Ampelopsis brevipedunculata

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata var. hancei soann-pho-to 001.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Vitales
Family: Vitaceae
Genus: Ampelopsis
Species: A. brevipedunculata
Binomial name
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
(Maxim.) Trautv.
Turquoise and purple porcelain berries

Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (syn. Vitis heterophylla Thunb.), with common names creeper, porcelain berry, Amur peppervine, and wild grape,[1] is an ornamental plant, native to temperate areas of Asia. [2] It is generally similar to, and potentially confused with, grape species (genus Vitis) and other Ampelopsis species.[3]

The unusual blue color of the berries is due to an anthocyanidins-flavonols copigmentation phenomenon.[4]

Ampelopsin A, B and C are stilbene oligomers found in A. brevipedunculata var hancei.[5]

Cultivation[edit]

Ampelopsis brevipedunculata has distinctive medium blue fruit, and is an ornamental plant used in gardens.

Conservation[edit]

It is a major invasive plant species in parts of the Eastern United States.[6] It is invasive in urban settings as well as in more pastoral settings.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ITIS Report, retrieved 7 July 2015 
  2. ^ Swearingen, Jil, B. Slattery, K. Rehetiloff, and S. Zwicker. 2010. Plant Invaders of the Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas. 4th Edition. National Park Service and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C. 168 pp.
  3. ^ "Porcelainberry". PCA Alien Plant Working Group's least wanted. 
  4. ^ Effect of anthocyanin, flavonol co-pigmentation and pH on the color of the berries of Ampelopsis brevipedunculata. Yoshitama K., Ishikura N., Fuleki T. and Nakamura S., Journal of plant physiology, 1992, vol. 139, no5, pp. 513-518
  5. ^ Ampelopsins A, B and C, new oligostilbenes of Ampelopsis brevipedunculata var hancei. Yoshiteru Oshima, Yuji Ueno and Hiroshi Hikino, Tetrahedron, volume 45, Issue 15, 1990, pages 5121-5126, doi:10.1016/S0040-4020(01)87819-4
  6. ^ a b "Porcelainberry". Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas.