|District of Uttar Pradesh|
Location of Amethi district in Uttar Pradesh
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Amethi|
|• Assembly seats||5|
|• Total||3,063 km2 (1,183 sq mi)|
Amethi district is the 72nd district of the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. This district is part of Ayodhya division. It covers an area of 3,070 km². Gauriganj is the administrative headquarters of the district.
It is better known due to being the seat of power of the Indian Nehru-Gandhi political dynasty since 1980. The former prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, his grandsons Sanjay and Rajiv Gandhi (the sons of Indira Gandhi), Rajiv Gandhi's widow Sonia Gandhi and son Rahul Gandhi, have at one time or the other, represented its constituency.
General characteristics of the district
Amethi was the 72nd district of Uttar Pradesh which came into existence on 1 July 2010 by merging three tehsils of the erstwhile Sultanpur district, namely, Amethi, Gauriganj and Musafirkhana and two tehsils of the erstwhile Raebareli district, namely, Salon and Tiloi and was named as Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Nagar. However, its name was changed back to Amethi when the ruling party changed.
Amethi is a major town of district and also a municipal board. It is also called as Raipur-Amethi.
Amethi lies on the Raebareli-Amethi-Sultanpur road about 40 km south-west of Sultanpur. Also called as Raipur-Amethi, of which Raipur belonged to the Raja of Amethi who lived at Ram Nagar. His ancestors used to live in Raipur-Phulwari where the old fort is still found. Here is also a temple called Hanumangarhi and a mosque both built about hundred years ago. About three kilometres north of Ram Nagar there is a tomb of famous poet, Saint Malik Muhammad Jayasi where he died, and the fort was built by Bachghoti Rajas.
District Amethi lies at the latitude 26°9’ north and longitude 81°49’ east at an average elevation of 101 metres(331 feet) from mean sea level. The total geographic area of the districts is about 3063 km2. The surface is generally level, being broken only by ravines in the neighbourhood of the rivers. The principal river is Gomti,which passes through the centre of the district. North side of this district is bounded by Faizabad District; South side is bounded by Pratapgarh District. West side is bounded by Bara-Banki District and Rai Baeilly District and the East side is bounded by Sultanpur District.
The land of Amethi district is generally plane except some regions around the Gomti River which drains almost the whole district. It may be called an agrarian area as agriculture is the main occupation of the people. Amethi district has a wet and dry climate with average temperatures ranging between 23 °C to 28 °C. Amethi experiences three distinct seasons: summer, monsoon and a mild autumn. Typical summer months are from March to May,with maximum temperatures ranging from 36° to 44 °C. The rainy season in the districts falls between June and September and July being the wettest month of the year. Winter starts from November. The daytime temperature hovers around 22 °C while night temperature is below 8 °C during December and January, often dropping to 2°to 3 °C.
Change of status and name
Amethi was recently[when?] changed to district and officially named after Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj, by B.S.P. Govt., and is 72nd district in the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India(previous it was in Sultanpur district). Recently the name Chatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Nagar changed back to Amethi as SP govt. came in the power this year (2012)
In Lucknow on 7 October 2003, the State Cabinet revoked the earlier notification regarding renaming of Amethi as Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj Nagar. Now the Amethi will be known as its previous name, told Chief Secretary Mr. Akhand Pratap Singh in a media. Amethi contains a hospital (Sanjay Gandhi Hospital) at Munshiganj. The NGO, Society for Animal Health Agriculture Science and Humanity is located at Munshiganj.
As of 2013, Amethi district has a population of around 1,500,000. 
Amethi is connected to the major cities in Uttar Pradesh and North-Eastern India via Indian Railways and roads. It has direct trains connecting with major cities like Delhi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Dehradun, Haridwar, Allahabad, Varanasi, Kolkata, Puri, Bhopal, Mumbai and Bangalore.
University and Colleges
- Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology,
- Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Uran Akademi,
- Footwear Design and Development Institute
- Rajiv Gandhi National Aviation University
- Indira Gandhi Group of Institutions, Amethi
Amethi district contains 1,431 government primary schools,433 government upper primary schools, 33 government-aided primary schools, 42 madrasas and 15 intermediate schools,including 1 government inter-colleges.
- Amethi has the Avionics Division of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, the organisation responsible for manufacture of Aircraft for Indian Airforce.
- The town contains a unit of Indo Gulf Fertilisers.
The district comprises 4 tehsils, 13 development blocks, 14 police stations and 401 lekhpal areas. These tehsils are: Gauriganj, Amethi, Musafirkhana and Tiloi. Amethi is the largest city in this district.
The district is surrounded by the constituency districts of Faizabad, Barabanki
District Magistrate: Mrs Sakuntala Gautum
- "Rahul Gandhi says will change face of Amethi,dangles jobs carrot". The Indian Express. PTI. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
- "About Amethi".
- Verma, Lalmani (7 June 2013). "Amethi to remain district, but with one less tehsil". The Indian Express. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
- "Rahul Gandhi never raised Amethi's problems in Parl: Kumar Vishwas". One India News. 12 January 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- Khan, Atiq (1 July 2010). "Uttar Pradesh gets one more district". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 August 2010.