Amersfoort railway station
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (November 2015)|
|Opened||20 August 1863 (first station), 1902 (second)|
Amersfoort railway station is the main railway station in Amersfoort, in the province of Utrecht, Netherlands. The station was an important link between the western part of the Netherlands and the north and east of the country until December 2012 when the Hanzelijn opened.
The original station building opened on 20 August 1863, and closed in 1904. It was called Amersfoort NCS and is located next to the railway tracks 200 metres (656 ft) east of the end of the platforms of the current station. This first station opened as part of the Utrecht–Kampen railway ("Centraalspoorweg"), which runs from Utrecht via Amersfoort to Zwolle and Kampen.
In 1874 the Gooilijn opened, running from Amsterdam via Hilversum to Amersfoort. Two years later the line was extended to form the Oosterspoorweg ("East rail line") from Amersfoort to Apeldoorn and Zutphen. In 1886 a railway line opened from Amersfoort to Kesteren, offering a direct service between Amsterdam and Nijmegen. However, the 1863 station was just too far east for the line, and so another station was built on the Kesteren line, called Amersfoort Stad. Parts of the Kesteren line still exist today. To permit connections between the two stations, a third station was built, called Amersfoort Aansluiting (“Amersfoort Connection”). Because this meant there were three stations all close to each other, it was decided to consolidate them and the current station was built and opened in 1901. It was renovated in 1997, at which time a third island-platform, as well as an exit on the north side of the station, were built.
Since 1970, Amersfoort has been important for intercity passengers, as it was the only station where all cross country intercity trains from Amsterdam, The Hague and Rotterdam to Leeuwarden, Groningen and Enschede met. Passengers only need to cross to the other side of an island platform to change for trains to other destinations. Since December 2012 and the opening of the Hanzelijn, trains from The Hague and Amsterdam now travel via Lelystad to Zwolle, avoiding Amersfoort.
The Centraalspoorweg between Amersfoort and Zwolle is also known as the Veluwelijn.
A new fly-under was opened on 18 October 2013, after two years of construction, to allow trains from Hilversum to access Platform 1 without crossing the other lines. The cost was €44.5 million.
- Express services:
- International Intercity: Amsterdam - Amersfoort - Hengelo - Osnabrück - Hanover - Berlin
- Intercity: Schiphol - Hilversum - Amersfoort - Hengelo - Enschede
- Intercity: Schiphol - Hilversum - Amersfoort - Amersfoort Schothorst
- Intercity: Amsterdam - Hilversum - Amersfoort (- Deventer)
- Intercity: Rotterdam - Utrecht - Amersfoort - Zwolle - Groningen
- Intercity: Rotterdam - Utrecht - Amersfoort - Zwolle - Leeuwarden
- Intercity: The Hague - Utrecht - Amersfoort - Hengelo - Enschede
- Intercity: The Hague - Utrecht - Amersfoort - Amersfoort Schothorst
- Local services:
- Sprinter: Utrecht - Amersfoort - Zwolle
- Sprinter: Hoofddorp - Amsterdam - Hilversum - Amersfoort Vathorst
- Stoptrein: Amersfoort - Barneveld - Ede-Wageningen
- Stoptrein: Amersfoort - Barneveld Zuid
- 1: Park Bilthoven - Soesterkwartier - Station - Leusderkwartier - Eemgaarde
- X2: Station - Nieuwland
- 3: Station - Nieuwland - Vathorst
- X4: Station - Schothorst - Kattenbroek
- 5: Station - City Centre - Schothorst - Vathorst
- 6: Station - City Centre - Rustenburg - Llendert
- 7: Station - City Centre - Llendert - Rustenburg
- 8: Station - City Centre - Vermeerkwartier - Schullenburg
- 19: Station - Rusthof Cemetery
- 52: Amersfoort - Soesterberg - Huis ter Heide - Zeist North - De Bilt - Utrecht
- 56: Amersfoort - Soesterberg - Huis ter Heide - Zeist - Driebergen-Zeist - Doorn - Wijk bij Duurstede
- 70: Amersfoort - Soest Zuid - Soestdijk North - Hilversum
- 74: Amersfoort - Soest Zuid - Soestdijk - Soestdijk North
- 76: Amersfoort - Bunschoten - Spakenburg
- 77: Amersfoort - Leusden
- 78: Amersfoort - Leusden
- 80: Amersfoort - Leusden South - Woudenberg - Scherpenzeel - Veenendaal - Rhenen - Wageningen
- 82: Amersfoort - Leusden South - Woudenberg - Maarn - Doorn
- 83: Amersfoort - Leusden South - Woudenberg - Scherpenzeel - Veenendaal
- 102: Amersfoort - Hoevelaken - Zwartebroek - Terschuur - Voorthuizen - Nieuw Millingen - Apeldoorn
- 103: Amersfoort - Schothorst - Nijkerk - Putten - Ermelo - Harderijk - Nunspeet
- 252: Amersfoort - Soesterberg - Zeist - Utrecht
- 452: Utrecht → De Bilt → Zeist → Soesterberg → Amersfoort → Utrecht
- "Amersfoort diveunder in operation" (217). Today's Railways Europe. January 2014: 54.
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