3D model (Jmol)
|Molar mass||144.94 g/mol|
|Appearance||White crystalline powder|
|Melting point||551 °C (1,024 °F; 824 K) (sublimes)|
|Boiling point||235 °C (455 °F; 508 K) (in vacuum)|
|155 g/100 mL (0 °C)
172 g/100 mL (20 °C)
250 g/100 mL (100 °C)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Ammonium iodide is the chemical compound NH4I. It is used in photographic chemicals and some medications. It can be prepared by the action of hydroiodic acid on ammonia. It is easily soluble in water, from which it crystallizes in cubes. It is also soluble in ethanol. It gradually turns yellow on standing in moist air, owing to decomposition with liberation of iodine.
Ammonium iodide can be made in lab by reacting ammonia or ammonium hydroxide with hydroiodic acid or hydrogen iodide gas:
- NH3 + HI → NH4I
It is also formed on decomposition of ammoniated nitrogentriiodide (an explosive).
- Holleman, A. F.; Wiberg, E. Inorganic Chemistry Academic Press: San Diego, 2001. ISBN 0-12-352651-5.
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