Amphion (horse)

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Amphion
Amphion horse.jpg
SireSpeculum or Rosebery
GrandsireVedette or Speculum
DamSuicide
DamsireHermit
SexStallion
Foaled1886
CountryGreat Britain
ColourChestnut
BreederG. S. Thompson
OwnerGeneral Byrne
TrainerMr. Chandler
Record24 starts 14 wins
Major wins
Great Jubilee Stakes (1889)
Fern Hill Stakes (1889)
New Biennial Stakes (1890)
Hardwicke Stakes (1890)
Lancashire Plate (1890)
Champion Stakes (1890)
March Stakes (1891)
Rous Memorial Stakes (1891)

Amphion (1886 – 30 October 1906) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse. He won some minor races as a two-year-old, but was not entered into any of the Classics. As a three-year-old he won several races including the Great Jubilee Stakes. He improved again as a four-year-old, winning the Hardwicke Stakes, Lancashire Plate and Champion Stakes, beating several classic winners in the process. He remained in training as a five-year-old, winning the March Stakes and Rous Memorial Stakes. Amphion was trained by Mr. Chandler and owned by General Byrne. As a stallion he sired several top class horses including the sprinter Sundridge, Champion Stakes winner Dieudonne and Eclipse Stakes winner Lally.

Background[edit]

Amphion was a chestnut colt foaled in 1886[1] and bred by G. S. Thompson.[2] He was sired by either Speculum or his son Rosebery.[3] Speculum was champion sire of Great Britain in 1878, when his son Sefton won the Derby. Rosebery won both the Cesarewitch Handicap and Cambridgeshire Handicap in 1876. The uncertainty over his paternity was due to Speculum dying shortly after covering Amphion's dam. His dam then came in heat and she was covered again by Rosebery.[4] Amphion's dam was Suicide, a daughter of Hermit.[1]

Amphion was purchased for General Byrne by Mr. Chandler as a yearling for 350 gunieas.[3] Chandler trained him throughout his racing career.[5]

Racing career[edit]

1888: Two-year-old season[edit]

Amphion's first race was the five-furlong Spring Two-year-old Race at Croyden on 20 April 1888. He started as the 2/1 favourite, with L'Abbesse de Jouarre next at 5/2. Amphion won the race by three lengths from Ravenswood, with third placed Outcry a further two lengths behind.[6] On 27 June he started as the odds-on favourite for the Champagne Stakes at Stockbridge. He was near the fore in the early stages of the five-furlong race and in the last few hundred yards he pulled away to win by a length from Kettlebury.[7] One month later Amphion started as the 1/2 favourite for the Great Kingston Two-year-old race at Sandown Park. Ridden by Tom Cannon, he won the race easily by two lengths from Yard Arm.[8]

In October he carried top weight for the seven-furlong Champion Nursery Handicap at Kempton Park. He was near the rear of the field from the start of the race and never challenged the leaders, finishing in seventh place behind winner Fleur de Lys.[9] In his final race of the season he carried top weight again for the Chesterfield Nursery Handicap at the Derby November Meeting. The race was won by Eulalia and Amphion was unable to finish in the top ten.[10]

1889: Three-year-old season[edit]

In April 1889 he started as the 5/2 favourite to win the Doveridge Handicap at Derby. He got to the front with a quarter of a mile left to run and went on to win by one and a half lengths from the colt Johnny Morgan.[11] In May he started as a 100/8 outsider for the Great Jubilee Stakes, run over one mile at Kempton Park. He got away to a good start and led the field, but was soon overtaken by Screech Owl, with Orbit following Amphion in third place. The first two places remained unchanged and Amphion moved up and overtook Screech Owl with about 300 yards left to run. Amphion then pulled away to win by three lengths from Screech Owl, with The Rejected a similar distance behind Screech Owl in third place.[12]

At Royal Ascot he started as the odds-on favourite for the five-furlong Fern Hill Stakes. In the early stages of the race he was second, behind leader L'Abbe Morin. Amphion closed right up to L'Abbe Morin with a quarter of a mile left to run. He overtook him in the closing stages to win easily by one and a half lengths.[13] At Glorious Goodwood he started at the odds of 100/14 for the six-furlong Stewards' Cup. As the field entered the closing stages of the race he closing in on leader Dog Rose (who was carrying a stone less weight), but just failed to catch him by a neck. Noble Chieftain was three quarters of a lengths behind Amphion in third place.[14] At the Newmarket Houghton Meeting, Amphion finished second in the Free Handicap Sweepstakes, two lengths behind winner Ormuz.[15] His final race as a three-year-old came in late November in the Manchester Handicap, run over one mile and six furlongs at Manchester Racecourse. He could not challenge the leaders and finished a long way behind winner Fallow Chat.[16]

