Americans in Cuba (Spanish: Estadounidenses en Cuba) consist of expatriates and immigrants from the United States as well as Cubans of American descent. As of September 1998, there are about 2,000 to 3,000 Americans living in Cuba.
Following the Cuban Revolution, small numbers of Americans, mostly communists, began migrating to Cuba. In the 1980s, there was an organized group of Americans who called themselves the Union of North American Residents. They consist of nearly 30 expatriates, some members of the US Communist Party while others are leftist writers or English teachers.
Many American fugitives have taken refuge in Cuba. Some of them remain on the FBI's Most Wanted List, and most were members of radical leftist organizations, Puerto Rican separatist groups and Black nationalist organizations (most notably the Black Panther Party) who fled to the country to escape U.S. authorities in the 1960s and 1970s. In 1968, more than 30 planes were hijacked or attempted to be hijacked to Cuba.