|Native name||Amet-Han Sultan|
October 25, 1920|
Alupka, South Russia
|Died||February 1, 1971
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
||Soviet Air Forces|
|Unit||9th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Amet-Khan Sultan (Russian: Амет-хан Султан; 25 October 1920, Alupka, Crimea – 1 February 1971) was a Soviet fighter ace and test pilot whose mother was Crimean Tatar and father was an ethnic Lak. Alternative spellings of his name include Ahmed Khan Sultan, Amet-Han Soultan, Ahmet-Han Sultan, Amet-Han Sultan, and Sultan Amet-Han.
Amet-Khan graduated from a military aviation school in 1940. With the German attack on the Soviet Union in June 1941, he was a pilot with the 4th Fighter Regiment, based around Odessa, flying the I-16. He claimed his first victory on 31 May 1942, ramming a Junkers Ju-88 with his Hawker Hurricane fighter. In October 1942, he transferred to the elite 9th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (9th GIAP), equipped at various times with the Yak-1, P-39 Airacobra and finally the Lavochkin La-7. In action over the Bryansk, south-western, Stalingrad, southern, Ukrainian, and Belorussian fronts, Amet-Khan flew some 603 sorties, participated in 150 air battles, and personally claimed 30 planes shot down, with 19 more victories shared.
In 1946, he transferred to the Reserve and became a test pilot at the Gromov Flight Research Institute. He was killed in an aircraft crash on 1 February 1971 during a test flight on the Tupolev Tu-16LL. During his lifetime, he personally tested over 100 planes.
Honours and awards
- Twice Hero of the Soviet Union
- Honoured Test Pilot of the USSR
- Three Orders of Lenin
- Five Orders of the Red Banner
- Order of Alexander Nevsky
- Order of the Patriotic War First Class
- Order of the Red Star
- Order of the Badge of Honour
- Amet-Khan Sultan at the site 'Heroes of the country' (in Russian)
- Mellinger and Stanaway 2001, p. 85.
- "Production news: Haytarma". Ukraine Film Office. 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2013-06-19.
- Juszczak, Artur and Pęczkowski, Robert. Bell P-39 Airacobra. Sandomierz, Poland/Redbourn, UK: Mushroom Model Publications, 2003. ISBN 83-916327-9-2.
- Loza, Dmitriy and Gebhardt, James F. (transl.). Attack of the Airacobras: Soviet Aces, American P-39s & the War Against Germany. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2002. ISBN 0-7006-1140-1.
- Mellinger, George and Stanaway, John. P-39 Airacobra Aces of World War 2. Botley, Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing Ltd., 2001. ISBN 1-84176-204-0.
- Morgan, Hugh. Soviet Aces of World War 2. London: Reed International Books Ltd., 1998. ISBN 1-85532-632-9.