1890: Four-year-old season[edit]

On 25 April 1890 he carried top wright in the Esher Stakes at Sandown Park. He never challenged the leaders but kept on to finish fourth behind winner Sainfoin.[17] In May he attempted to win a second Great Jubilee Stakes and was challenging until the final furlong, when he faded and finished in fifth place behind winner The Imp.[18] On 19 June at Royal Ascot, Lord George was his only opponent for the New Biennial Stakes. Amphion stayed behind Lord George until they entered the final furlong, where he pulled clear to win by one and a half lengths.[19] The following day he started in the Hardwicke Stakes.[20] Sainfoin, who had since won the Derby,[21] was the even money favourite.[20] Surefoot, who had won the 2000 Guineas,[22] was next in the betting at 2/1.[20] Amphion was priced at 6/1, with the other two runners, Hayraddin and Nunthorpe both on offer at 20/1. Hayraddin led Sainfoin and Amphion away from the start. After half a mile had been run Surefoot took third as Amphion dropped back. In the finishing straight Sainfoin pulled clear and was followed by Surefoot and Amphion. With one furlong left to run Surefoot began to fade and Amphion had drawn level with Sainfoin. Amphion took the lead and won by a length from Sainfoin, with Surefoot a further four lengths back in third place.[20]

On 8 September he started as the 11/8 favourite for the £11,000 Lancashire Plate at Manchester and was ridden by Tom Cannon. After the nine-runner field had run a furlong Amphion was in sixth place, with the filly by Foxhall leading the race by a couple of lengths. As they turned into the finishing straight, the Foxhall filly was just leading from Martago, with Orvieto in third place. At this point Orvieto swerved off the racing line and cut back in again. This caused interference to Amphion (who was nearly brought down), St. Serf and Orion. For a short time Cannon lost hold of the reins, but soon recovered. As they entered the final furlong, Margaton drew up to the long-time leader, the pair being just in front of Amphion. Cannon then asked Amphion for an effort and he took the lead and went on to win by one and a half lengths from Margaton. The Foxhall filly was third and Orion fourth.[23]

On 9 October, it was sunny at Newmarket, and the ground was hard. Only Amphion, Blue Green and Memoir started in the Champion Stakes. Blue Green led from Memoir in the early stages, with Amphion a couple of lengths behind the pair. Blue Green faded away with over two furlongs to run and Memoir took over the lead. Amphion then closed up to Memoir and drew past to win easily by three lengths from Memoir, with Blue Green (who finished lame) a distant third.[24] At the Newmarket Houghton meeting he finished second to Sheen in a £1,000 Plate. The pair had started as joint-favourites, but Sheen pulled away in the final two furlongs to win by three lengths.[25]

1891: Five-year-old season[edit]

Amphion reappeared as a four-year-old in the March Stakes at Newmarket on 30 April 1891. He started as the 5/2 favourite for the one-mile race, in which Cannon placed him at the rear of the field, which was led by Star and Le Nord. At the halfway point, Amphion had made up some ground and was just behind the leaders. He then went past them and won by one and a half lengths from the colt Mark Price, who was a neck in front of third placed Mons Meg.[26] At Royal Ascot in June he faced only two rivals in the Rous Memorial Stakes. He started as a long odds-on favourite and had the race won by the halfway point, cantering home to win by two lengths from Signorina.[27] He then walked over for the Stockbridge Cup later in the month.[28] On 23 September he ran in the Leicestershire Royal Handicap, which was run over about one mile at Leicester Racecourse. He was assigned a weight of 10 st 7 lb, with the next horse in the weights being Reverend at 8 st 12 lb.[29] By the end of his racing career he was won 14 of his 24 starts and earned almost £21,000 in prize money.[3]

Assessment[edit]

At the end of 1889 many people thought Amphion was a better horse than Donovan, who had won several top races that year, including the Derby, St. Leger and Lancashire Plate.[30]

Stud career[edit]

General Byrne declined an offer of 20,000 guineas for Amphion.[31] By the beginning of 1892 he had a full book of mares for both the 1892 and 1893 seasons at a fee of 150 guineas.[32] In 1894 he moved from the Royal Stud to Compton Stud in Sandley near Gillingham.[33] He became a successful stallion and his best racing progeny were:

