Ameyo Adadevoh

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Ameyo Adadevoh
Born
Ameyo Stella Adadevoh

(1956-10-27)27 October 1956
Lagos, Lagos State, Nigeria
Died19 August 2014(2014-08-19) (aged 57)
NationalityNigerian
Alma materUniversity of Lagos (MBBS)
University of London (Endocrinology)
SpouseAfolabi Emmanuel Cardoso
ChildrenBankole Cardoso
Scientific career
InstitutionsFirst Consultant Medical Centre
road named after Ameyo Adadevoh

Ameyo Stella Adadevoh (born 27 October 1956 – 19 August 2014) was a Nigerian physician.

She is credited with having curbed a wider spread of the Western African Ebola virus epidemic in Nigeria by placing the patient zero, Patrick Sawyer, in quarantine despite pressure from the Liberian government.[1][2][3] When threatened by Liberian officials who wanted the patient to be discharged to attend a conference, she resisted the pressure and said, "for the greater public good" she would not release him.[4] She is known for preventing the Nigerian index case from leaving the hospital at the time of diagnosis, thereby playing a key role in curbing the spread of the virus in Nigeria.[5] On 4 August 2014, it was confirmed that she had tested positive for Ebola virus disease and was being treated.[6] Adadevoh died in the afternoon of 19 August 2014.[7][1] She was survived by her husband Afolabi and son Bankole among other relatives.

Early life and family[edit]

Ameyo Adadevoh was born in Lagos, Nigeria in October 1956. She spent the majority of her life in Lagos. Her father and great-grandfather, Babatunde Kwaku Adadevoh and Herbert Samuel Macaulay, were both distinguished scientists. Herbert Macaulay[8] was one of the founders of modern Nigeria. Her grandfather was from the Adadevoh family of the Volta Region of Ghana, to which she was very much connected, though she lived in Lagos. Her father Babatunde Kwaku Adadevoh was a physician and former Vice chancellor of the University of Lagos.[9][1] She was also the grand niece of Nigeria's first president Nnamdi Azikiwe,[10] as well as a great-great-granddaughter of Sara Forbes Bonetta and a great-great-great-granddaughter of Ajayi Crowther. Adadevoh worked at First Consultant Hospital where a statue of her great-grandfather exists.[11]

Education[edit]

Adadevoh went to preschool at the Mainland Preparatory Primary School in Yaba, Lagos (1961-1962). She spent two years in Boston, Massachusetts before moving back with her family to Lagos. She attended primary school at the Corona School, Yaba in Lagos, Nigeria (1964-1968), then the Queen's School, Ibadan (1969-1974) Nigeria for her secondary school education.[12]

Medical education and career[edit]

Adadevoh graduated from the University of Lagos College of Medicine with a Bachelor of Medicine/Bachelor of Surgery. She served her one-year mandatory housemanship at Lagos University Teaching Hospital in 1981. She spent her residency at Lagos University Teaching Hospital and obtained her West African College of Physicians and Surgeons credential in 1983. She then went to London to complete her fellowship in endocrinology at Hammersmith Hospital. She spent 21 years at the First Consultants Medical Center in Lagos, Nigeria. There, she served as the Lead Consultant Physician and Endocrinologist.[13]

Work with swine flu[edit]

Adadevoh was the first to alert the Nigerian Ministry of Health when H1N1 spread to Nigeria in 2012.[13]

Work with Ebola virus[edit]

Adadevoh correctly diagnosed Liberian Patrick Sawyer as Nigeria's first case of Ebola at First Consultant Hospital in Lagos, Nigeria in July 2014. Adadevoh kept Sawyer in the hospital despite his insistence that he simply had a bad case of malaria. Sawyer wanted to attend a business conference in Calabar, Nigeria.[14] Adadevoh led the team that oversaw Sawyer's treatment.[15] Adadevoh also kept him at the hospital despite receiving a request from the Liberian ambassador to release him.[11] She tried to create an isolation area, despite the lack of protective equipment, by raising a wooden barricade outside Sawyer's door. Her work saved Nigeria from widespread infection. At the time of these events, Nigerian doctors were on strike, which could have led to a severe health crisis.[16] She also provided staff with relevant information about the virus, procured protective gear and quickly contacted relevant officials. As a result of her report, the Nigerian government declared a national public health emergency and the Nigerian Ministry of Health set up an Ebola Emergency Operations Center.[17] WHO declared Nigeria to be Ebola-free on 20 October 2014.[18]

Marriage and children[edit]

Ameyo Adadevoh married Afolabi Emmanuel Cardoso on April 26, 1986. The couple had one son, Bankole Cardoso.[11]

Death and legacy[edit]

Adadevoh died from the Ebola virus in quarantine on 19 August 2014 in Lagos, Nigeria.[19] Her body was decontaminated and cremated by the government.[20] Her family obtained her ashes and held a private interment ceremony while upholding the funeral rights also on 12 September 2014, in Lagos.[20] The Dr. Ameyo Adadevoh Health Trust (DRASA), a non-profit health organization, was created in her honour. The film 93 Days is dedicated to Adadevoh and tells the story of the treatment of Sawyer by Adadevoh and other medical staff at First Consultant Medical Center.[21] The film was directed by Steve Gukas.[22] On 27 October 2018, she was honoured with a Google Doodle posthumously on what would have been her 62nd birthday.[23][24]

In February 2020, a road was named after Adadevoh in Abuja, Nigeria's capital city. The road "Ameyo Adadevo Way" is directly linked to Ahmadu Bello Way, one of Abuja's major and longest roads. This is one of the first efforts made by the Nigerian government to honour her valuable contribution to the country in the last weeks of her life.[25][26]

