Amphiprostyle

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Northeast view of the Temple of Athena Nike, a amphiprostyle temple.

In classical architecture, amphiprostyle (from the Greek ἀμφί (amphi), on both sides, and πρόστυλος (prostylos), a portico) denotes a temple with a portico both at the front and the rear.[1] The number of columns rarely exceeded four in the front and four in the rear. The best-known example is the tetrastyle small Temple of Athena Nike at Athens. Other known examples are the Temple of Artemis Agrotera outside Athens,[2] and the hexastyle Temple of the Athenians at Delos.[3]

Amphiprostyle temples without columns on the sides may be termed "apteral" (from the Greek απτερος, "wingless": α-, "without" + πτερον, "wing"). The Athena Nike temple is one such example.[4]

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  1. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Amphiprostyle". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 891.
  2. ^ "Ναός Αργοτέρας Αρτέμιδος - Welcome". www.artemisagrotera.org.
  3. ^ "Delos, Athenian Temple of Apollo (Building)". www.perseus.tufts.edu.
  4. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Apteral". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 234.

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