira (June 22, 2012). "Americans in China Transcript". This American Life, episode #467. Retrieved August 11, 2017.