Amjad Ali Khan
|Amjad Ali Khan|
|Birth name||Masoom Ali Khan|
9 October 1945 |
Gwalior, Central Provinces and Berar, British Raj
|Genres||Hindustani classical music|
|Associated acts||Hafiz Ali Khan, Amaan Ali Khan, Ayaan Ali Khan, Gurdev Singh|
Amjad Ali Khan (IAST: Amjad Alī Khān, Devanagari: अमज़द अली ख़ान) (born 9 October 1945) is an Indian classical musician who plays the Sarod. Khan was born into a musical family and has performed internationally since the 1960s. He was awarded India's second highest civilian honor Padma Vibhushan in 2001.
Early life and career
Khan was born in Gwalior on 9 October 1945 as Masoom Ali Khan, the youngest of seven children, to Gwalior court musician Hafiz Ali Khan and Rahat Jahan. His family is part of the Bangash lineage and Khan is in the sixth generation of musicians; his family claims to have invented the sarod. His personal name was changed by a sadhu to Amjad. Khan received homeschooling and studied music under his father. In 1957, a cultural organization in Delhi appointed Hafiz Ali Khan as its guest and the family moved to Delhi. Friends of Hafiz Ali convinced him of the importance of formal schooling for his son; as a result, Amjad was taken to meet the Principal of Modern School in New Delhi and admitted there as a day scholar. He attended Modern School from 1958 to 1963.
Khan first performed in the United States in 1963 and continued into the 2000s, with his sons. He has experimented with modifications to his instrument throughout his career. Khan played with the Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra and worked as a visiting professor at the University of New Mexico. In 2011, he performed on Carrie Newcomer's album Everything is Everywhere with his sons.
Khan was awarded 21st Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavna Award. Khan received Padma Shri in 1975, Padma Bhushan in 1991, and Padma Vibhushan in 2001, and was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for 1989 and the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship for 2011. He was awarded the Fukuoka Asian Culture Prize in 2004. The U.S. state Massachusetts proclaimed 20 April as Amjad Ali Khan Day in 1984. Khan was made an honorary citizen of Houston, Texas, and Nashville, Tennessee, in 1997, and of Tulsa, Oklahoma, in 2007. He received the Banga-Vibhushan in 2011. Sarod maestro Amjad Ali Khan, who has shared his rich experience in Indian classical music in classes across the West, will now teach for a quarter (three months) at Stanford University, this course will have lessons on Sarod as well.
As a young bachelor, Amjad had an affair with an older woman, who was a divorcee and a mother. The affair lasted eight years (1967–75), but the lady did not wish to get married a second time, because of her previous bad experience with marriage. Amjad's family disapproved of the relationship from the very beginning, and in the early 1970s, as his father's health deteriorated, they convinced him to let go of this relationship and marry a girl chosen by them. Amjad finally agreed to their wishes around the time of his father's death in 1972. However, although his wife came from similar background and was the same age as he, Amjad did not bond with her, perhaps because in his mind, he had still not let go of the divorced woman. He kept in touch with that other woman and maintained a platonic friendship with her, which was not acceptable to his wife. Hardly a year after their wedding, Amjad and his wife were blessed with a daughter. However, the marriage broke down completely around the time of the birth of the child. The process of separation and divorce was painful to the couple and also to their families. An unexpected outcome was that the process of divorce cured Amjad of his attachment to the divorced woman, by showing him the difference in thinking and mindset between them, and gave him a clearer understanding of his cultural moorings and priorities. He finally bid goodbye to the divorced woman in 1975, and was divorced from his wife the same year. Amjad's first wife quickly got married a second time. The daughter born of this first marriage was raised by Amjad's brother, Rehmat Ali Khan, who was childless.
The following year, on 25 September 1976, Khan got married a second time. His bride was Bharatanatyam dancer Subhalakshmi Barooah, a Hindu woman hailing from Assam in north-eastern India. They have two sons, Amaan and Ayaan, both of whom are performing artists trained in music by their father.
- North India: Instrumental Music of Medieval India (1994, Ocora)
- Ragas Bilaskhani Todi & Brindabani Sarang (1994, Navras Records)
- The Rough Guide to the Music of India and Pakistan (1996, World Music Network) (contributing artist)
- Sarod Maestro Amjad Ali Khan with sons Amaan Ali Bangash & Ayaan Ali Bangash (2001, Chhanda Dhara)
- Music from the 13th Century (2005, Navras Records)
- Moksha (2005, Real World Records)
- Confluence (2005, Navras Records) (jugalbandi with singer Girija Devi)
- My Inspirations (2006, Navras Records)
- Romancing The Rains (2007, Navras Records)
- Samaagam (2011, World Village) (with the Scottish Chamber Orchestra)
- Masterworks From The NCPA Archives (2012, Navras Records)
- Sawhney, Anubha (23 November 2003). "Amjad Ali Khan, unplugged". Times News Network. The Times of India. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- Bhatia, Shyam (1 October 2002). "The sound of sarod music". Rediff.com. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- Weisman, Steven R. (7 June 1988). "Traditionalist Reshapes India's Ancient Sarod". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- Rockwell, John (24 February 1991). "Review/Music; Another Indian Master, This Time of the Sarod". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- Singh, Khushwant; Hameed, Syeda Saiyidain (1995). A Dream Turns Seventy Five: The Modern School, 1920-1995. Allied Publishers. pp. 156–. ISBN 978-81-7023-499-9. Retrieved 29 June 2012
- Ratliff, Ben (30 October 2006). "From India, a Sarod Dynasty Represented by Father and Sons". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- "SNA: List of Akademi Awardees – Instrumental – Sarod". Sangeet Natak Akademi. Retrieved 21 November 2009.[dead link]
- "Padma Awards". Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. Archived from the original on 25 June 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- "Amjad Ali Khan – The 15th Fukuoka Asian Culture Prizes 2004". Asian Month. 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- "Amjad Ali Khan honoured in the US". Press Trust of India. The Times of India. 11 April 2007. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- "State honours nine with Banga-Vibhushan". The Times of India. Times News Network. 26 July 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "Amjad Ali Khan". IMDb. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
- "Zakir Hussain and Bangash brothers' ode to heritage". The Tribune. 13 December 2003. Archived from the original on 25 June 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- Ramnarayan, Gowri (8 January 2006). "Commitment to tradition". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- Steinberg, David (11 April 2004). "Sarod player preaches music". Albuquerque Journal. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
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