Amethyst woodstar

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Amethyst woodstar
Calliphlox amethystina (male).jpg
Calliphlox amethystina.jpg
male (above) and female (below)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Family: Trochilidae
Genus: Calliphlox
C. amethystina
Binomial name
Calliphlox amethystina
Boddaert, 1783
Amethyst Woodstar Range.png
Global range     Year-Round Range     Summer Range     Winter Range

The amethyst woodstar (Calliphlox amethystina) is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is found in most of central, and eastern South America proper, in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname-(the Guianas), Paraguay, Peru, and Venezuela. The bird's range surrounds the Amazon countries into the Andes foothills and higher elevations of upstream river systems, but is not along the Amazon River proper in the central Amazon Basin, or the central upper Basin; it is in Brazil at the river's outlet, and upstream for about 500 km.

At 7.5 cm (3 in) and under 3 grams in weight, this is one of the smallest birds in existence.[2] It has a generalist diet of nearby flower nectar and insects in flight.[3] This species is generally poorly understood due to its rarity. Said rarity has also made it difficult to set a concrete conservation status (some even considering it as critical).[4]

There is a hypothesized hybrid between this species and Chlorostilbon aureoventris dubbed Calliphlox iridescens Gould.[5]


The amethyst woodstar's natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Calliphlox amethystina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Wood, The Guinness Book of Animal Facts and Feats. Sterling Pub Co Inc. (1983), ISBN 978-0-85112-235-9
  3. ^ "Amethyst Woodstar - Introduction | Neotropical Birds Online". Retrieved 2019-05-24.
  4. ^ Graves, Gary. "EL PICAFLOR AMATISTA (Calliphlox amethystina) EN LA ARGENTINA (THE AMETHYST WOODSTAR (Calliphlox amethystina) IN ARGENTINA)" (PDF). Revista Nuestras Aves. 53: 39–41.
  5. ^ Graves, Gary (June 1999). "Diagnoses of hybrid hummingbirds (Aves : Trochilidae). 7. Probable parentage of Calliphlox iridescens Gould, 1860". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 112 (2): 443–450. hdl:10088/12855.

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