Amkula

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Amkula
আমকোলা
Amkola
Neighborhood in Asansol
Amkula is located in West Bengal
Amkula
Amkula
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°36′56″N 87°04′43″E / 23.615439°N 87.078502°E / 23.615439; 87.078502Coordinates: 23°36′56″N 87°04′43″E / 23.615439°N 87.078502°E / 23.615439; 87.078502
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Bardhaman
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,445
Demonym(s) Asansolians / Asansolites/ Asansolbashi
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website bardhaman.gov.in

Amkula is a neighborhood in Asansol in the state of West Bengal, India. As per the 2011 census, it is a census town in Raniganj CD Block and is served by Asansol North police station in Asansol Sadar subdivision of Paschim Bardhaman district.

Etymology[edit]

The word Amkula derives its origin from two Bengali words – am (mango) and kula (banana).

Geography[edit]

Amkula is located at 23°36′56″N 87°04′43″E / 23.615439°N 87.078502°E / 23.615439; 87.078502.

This neighborhood in Asansol is situated on the bank of river Nunia, a tributary of Damodar River. A small plateau stream locally known as Nallah joins river Nunia near Amkola. Basically the neighborhood lies in a low land valley, whose two sides are surrounded by water bodies, and on another side stands a low altitude plateau. Crossing the river Nonia one can enjoy the ber, the fruit of a bushy plant.

Asansol is composed of undulating latterite region. It lies between two large rivers – the Damodar and the Ajay. They flow almost parallel to each other in the region – the average distance between the two rivers is around 30 km. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to industrialization of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[1] Today all the neighboring jungles across the river are being deforested by brick-chimney contractors.

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Amkula had a total population of 5,445 of which 2,928 (54%) were males and 2,517 (46%) were females. Population below 6 years was 793. The total number of literates in Amkula was 3,239 (69.63% of the population over 6 years).[2]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Amkula had a population of 5,936. Males constitute 59% of the population and females 41%. Amkula has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; with 67% of the males and 33% of females literate. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Majority of the people are Hindi speaking. Though Bengalis are in significant number and have high living standard.

Economy[edit]

It is coal mining town under Eastern Coalfields Lrd., a subsidiary of Coal India Limited.[4] Amkula and the nearby Nimcha collieries are under Satgram area of Eastern Coalfields Ltd. But the economy is plagiarized due to the evil of money lenders and Marwari Seths. They charge high rates of Interest on lending which consume major part of coal miners earning in the town.

Collieries in the Satgram Area of Eastern Coalfields are: Kalidaspur, J.K.Nagar, Satgram, Ratibati, Chapui Khas, Mithapur, Nimcha, Jemehari, Pure Searsole, Tirath, Kuardih, Ardragram OCP and Seetaldasji OCP.[5]

Transport[edit]

There are several minibus routes from and via Amkula – (i) Amkula to Asansol via Jemari (J.K. Nagar Township), Nimcha, (ii) Amkula to Bahula more via Raniganj, Mangalpur, (iii) Amkula to Amritnagar via Jemari (J.K. Nagar Township), Nimcha, (iv) Amkula to Birkulti via Amrit Nagar, Ranisagar, Jamuria.[6]

Education[edit]

Amkula has one primary school.[7] Amkola has a unique variation in education level. For further studies students have to go to nearby city of Raniganj. Most of the population of town is literate. However many families of the town have attended marvelous landmark in education. Members of the said families are studying in University like A.M.U, Aligarh, B.H.U, Banaras, University of Allahabad, Jamia Millia Islamia, New delhi, Patna University, University of Calcutta etc. Even some of them are employed in America and other foreign countries on the basis of their Higher level of Education and skill.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  2. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 366.
  5. ^ "Coalmining impact on the Environment" (PDF). Chapter V: Table 5.2. shodganga.infibnet. Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  6. ^ Minbus Permit Register
  7. ^ 7th All-India School Education Survey