Amhara Democratic Party

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Signboard for EPDM/APLF/ANDM/ADP headquarters in Melfa during the Ethiopian Civil War
Amhara Democratic Party

አማራ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ፓርቲ
AbbreviationADP
አዴፓ
ChairmanDemeke Mekonnen
Deputy ChairmanAmbachew Mekonen
Head OfficerYohannes Buayalew
Founded1982
Dissolved2019
Succeeded byProsperity Party[1]
HeadquartersBahir Dar, Ethiopia
IdeologyAmhara interests
National affiliationEthiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front
Emblem of Ethiopia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ethiopia

The Amhara Democratic Party (ADP) (Amharic: አማራ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ፓርቲ), originally known as Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM), was a political party in Ethiopia. The party is one of four members of the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front in Ethiopia. The party chairman is Demeke Mekonnen, who replaced Addisu Legesse in 2010.[2]

In November 2019, Prime minister Abiy Ahmed and Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front Chairman unified the constituent parties of the coalition into a new Prosperity Party[3].

History[edit]

The Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement (EPDM), the precursor of ANDM, was founded by former members of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party (EPRP) and supported by the Tigrayan People's Liberation Front (TPLF).[4] It was originally based in Waghimra in Wollo Province, and waged an armed struggle against the Derg in that area starting in 1982. EPDM convened its first organizational conference in Jerba Yohannes, Waghimra, in November 1983. During the Ethiopian civil war, its military headquarters were located in a cave in Melfa (Dogu'a Tembien). In 1989 EPDM and its long-time ally TPLF united to form the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPDRF).[4] At its third organizational conference in 1994, the EPDM changed its name to Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM), marking its transition from a pan-Ethiopian movement to an ethnic party.[4] In the May 2010 Regional State Council elections, the ANDM won all 294 seats in the Amhara Region.[5]

On its annual conference on 30 September 2018, Amhara National Democratic Movement changed its title to Amhara Democratic Party.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Exclusive: Third day EPRDF EC discussing “Prosperity Party” Regulation. Find the draft copy obtained by AS
  2. ^ "Who is Demeke Mekonnen?". Capital Ethiopia. 24 December 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  3. ^ Exclusive: Third day EPRDF EC discussing “Prosperity Party” Regulation. Find the draft copy obtained by AS
  4. ^ a b c Vaughan, Sarah. "Ethnicity and Power in Ethiopia" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 13, 2011.
  5. ^ African Elections Database
  6. ^ "Amhara Democratic Party is the new name for ANDM". www.borkena.com.