Amity, Queensland

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Amity
Queensland
Amity is located in Queensland
Amity
Amity
Location in Queensland
Coordinates 27°23′52″S 153°26′20″E / 27.39778°S 153.43889°E / -27.39778; 153.43889Coordinates: 27°23′52″S 153°26′20″E / 27.39778°S 153.43889°E / -27.39778; 153.43889
Population 348 (2011 census)[1]
 • Density 256.5/km2 (664/sq mi) [2]
Established 1824
Postcode(s) 4183
Area 1.7 km2 (0.7 sq mi)
LGA(s) Redland City

Amity, is a small town and locality located on the north western point of North Stradbroke Island (known as Amity Point) within Redland City, Queensland, Australia.[3][4][5] It is known as Pulan Pulan by the traditional owners, the Quandamooka people. In the 2011 census, Amity had a population of 348.[1] In the 2011 census, the population declined to 348 people.[1]

Directly north is the South Passage and the southern tip of Moreton Island. To the east lies the small town of Point Lookout and to the south lies the main town of North Stradbroke Island, Dunwich. Wallum Creek snakes along the southern border of the town. Rainbow Channel lies directly adjacent to Amity Point in Moreton Bay.

History[edit]

The South Passage, with Amity located on the lower, right side of North Stradbroke Island, the island at the top of image

John Oxley named the headland Amity Point after the brig Amity he sailed in when establishing the Moreton Bay penal colony.[6] It had been given the name Cypress Point for which it was only known as for a brief period. The site was chosen as a pilot station by John Gray because of its location close to the South Passage into Moreton Bay. It was the first European settlement on Stradbroke Island.[6]

A supply boat called The Otter, which also carried tourists, ran between Brisbane's central business district and Amity from 1885 to 1946.[7] Amity Point Post Office opened around 1942.[8]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census, Amity recorded a population of 348 people, 50.3% female and 49.7% male.[1] The median age of the Amity population was 53 years, compared to the national median age of 37. 86% of people living in Amity were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were England 4.4%, New Zealand 1.7%, Solomon Islands 1.2%, Papua New Guinea 1.2%, Latvia 1.2%. 98% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common language was 0.9% Yumplatok (Torres Strait Creole).[1]

Infrastructure[edit]

Amity has little infrastructure built by either the private or public sectors. Due to this, the town's populace have to end up driving to either Dunwich for health and schooling facilities, or going by ferry or boat to the mainland town of Redlands.

Public sector[edit]

The only government infrastructure for the town is a single jetty, a library, a community hall, a Fire Station and a post office. No schools or hospitals are found in the town. This, however, is not due to a lack of government investment for the town, but rather due to the very small size of the town. There are only eighteen roads in the town, with the majority of those very small. Claytons Road, often called Point Lookout Road by the locals, due to the road leading to Point Lookout, is the only road which gives access to Amity from the rest of the island.

The Amity Point Library is the smallest permanent library in Australia being only 17.3 m² on the veranda of the local community hall and open only 9.5 hours each week.[citation needed]

Private sector[edit]

Private sector investments on the town only cater for the large number of tourists which come to the island every holiday season to make use of the town's beaches. There is a caravan park that caters for the budget traveller in the town. The cricket club at Amity is the only investment by the private sector that is catered for the local populace of the town, though it still receives much business from tourists.

Environment[edit]

Koala in a eucalyptus tree at Cabarita Park, Amity (North Stradbroke Island)

Amity is surrounded by virgin forests to the south east and pristine beaches elsewhere.

Forests[edit]

The forests surrounding Amity are subtropical rainforests with a significant amount of diversity in both flora and fauna. This is despite the fact that North Stradbroke Island, along with Moreton Island to the north and South Stradbroke Island to the south, are made up entirely of sand, a substance that only a few, mostly monocotyledon plants have managed to survive in elsewhere in the world. The three islands also have species of ancient ferns that have survived only on these islands.[citation needed] The flowering rate of these ferns are very slow, and the trees are protected by Australian law so that only the Aboriginals, the original people of the island, may harvest them.

Beaches[edit]

The beaches around Amity township have been eroded heavily by the rainbow channel, but Flinders Beach, 2–3 km (1¼–2 mi) to the east, and the Wanga Wallen Bank approximately 500 m (1,640 ft) to the south are in pristine condition, with a range of wildlife from U-Tube worms to Wobbegongs, a small brown shark, all present.

Amity Point boasts some of the largest shark numbers in the world, though shark attacks are rare, with only two recorded attacks.[citation needed] Despite the presence of shark drumlines, in places since 1997, a Brisbane woman was mauled to death by sharks while swimming in Rainbow Channel.[9] The species of shark remains unknown, with bull sharks suspected by an expert and tiger sharks suggested by locals.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Amity Point (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2001 Census Community Profile (ABS) Archived 13 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Amity - town (entry 540)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  4. ^ "Amity - locality (entry 43639)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  5. ^ "Amity Point - headland (entry 43639)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Horton, Helen (1983). Islands of Moreton Bay. Spring Hill, Queensland: Boolarong Publications. p. 29. ISBN 0-908175-67-1. 
  7. ^ Tony Moore (27 May 2016). "Brisbane CBD to Straddie flyer idea gathers steam". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 28 May 2016. 
  8. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  9. ^ Lee Shipley (9 January 2006). "Amity Point shark attack: Bligh defends beach measures". BayJournal. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "Onlookers thought 'shark' cries were joke". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 January 2006. Retrieved 2 May 2011.