Amos Beman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Amos Beman
Amos Beman.JPG
Born 1812
Colchester, Connecticut
Died 1872
Nationality American
Occupation Pastor
Known for Abolitionism

Amos Gerry Beman (1812-1872) was a 19th-century African American pastor and social activist from Connecticut. He was a prominent African American abolitionist.

Personal life[edit]

Beman was born in Colchester, Connecticut and later moved to Middletown, Connecticut. His grandfather, Cesar, earned his right to freedom by fighting in the Revolutionary War in place of his master. With his freedom, he took the name Beman, claiming his right to "be a man." Cesar was a shoemaker, a trade he passed down to his son Jehiel, who then passed this on to Jehiel's eldest son Leverett.[1] Unlike Leverett, Amos followed a path of study and was destined to enter the ministry. Jehiel Beman, Amos' father, was the first pastor of the Cross Street AME Zion Church in Middletown, CT, and was later pastor of the Boston AME Zion Church.[2]

Amos Beman was tutored for a short time by Wesleyan University student Samuel Dole, but was driven from the university by a letter from "The Twelve of Us," which threatened his safety. Following this, Beman moved to Hartford, Connecticut to begin his professional career.[3] Throughout his life, Beman followed in the footsteps of his father, Jehiel Beman. In addition to serving as pastor of an African American church in Connecticut, Jehiel Beman was heavily involved in several social activist movements. His son would lead a similar life.[3]

Beman was originally married to a woman named Eunice, with whom he had three sons and two daughters: Mary, Amos, Fannie, Charles, and Emma. However, in 1856, his family was decimated by typhoid fever, which killed his wife and three of his children. A year after these tragedies, Beman remarried Eliza Kennedy, a white woman - a decision that drastically undermined his image as pastor of the Temple Street Church. After his second wife died of cancer, Beman married a third time to an African American named Mary Allen,[4] but for most of his acquaintances, it was too late for Beman to atone for his decision to marry a white woman.[3]

Pastoral life[edit]

In 1841, Beman fulfilled his childhood dream and became pastor of the Temple Street African Church in New Haven, Connecticut. The Temple Street Church was the oldest and most respected African Church in New Haven. Unfortunately, financial difficulties plagued Beman throughout the 17 years that he served the Temple Street Church. Many years, he was unable to take a salary, and he considered resigning from his post on several occasions. Yet, despite these tribulations, Beman's church grew considerably during his time as pastor, adding well over a hundred members to the congregation. Beman was widely recognized as a highly capable pastor, and his followers praised him for his leadership and selflessness. Beman decided to resign as pastor shortly after his second marriage.[3] As pastor of the Temple Street African Church, Beman was a Temperance lecturer, anti-slavery supporter, member of the underground railroad, and an advocate for negro suffrage in Connecticut.[5]

Abolitionism and social activism[edit]

Beman served on multiple conventions and councils that promoted anti-slavery causes and African American civil rights. Notably, Beman was a leading advocate of the African American suffrage movement in Connecticut. Yet, his efforts to grant African Americans the right to vote failed, and he subsequently increased his activity writing for Frederick Douglass' North Star and other African American publications. Beman was known for opening up his church to fugitive slaves, but as the Civil War neared, Beman began traveling around the country, lecturing on the anti-slavery movement.[3] His speeches can be found in many newspapers, including the Emancipator,[6] the Weekly Anglo-African, and the anti-slavery Bugle.

Additionally, Beman was a moral activist, highly involved in the temperance movement. He served as president of the Connecticut Society of the Negro Temperance Movement.[3] Beman was also the President of the 1855 Colored National Convention in Philadelphia, held to discuss slavery, suffrage, and moral reform.[7]

Beman kept four scrapbooks of articles documenting important moments and ideas he valued. They can be viewed at the Yale library.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of the Bemans". Beman Triangle, Wesleyan University. May 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Jehiel Beman, Community Leader". Cross Street A.M.E. Zion Church, Wesleyan University. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Warner, Robert (April 1937). "Amos Gerry Beman-1812-1874, a Memoir on a Forgotten Leader". The Journal of Negro History. 22 (2): 200–221. JSTOR 2714429. 
  4. ^ Ancestry.com (registration required)
  5. ^ "In 1820". New Haven, CT: Dixwell Church. 
  6. ^ Beman, Amos (August 1, 1839). "Amos G. Beman". Emancipator. 
  7. ^ 1855 Colored National Convention, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
  8. ^ Scrapbook of Amos G. Beman, Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Yale University