Amiatina

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Amiatina
Asino Amiatino 7.jpg
Conservation statusFAO: endangered[1]: 70 
Other namesAsino dell'Amiata
Country of originItaly
Distributionmainly in Tuscany
Use
Traits
Weight
  • Male:
    200 kg
  • Female:
    150 kg[2]
Height
  • Male:
    130–140 cm
  • Female:
    125–135 cm[3]: 157 
Classification
MIPAAFBreed standard
Amiatina foal at the Rural Festival of Gaiole in Chianti in Tuscany, 2016

The Amiatina or Italian: Asino dell'Amiata is a breed of donkey from Tuscany in central Italy.[2] It is particularly associated with Monte Amiata in the provinces of Siena and Grosseto, but is distributed throughout Tuscany. There are also populations in Liguria and in Campania.[3]: 156  It is one of the eight autochthonous donkey breeds of limited distribution recognised by the Ministero delle Politiche Agricole Alimentari e Forestali, the Italian ministry of agriculture and forestry.[4]: 18 

History[edit]

The Amiatina was numerous in the early part of the twentieth century; before the Second World War the population in the provinces of Grosseto and Perugia alone was over 8000.[5] In the years following the War it came close to extinction. From 1956 the Deposito Stalloni (later the Istituto di Incremento Ippico) of Pisa selectively bred it in the province of Grosseto. A breeders' association was founded in 1993. In 1995 the registered population was 89. In 2006 the total number registered was 1082, of which about 60% were in Tuscany.[3]: 156  The Amiatina was listed as "endangered" by the FAO in 2007.[1]: 70 

Characteristics[edit]

The Amiatina is intermediate in size between large breeds such as the Martina Franca and the Ragusano and small ones such as the Sarda. It rarely exceeds 140 cm at the withers. The coat is mouse-grey, with well-defined primitive markings – dorsal and shoulder stripes forming a cross, and zebra stripes on the legs.[5] It is a strong and rustic breed, capable of foraging on harsh marginal terrain. Management is almost always free range.[3]: 157 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Accessed May 2014.
  2. ^ a b Breed data sheet: Asino dell'Amiata / Italy. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed September 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d Daniele Bigi, Alessio Zanon (2008). Atlante delle razze autoctone: Bovini, equini, ovicaprini, suini allevati in Italia (in Italian). Milan: Edagricole. ISBN 9788850652594.
  4. ^ Norme tecniche: Allegato 2 a D.M. 9742 del 7 maggio 2012 (in Italian). Ministero delle Politiche Agricole Alimentari e Forestali. p. 18. Accessed September 2013.
  5. ^ a b Riccardo Fortina (2000). Le razze di animali domestici in pericolo di estinzione: Asino dell'Amiata. (in Italian). Vita in campagna 2000 (12): 46.

Media related to Asino dell'Amiata at Wikimedia Commons