Amina Tyler

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Amina Tyler[1]
Amina Tyler.jpeg
Born Amina Sboui
(1994-12-07) December 7, 1994 (age 23)
Tunisia
Nationality Tunisian
Occupation student, activist

Amina Tyler (Arabic: أمينة تيلر‎; born 7 December 1994[1] as Amina Sboui (أمينة السبوعي)) is a Tunisian student, women's rights activist, and was a member of FEMEN.[2]

Biography[edit]

On 11 March 2013, Tyler was the first Tunisian woman to post a photograph of herself nude from the waist up on Facebook, with the phrase "My body is mine and not the source of anybody's honour" in Arabic.[3] The photo was seen as scandalous and evoked strong controversies within Tunisian society comparable to the nude self-portraits of the Egyptian Aliaa Magda Elmahdy two years earlier. On 16 March, the popular talk host Naoufel Ouertani invited her to his show on Ettounsiya where she appeared disguised by pixellation. She explained that it was not for sexual reasons that she appeared topless but to call out their demands for the women's liberation in a patriarchal society.[4]

Imam Adel Almi issued a fatwa for her to be punished with 100 lashes and stoned to death.[5] On 19 May 2013 she painted the name "FEMEN" on a cemetery wall[6][7] in Kairouan, to protest against the annual congress of Salafi party Ansar al-Sharia. She was arrested and brought to Messaadine jail in Sousse.[8]

Tyler's father, the medical doctor Mounir Sbouï, told the French newspaper Libération in an interview that his daughter made a mistake but didn't commit a crime. The long time militant and campaigner of the socialist Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties, who had left the party only after it joined the Troika government, said he was even proud of his daughter who "defended her ideas" and who also brought him to reconcile with his own values making him understand that one needs to be active.[9]

External images
"My body is mine and not the source of anybody's honour"
"fuck your morals" “my body belongs to me, and is not the source of anyone's honour”
FEMEN cemetery wall

International protests followed for her release from detention. On 12 June 2013 a Tunisian judge convicted two French and one German FEMEN members after they were charged with public indecency while protesting for the release of Tyler.[10] The protestors, Pauline Hillier, Marguerite Stern, and Josephine Markmann, were released on 26 June 2013 after a Tunisian court lifted their prison sentence.[11]

Amina Tyler was acquitted for contempt and defamation on 29 July 2013, but she remained jailed pending trial on a separate charge of desecrating a cemetery.[12]

FEMEN had staged protests in front of the Grand Mosque of Paris burning a Tawhid flag. Upon release in August 2013, Tyler declared that she was leaving the group in protest, adding that she thought FEMEN's actions in Paris were disrespectful to the Muslim world and because she saw a lack of financial transparency in the organization.[13][14][15]

In 2013 she moved to Paris, France[16][17] where she completed high school and co-authored an autobiography, published in Paris[18] as "My Body Belongs to me" (ISBN 978-2259223157)[19][20][21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Girard, Quentin (5 September 2013). "Amina. Un nouveau dessein" (in French). Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "Reaparece ante el juez la joven feminista tunecina Amina Tyler, que sigue detenida" (in Spanish). 5 June 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2013. [permanent dead link]
  3. ^ El País (25 May 2013). "Amina: sola frente a los radicales" (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Verdammt, ein Busen! Ihr Name wird in deutschen Medien kaum erwähnt: Amina Tyler, die mit ihren Fotos für Aufruhr sorgte. Eine Rekonstruktion". Der Freitag (in German). 2013-04-12. Retrieved 2014-12-30. 
  5. ^ "Amina Tyler, condenada a morir a pedradas en Túnez". 2013. Archived from the original on 25 March 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "Nawaat – Affaire Amina : ce que l'on sait sur son arrestation et les charges qui pèsent contre elle". Nawaat.org. Retrieved 2016-09-10. 
  7. ^ "Nawaat – Amina en liberté conditionnelle". Nawaat.org. Retrieved 2016-09-10. 
  8. ^ "Amina sera jugée le 30 mai à Kairouan" (in French). 23 May 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  9. ^ Auffray, Elodie (2013-06-05). "Mounir Sboui. Père et fier d'Amina". Libération (in French). Retrieved 2014-12-30. 
  10. ^ Femen activists jailed in Tunisia for topless protest, BBC News (12 June 2013)
  11. ^ Femen activists jailed in Tunisia retract apology, The Guardian (27 June 2013)
  12. ^ Tunisian Femen activist ‘acquitted’ of defamation, France 24 (29 July 2013)
    Court dismisses 1 charge against Tunisian feminist Archived 2013-07-30 at Archive.is, TimesDaily (29 July 2013)
    Tunisian Activist Acquitted Amid Growing Unrest, Voice of America (29 July 2013) Archived November 5, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ "Topless Tunisian teen activist dumps Femen, but still takes naked selfies". Archived from the original on 2013-08-21. 
  14. ^ "Tunisia's Amina quits 'Islamophobic' Femen". France 24. Retrieved 2016-09-10. 
  15. ^ Marzouk, Zeineb (2015-10-06). "Amina Sboui: Tunisia's Most Outspoken Feminist is Back". Tunisia-live.net. Retrieved 2016-09-10. 
  16. ^ "Nude dancing in Louvre Museum Square: Proud "Arab" women atheists? | Adonis Diaries". Adonis49.wordpress.com. 2014-10-03. Retrieved 2016-09-10. 
  17. ^ "L'ex-Femen tunisienne Amina aurait été tondue en plein Paris | Le Figaro Madame". Madame.lefigaro.fr (in French). Retrieved 2016-09-10. 
  18. ^ "Amina". Huffingtonpost.fr. Retrieved 2016-09-10. 
  19. ^ "100 Women 2015: Return of a topless rebel". BBC news. Retrieved 28 November 2015. 
  20. ^ Laura Eduati (2015-01-18). "Amina Sboui: "Non rinnego la mia foto in topless. Dopo Charlie Hebdo, i musulmani devono chiedere di cambiare il Corano"". Huffingtonpost.it. Retrieved 2016-09-10. 
  21. ^ "Amina". Huffingtonpost.it. Retrieved 2016-09-10. 

External links[edit]