Al-Amiriyah (Arabic: العامرية al-ʻāmiriyyah) or Amiriyah Fallujah, also Ameriyah, Amiriyyah, Ameriya, Amiriyat, Ameriyat and the like, is a city in the Fallujah District of Al Anbar province, about 30 km south of the city of Fallujah, in Iraq. Ameriyah residents belong mostly to the Albu Issa subtribe, part of the Dulaim tribe.
The city was named Amiriyah Fallujah after the occupation of Iraq because of huge number of displaced persons from the city of Fallujah, with a total population of 17 thousand people.
During the lead up to the Gulf War in 1990, several Western hostages were held as a human shield at a suspected ammunition factory in the area from September 1990 until their release 6 December 1990. These included a crew member from British Airways Flight 149. Nationals of Britain, Japan and France were held on the site. Only the British were detained until December, the French and Japanese being released in October and November 1990 respectively. The nature of their internment makes it difficult to pinpoint the exact location, but they were told by their Iraqi minders that they were at "a factory in Amiriyah"
During the American war on Iraq the city witnessed violent clashes such as those seen in the cities of Fallujah and Ramadi as well as explosions and car bombs with chlorine, but in the end in 2007 the Anbar police took over on the city.
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