Ampelodesmos

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Mauritania grass
Ampelodesmos mauritanica 1.JPG
Ampelodesmos mauritanicus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Ampelodesmeae
Tutin (1978)
Genus: Ampelodesmos
Link, 1827[1]
Type species
Ampelodesmos tenax
(synonym of A. mauritanicus)
(Vahl) Link.[2]
Synonyms[3]

Ampelodonax Lojac.

Ampelodesmos is a genus of Mediterranean plants in the grass family,[4] which is known by the common names stramma, Mauritania grass, rope grass, and dis grass.[5] It is classified in its own tribe Ampelodesmeae within the grass subfamily Pooideae.[6]

The genus probably originated through ancient hybrid speciation, as a cross between parents from tribes Stipeae and Phaenospermateae.[6]

Ampelodesmos mauritanicus is a large clumping perennial bunchgrass, which is native to the Mediterranean region. It has been introduced outside its native range and is cultivated as an ornamental grass. Its nodding flower panicles can be nearly two feet long. In its native area it is used as a fiber for making mats, brooms, and twine. The plant can become an Invasive species in non-native ecosystems beyond the Mediterranean Basin.[7][8]

Its nodding flower panicles can be nearly two feet long. In its native area it is used as a fiber for making mats, brooms, and twine.[9]

The genus name comes from the Greek ampelos, "vine", and desmos, "bond", from its former use as a string to tie up grapevines.

Species[10]
  1. Ampelodesmos ampelodesmon (Cirillo) Kerguélen - Sicily[11][12]
  2. Ampelodesmos mauritanicus (Poir.) T.Durand & Schinz - Spain incl Balearic Is, France incl Corsica, Italy incl Sardinia + Sicily, Greece, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya
formerly included[3]

see Cortaderia

References[edit]

  1. ^ Link, Johann Heinrich Friedrich 1827. Hortus Regius Botanicus Berolinensis 1: 136 in Latin
  2. ^ Tropicos, Ampelodesmos Link
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Watson L, Dallwitz MJ. (2008). "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references". The Grass Genera of the World. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  5. ^ Kerguélen, Michel François-Jacques 1976. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 123(5–6): 319
  6. ^ a b Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Zuloaga, Fernando O.; Judziewicz, Emmet J.; Filgueiras, Tarciso S.; Davis, Jerrold I.; Morrone, Osvaldo (2015). "A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae)". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 53 (2): 117–137. doi:10.1111/jse.12150. ISSN 1674-4918.  open access publication – free to read
  7. ^ Jepson Manual Treatment
  8. ^ United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile
  9. ^ Food & Agriculture Organization, Corporate Document Repository, The role of Ampelodesmos mauritanicus and fibre plants in central Italy
  10. ^ The Plant List search for Ampelodesmos
  11. ^ Cirillo, Domenico Maria Leone 1788. Plantarum Rariorum Regni Neapolitani 2: 30
  12. ^ Tropicos, Arundo ampelodesmon Cirillo

External links[edit]

Clayton, W.D.; Vorontsova, M.S.; Harman, K.T.; Williamson, H. "Ampelodesmos". GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2015-12-21.