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Amphibola crenata 2.JPG
A shell of the mud-flat snail, Amphibola crenata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
Superfamily: Amphiboloidea
Family: Amphibolidae
J. E. Gray, 1840

See text.

4 genera, 12 species

Amphibolidae is a family of air-breathing snails with opercula, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod molluscs.

This family of pulmonate gastropods, for breathe air, but also have opercula and at least some species go through a free-swimming veliger stage.


2005 taxonomy[edit]

According to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda (Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005), it was an only family within a superfamily Amphiboloidea in the informal group Basommatophora, within the Pulmonata.[2]

2010 taxonomy[edit]

Jörger et al. (2010)[3] have moved Amphiboloidea to Panpulmonata.


Genera and species within the family Amphibolidae include:

Genera brought into synonymy
  • Ampullacera Quoy & Gaimard, 1832: synonym of Amphibola Schumacher, 1817
  • Thallicera Swainson, 1840: synonym of Amphibola Schumacher, 1817


  1. ^ a b c d e f Golding R. E., Ponder W. F. & Byrne M. (2007). "Taxonomy and anatomy of Amphiboloidea (Gastropoda: Heterobranchia: Archaeopulmonata)". Zootaxa 1476: 1-50. abstract.
  2. ^ a b Bouchet P.; Rocroi J.-P.; Frýda J.; Hausdorf B.; Ponder W.; Valdés Á. & Warén A. (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  3. ^ Jörger K. M., Stöger I., Kano Y., Fukuda H., Knebelsberger T. & Schrödl M. (2010). "On the origin of Acochlidia and other enigmatic euthyneuran gastropods, with implications for the systematics of Heterobranchia". BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 323. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-323.

External links[edit]