Amir Kabir Dam
|Amir Kabir Dam|
|Dam and spillways|
|Height||180 m (591 ft)|
|Length||390 m (1,280 ft)|
|Creates||Amir Kabir Lake|
|Total capacity||202,000,000 m3 (163,764 acre⋅ft)|
|Installed capacity||90 MW|
Varian village was originally located on the bed of the Amir Kabir Dam and beside the Karaj River. Following the dam's construction, the village was relocated to higher grounds. This made the village only accessible by waterway.
The ecliptic concrete structure is 180 metres (590 ft) high, with 30 metres (98 ft) length on bottom and 390 metres (1,280 ft) on top and its watershed is 764 kilometres (475 mi) long. The average annual water inflow to its reservoir is 472 million cubic meters. The total capacity of the dam's reservoir is 202 million cubic meters. The bottom elevation of reservoir and normal water surface elevation of reservoir are 1,545 metres (5,069 ft) and 1,610 metres (5,280 ft) respectively.
The Amir kabir Dam was built as a multi-purpose dam to provide tap water for Tehran alongside agricultural development in Karaj. It supplies the irrigation demand of over 50,000 hectares (120,000 acres) of farm land near Karaj. The power plant has been connected to the national electricity network for over 46 years and has a capacity of 90 megawatts. The lake behind the dam is a touristic attraction while being a natural habitat for rainbow trout. With its sailing and water-skiing facilities, the dam is a popular weekend summer resort.
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