Honors and awards[edit]

Awards Year Given By
Posthumous Rotary Award 3rd Oct. 2014 Rotary Club of Abuja-Metro
National and Community Service Award 5 October 2014 Trinity House Church
Honorary Doctorate Degree: Doctor of Letters, Honouris Causa 11 October 2014 Baze University
Nollywood Humanity Award 18 October 2014 Nollywood Movies Awards
Arise Award 25 October 2014 Redeemed Christian Church of God
Posthumous Award 3 November 2014 Women in Management, Business Organizations and Public Service (WIMBIZ)
Exemplary Leadership Award 12 November 2014 Pathcare Laboratories
Distinguished Service Award 15 November 2014 Guild of Medical Directors FCT Abuja
Commemorative Plaque 19 November 2014 Nigerian American Medical Foundation
Nigeria's Hero of the Year Award 30 November 2014 The Sun Awards
2014 SEC Integrity Award 1 December 2014 Security and Exchange Commission
Number 1 Humanitarian Everyone Should Know About (2014) 11 December 2014 International Medical Corps UK
Woman Who Shaped 2014 22 December 2014 The Guardian
Number 1 Global Thinker of 2014 23 December 2014 Lo Spazio della Politica
Leading Woman of 2014 23 December 2014 CNN
Person of The Year 2014 31 December 2014 Ekekeee
Nigerian of the Year Award 4 January 2015 National Infinity Magazine
Honorary Doctorate Degree: Doctor of Science, Honouris Causa 17 January 2015 National Open University of Nigeria
First Woman 11 March 2015 First Bank of Nigeria

[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Tolu Ogunlesi (20 October 2014). "Dr Stella Ameyo Adadevoh: Ebola victim and everyday hero". The Guardian. United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 4 October 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Tributes to Dr Ameyo Stella Adadevoh". ThisDaylive. 26 August 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-08-21. Retrieved 2014-08-21.
  3. ^ "Dr. Stella Ameyo Adadevoh: A True Patriot". The Street Journal. 20 August 2014. Archived from the original on 3 August 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
  4. ^ "Dr Ameyo Stella Adadevoh". Archived from the original on 2019-10-27. Retrieved 2019-07-20.
  5. ^ "Lagos records second Ebola case in doctor who treated victim: Nigerian health minister". Reuters. 4 August 2014. Archived from the original on 3 November 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2021.
  6. ^ Afolabi Sotunde (4 August 2014). "Lagos sees second Ebola case, doctor who treated victim: health minister". Reuters. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
  7. ^ Kolapo Olapoju (19 August 2014). "Dr Ameyo Adadevoh succumbs to Ebola Virus Disease". Ynaija.com. Archived from the original on 21 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  8. ^ Chidi Chima (20 August 2014). "TRIBUTE: Herbert Macaulay's great granddaughter who died in service to Nigeria". The Cable. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
  9. ^ "The Ameyo Adadevoh I knew By Chidi Anselm Odinkalu". Sahara Reporters. 20 August 2014. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
  10. ^ Emmanuel Obe (22 August 2014). "Azikiwe calls for immortalisation of Adadevoh". The Punch. Archived from the original on 18 September 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  11. ^ a b c Ross, Will (2014-10-20). "Ebola crisis: How Nigeria's Dr Adadevoh fought the virus". BBC News. Archived from the original on 2021-04-21. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
  12. ^ "Life and times of late Dr. Ameyo Stella Adadevoh - Vanguard News". Vanguard News. 2014-09-12. Archived from the original on 2017-02-23. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
  13. ^ a b "Dr. Ameyo Stella Adadevoh (DRASA) Health Trust: Biography". Dr. Ameyo Stella Adadevoh (DRASA) Health Trust. Archived from the original on 2017-11-30. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
  14. ^ "Ameyo Adadevoh's NGO, DRASA, gives back to society". Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
  15. ^ Adegoke, Yemisi. "The woman who saved her country from Ebola". CNN. Archived from the original on 2018-05-23. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
  16. ^ "Ameyo Adadevoh: There was a Doctor". Archived from the original on 2018-05-24. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
  17. ^ "Nigeria Is Ebola-Free: Here's What They Did Right". Time. Archived from the original on 2017-11-24. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
  18. ^ "WHO | WHO declares end of Ebola outbreak in Nigeria". www.who.int. Archived from the original on October 21, 2014. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
  19. ^ "Reference at www.pulse.ng". Archived from the original on 2018-10-27. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
  20. ^ a b "Late Dr. Ameyo Adadevoh to be buried September 12th". 5 September 2014. Archived from the original on 27 October 2019. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  21. ^ Adegoke, Yemisi. "The woman who saved her country from Ebola". CNN. Archived from the original on 2018-07-07. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
  22. ^ "Why '93 Days' is one of the most important movies ever made". Ventures Africa. Archived from the original on 2019-05-09. Retrieved 2019-05-09.
  23. ^ Fikayo Olowolagba (October 27, 2018). "Google honours Dr Ameyo Adadevoh with doodle". Daily post. Archived from the original on October 27, 2018. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  24. ^ Abisola Oasupo (October 27, 2018). "Google Celebrates Stella Adadevoh On 62nd Posthumous Birthday". The Guardian. Archived from the original on October 27, 2018. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  25. ^ "FCT road renamed after Stella Adadevoh | TheCable". 19 February 2020. Archived from the original on 26 October 2020. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  26. ^ "Why Abuja street was named after Stella Adadevoh – Official". 27 February 2020. Archived from the original on 26 October 2020. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  27. ^ "Dr. Ameyo Stella Adadevoh Health Trust". Archived from the original on 2015-03-14. Retrieved 21 April 2015.