Amezaiku (飴細工?) is Japanese candy craft artistry. An artist takes multi-colored taffy and, using their hands and other tools such as tweezers and scissors, creates a sculpture. Amezaiku artists also paint their sculpted candy with edible dyes to give the finished work more character. Animals and insects are common amezaiku shapes created to appeal to children. Intricate animal characters are created with expert speed. Some amezaiku artists are also street performers who perform magic tricks and tell stories along with their candy craft entertainment.
During the Heian period, the art of amezaiku was imported from China and was probably first used in Japan for candy offerings made at temples in Kyoto. The amezaiku craft spread beyond the temple during the Edo period, when many forms of street performance flourished in Japan and when its base ingredient, mizuame, became widely available. In Edo it emerged in its present artistic form.
The candy base is prepared beforehand, using a starchy syrup recipe that requires careful monitoring to ensure proper consistency and appearance. The mixture is kneaded and pulled by hand, and formed into a large ball to be stored until ready to use. At the stall, the candy ball is heated to make it pliable again. The artist puts their hand into the hot mass to pinch up the material necessary; this too is a skill, as the artist must learn to tolerate the painful heat of the medium. The hot candy is quickly rolled and mounted on a stick, then pulled, twisted and clipped into form, usually an animal of some kind and often intricate. Speed is necessary to the art since the sculpture must be completed before the candy cools and hardens again.
One method formerly used in sculpting amezaiku was blowing into the candy by means of a straw, similar to glass-blowing. This practice was eventually prohibited in Japan as unhygienic, although other means of introducing blown air may be used.
- "The Colors of Cool". Public Relations Office, Government of Japan. Retrieved 25 January 2013.
- Inaba, Chiho; Maruoka, Yukari; Ishikawa, Airi (13 February 2010). "Amezaiku". The Kyoto Project. Kyoto University of Foreign Studies. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Wetherille, Kelly (3 April 2014). "Candy Made With Craftsmanship". New York Times. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
- "Amezaiku history". Amezaiku (in Japanese). 2002. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "飴細工" [Amezaiku]. Encyclopedia of Japanese Culture (in Japanese). 2004. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- Kiritani, Elizabeth (1995). Vanishing Japan: Traditions, Crafts, & Culture (1st ed.). Rutland, Vt.: C.E. Tuttle. pp. 18–21. ISBN 978-0-8048-1967-1.
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