|Aminah bint Wahb|
|Died||577 AD / –46 BH|
|Cause of death||Unspecified Illness|
|Resting place||Al-Abwa, Saudi Arabia|
|Spouse(s)||'Abd Allah ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib July 570 – January 571 AD|
|Children||Muhammad (April 571 – 577 AD)|
|Parent(s)||Wahb ibn 'Abd Manaf (Banu Zuhrah)
Barrah bint Abdul Uzza (Banu Abd-al-dar)
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Early life and marriage
Aminah was born to Wahb ibn 'Abd Manaf and Barrah bint ‘Abd al ‘Uzzā ibn ‘Uthmān ibn ‘Abd al-Dār in Mecca. She was a member of the Banu Zuhrah clan in the tribe of Quraysh who claimed descent from Ibrahim (Abraham) through his son Ismail (Ishmael). Her ancestor Zuhrah was the elder brother of Qusayy ibn Kilab, who was also an ancestor of 'Abd Allah ibn Abd al Muttalib. Qusayy ibn Kilab became the first Quraysh custodian of the Ka'aba. Abdul Mutallib, father of 'Abd Allah, fixed the marriage of his youngest son 'Abd Allah with Aminah. She was eventually married to 'Abd Allah ibn Abd al-Muttalib. It was said that a light shone out of his forehead and that this light was the promise of a Prophet as offspring. Countless woman of Arabia approached 'Abd Allah, who, according to several traditions, was a handsome man; so that they might gain the honour of producing the offspring. The light was believed to be transferred to Aminah through 'Abd Allah.
'Abd Allah's father was the custodian of the Holy Ka'aba in Mecca. Soon after their marriage 'Abd Allah was called to al-Sham (present day Syria) on a trading caravan trip. When he left, Aminah was pregnant. However, 'Abd Allah became sick and died from an illness before returning to Mecca. This resulted in Aminah being depressed, from which she never recovered.
Birth of Muhammad
Two months after 'Abd Allah's death, in 570 AD, Muhammad was born. As was tradition among all the great families at the time, Aminah sent Muhammad into the desert as a baby. The belief was that in the desert, one would learn self-discipline, nobility, and freedom. This also gave Muhammad the chance to learn Arabic and Arab traditions. During this time, Muhammad was nursed by Halimah bint Abi Dhuayb, a poor Bedouin woman from the tribe of Banu Sa'ad, a branch of the Hawāzin, who would be with him during his time in the desert.
When Muhammad was two years old he was reunited with Aminah. After 3 years, when Muhammad was 5 years old, Aminah took him to Yathrib (Madinah) to meet his extended family and introduce him to the city. They ended up spending one month in Yathrib. However, after having traveled only 23 miles from Yathrib towards Mecca accompanied by her slave Umm Ayman, Aminah fell ill and eventually died 577 AD and was buried in the village of Abwa'.
Inconsistencies in Aminah bint Wahb's biography
There are a few inconsistencies that appear in the biography of Aminah bint Wahb. In most biographies Aminah lived with her father, however, others say she lived under the guardianship of her uncle Wahib ibn 'Abd Manaf. The age of 'Abd Allah is also contested. In most versions of Aminah's biography he is said to be 17 years old when the couple marries. Other versions claim he was 24 when they were married. The third inconsistency surrounds the time of Abdallah's death. In most cases it is simply said that he died on the return trip from Syria to Mecca.
Some of her important descendents
- The Life of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) by Ibn Hisham: Volume 1, Page 181
- Cook, Michael. Muhammad. Oxford University Press: New York, 1983. ISBN 0-19-287605-8.
- Kathir, Ibn. The Life of the Prophet Muhammad : Volume 1. Trans. Prof. Trevor Le Gassick. Garnet Publishing: Lebanon, 1998. ISBN 1-85964-142-3.
- Armstrong, Karen. Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet. HarperSanFrancisco: San Francisco, 1993. ISBN 0-06-250886-5
- "Muhammad: Prophet of Islam", Encyclopædia Britannica, 28 September 2009. Retrieved on 28 September 2009.
- Peters, F.E. Muhammad and the Origins of Islam. State University of New York Press: Albany, 1994. ISBN 0-7914-1876-6.
- Khan, Muhammad Zafrulla. "Muhammad: Seal of the Prophets- Early Years", Al Islam, 27 September 2009. Retrieved on 27 September 2009.
- Shame of the House of Saud: Shadows over Mecca, The Independent, 18 April 2006. Retrieved on 22 September 2013.