Ami Boué

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Ami Boué
Ami Boué - F Kratochwill Kratochwill F btv1b8449898f (cropped).jpg
Ami Boué, 1880
Born16 March 1794
Died21 November 1881 (1881-11-22) (aged 87)
NationalityFrench
CitizenshipAustrian Empire
AwardsWollaston Medal (1847)
Scientific career
Fieldsgeology

Ami Boué (16 March 1794 – 21 November 1881) was a geologist of French Huguenot origin. Born at Hamburg he trained in Edinburgh and across Europe. He travelled across Europe, studying geology, as well as ethnology, and is considered to be among the first to produce a geological map of the world.

Career[edit]

Boué was born in Hamburg where his grandfather Jacques Chapeaurouge had settled in 1705 and established a shipping company which grew. Born in a wealthy home, Boué studied in Hamburg and Geneva before going to study medicine at Edinburgh from 1814 to 1817. Here he came under the influence of Robert Jameson, whose teachings in geology and mineralogy inspired his future career. Boué was thus led to make geological expeditions to various parts of Scotland and the Hebrides, and after taking his degree of M.D. in 1817 he settled for some years in Paris.[1][2][3]

In 1820 he issued his Essai géologique sur l'Écosse, in which the eruptive rocks in particular were carefully described.[4][5] He travelled much in Germany, Austria and southern Europe, studying various geological formations, and becoming one of the pioneers in geological research; he was one of the founders of the Société Géologique de France in 1830, and was its president in 1835. Boué married Eleonore Beinstingel in 1826 and lived for sometime in Berne and then at Vöslau. In 1841 he settled in Vienna, and became naturalized as an Austrian.[1][6]

To the Imperial Academy of Sciences at Vienna he communicated important papers on the geology of the Balkan States (1859–1870), and he also published Mémoires géologiques et paléontologiques (Paris, 1832) and La Turquie d'Europe; observations sur la geographie, la géologie, l'histoire naturelle, etc. (Paris, 1840).[1][7][8]

Evolution[edit]

Boué was an advocate of transmutation of species. He was influenced by the evolutionary views of Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.[9]

He was supportive of spontaneous generation and argued that spontaneously generated organisms existed at the microscopic level between animals and plants.[9]

Honours[edit]

Ami Boué Peak on Graham Land in Antarctica and Ami Boué Street in Sofia, Bulgaria are named after Ami Boué.[10]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Boué, Ami". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 315.
  2. ^ Geikie, Archibald (1 December 1881). "Ami Boué". Nature. 25 (631): 109–111. Bibcode:1881Natur..25..109G. doi:10.1038/025109a0. Retrieved 1 February 2019 – via Internet Archive.
  3. ^ Schweizer, Claudia; Seidl, Johannes (1 December 2011). "AMI Boué's (1794-1881) Valuation of Geological Research Regarding its Application to Human Civilisation". Earth Sciences History. 30 (2): 183–199. doi:10.17704/eshi.30.2.g4n153q313816760. ISSN 0736-623X.
  4. ^ Boué, Ami (1820), Essai géologique sur l'Écosse, Paris: Mme V Courcier
  5. ^ Geikie, Archibald (1905). The Founders of Geology (2nd ed.). London and New York: Macmillan and Co., Limited. pp. 263–264. Retrieved 1 February 2019 – via Internet Archive.
  6. ^ Autobiographie du Docteur médécin Ami Boue, membre de l'Academie Impériale des Sciences de Vienne etc.: né à Hambourg le 16 mars 1794 et mort comme Autrichien à Vienne: Le seul survivant quoique l'ainé de-trois frères et d'une soeur (La distribution de cet opuscule n'aura lieu qu'après sa mort) (PDF), Vienne: F. Ullich, 1879, retrieved 5 February 2019 – via Online Katalog der Geologischen Bundesanstalt
  7. ^ Boué, Ami (1832), Mémoires géologiques et paléontologiques, I, Paris, Bruxelles: F.-G. Levrault, retrieved 31 January 2019 – via Gallica
  8. ^ Boué, Ami (1840), La Turquie d'Europe; observations sur la geographie, la géologie, l'histoire naturelle, la statistique, les moeurs, les coutumes, l'achéologie, l'agriculture, l'industrie, le commerce, les gouvernements divers, le clergé, l'histoire et l'etat de cet empire, I, Paris: Arthus Bertrand, retrieved 27 December 2012; Boué, Ami (1840), La Turquie d'Europe; observations sur la geographie, la géologie, l'histoire naturelle, la statistique, les moeurs, les coutumes, l'achéologie, l'agriculture, l'industrie, le commerce, les gouvernements divers, le clergé, l'histoire et l'etat de cet empire, II, Paris: Arthus Bertrand, retrieved 27 December 2012; Boué, Ami (1840), La Turquie d'Europe; observations sur la geographie, la géologie, l'histoire naturelle, la statistique, les moeurs, les coutumes, l'achéologie, l'agriculture, l'industrie, le commerce, les gouvernements divers, le clergé, l'histoire et l'etat de cet empire, III, Paris: Arthus Bertrand, retrieved 27 December 2012; Boué, Ami (1840), La Turquie d'Europe; observations sur la geographie, la géologie, l'histoire naturelle, la statistique, les moeurs, les coutumes, l'achéologie, l'agriculture, l'industrie, le commerce, les gouvernements divers, le clergé, l'histoire et l'etat de cet empire, IV, Paris: Arthus Bertrand, retrieved 27 December 2012
  9. ^ a b Corsi, Pietro. (2012). The Revolutions of Evolution: Geoffroy and Lamarck, 1825-1840. Bulletin du Musée d’Anthropologie Préhistorique de Monaco 51: 97–122.
  10. ^ Ami Boué Peak SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica

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