Amphion had to be put down on 30 October 1906, after suffering from paralysis in his hind quarters.[40]

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Amphion, chestnut stallion, 1886[1]
Sire
Rosebery (GB; b. 1872)
Speculum (b. 1865) Vedette Voltigeur
Mrs. Ridgway
Doralice Orlando
Preserve
Ladylike (br. 1854) Newminster* Touchstone*
Beeswing
Zuleika Muley Moloch
Corumba
Dam
Suicide (GB)
br. 1876
Hermit (GB)
ch. 1864
Newminster*
b. 1848
Touchstone*
Beeswing
Seclusion
b. 1857
Tadmor
Miss Sellon
Ratcatcher's Daughter (GB)
br. 1862
Rataplan
ch. 1850
The Baron
Pocahontas
Lady Alicia
br. 1852
Melbourne
Testy

Note: b. = Bay, br. = Brown, ch. = Chestnut

* Amphion was inbred 4 × 4 × 5 to Touchstone. This means that the stallion appears twice in the fourth generation of his pedigree. He was also been inbred 3 × 3 to Newminster.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Amphion pedigree". equineline.com. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  2. ^ Racing Illustrated. books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  3. ^ a b c "SPORTING". Otago Witness. 27 October 1898.
  4. ^ a b "Sundridge". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  5. ^ "TALK OF THE DAY". Otago Witness. 28 June 1894. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  6. ^ "SPORTING INTELLIGENCE". Sheffield Independent. 21 April 1888.
  7. ^ "SPORTING INTELLIGENCE". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 27 June 1888.
  8. ^ "SANDOWN PARK SECOND". Otago Witness. 14 September 1888. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  9. ^ "SPORTING INTELLIGENCE". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 6 October 1888.
  10. ^ "SPORTING INTELLIGENCE". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 13 November 1888.
  11. ^ "SPORTING NEWS". Sheffield Independent. 15 April 1889.
  12. ^ "SPORTING INTELLIGENCE". Morning Post. 11 May 1889.
  13. ^ "Ascot". London Standard. 20 June 1889.
  14. ^ "RACING IN ENGLAND". Otago Witness. 26 September 1889. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  15. ^ "SPORTING INTELLIGENCE". Morning Post. 26 October 1889.
  16. ^ "SPORTING INTELLIGENCE". Morning Post. 25 November 1889.
  17. ^ "SPORTING INTELLIGENCE". Morning Post. 26 April 1890.
  18. ^ "Saturday, May 10". Otago Witness. 3 July 1890. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  19. ^ "SPORTING INTELLIGENCE". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 20 June 1890.
  20. ^ a b c d "ASCOT RACES". Morning Post. 21 June 1890.
  21. ^ "RESULT OF THE EPSOM DERBY". Auckland Star. 5 June 1890. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  22. ^ "THE TWO THOUSAND GUINEAS". Grey River Argus. 2 May 1890. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  23. ^ "RACING IN ENGLAND". Otago Witness. 20 November 1890. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  24. ^ "SPORTING INTELLIGENCE". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 24 October 1890.
  25. ^ "LATEST SPORTING NEWS". Manchester Evening News. 24 October 1890.
  26. ^ "NEWMARKET FIRST". Otago Witness. 25 June 1891. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  27. ^ "RACING IN ENGLAND". Otago Witness. 23 July 1891. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  28. ^ "STOCKBRIDGE MEETING". Nottingham Evening Post. 24 June 1891.
  29. ^ "RACING IN ENGLAND". Otago Witness. 19 November 1891. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  30. ^ "TALK OF THE DAY". Otago Witness. 26 September 1889. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  31. ^ "THE PRICES OF RACEHORSES". Aberdeen Evening Express. 22 July 1892.
  32. ^ "SPORTING SCRAPS AND GOSSIP". Hull Daily Mail. 5 January 1892.
  33. ^ "SPORTING NEWS". Taunton Courier, and Western Advertiser. 11 July 1894.
  34. ^ "RACING IN ENGLAND". Otago Witness. 24 October 1895. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  35. ^ "RACING IN ENGLAND". Otago Witness. 16 September 1897. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  36. ^ a b "LIVERPOOL. Wednesday, July 20". Otago Witness. 15 September 1898. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  37. ^ "IN A NUTSHELL". Otago Witness. 4 November 1897. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  38. ^ "RACING IN ENGLAND". Otago Witness'. 7 December 1899. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  39. ^ "RACING IN ENGLAND". Otago Witness. 24 July 1907. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  40. ^ "DEATH OF AMPHION". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 2 November 1906.