Khon San District

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Khon San
คอนสาร
Amphoe
Amphoe location in Chaiyaphum Province
Amphoe location in Chaiyaphum Province
Coordinates: 16°36′48″N 101°55′11″E / 16.61333°N 101.91972°E / 16.61333; 101.91972Coordinates: 16°36′48″N 101°55′11″E / 16.61333°N 101.91972°E / 16.61333; 101.91972
Country  Thailand
Province Chaiyaphum
Seat Khon San
Area
 • Total 966.665 km2 (373.231 sq mi)
Population (2000)
 • Total 58,867
 • Density 60.9/km2 (158/sq mi)
Time zone THA (UTC+7)
Postal code 36180
Geocode 3613

Khon San (Thai: คอนสาร) is the northernmost district (amphoe) of Chaiyaphum Province, northeastern Thailand.

History[edit]

In the early of the Rattanakosin era at the end of the 18th century, Mr. Phumi lead the people from Mueang Nakhon Thai, a subordinate of Phitsanulok, to establish their new town in this area. Mr. Phumi who was the town leader sent tribute to King Rama I. The King promoted him to be Muen Aram Kamhaeng and Luang Phichit Songkhram later, the first governor position of Khon San.

As the way from Bangkok to Khon San was so long, government officers had to carry royal command documents (Thai: San สาร) by a wooden bar on their shoulders. This method of carrying is called Khon (คอน) in Thai.

In the reign of King Rama V, the town was downgraded to be a tambon of Phu Khiao district. On August 16, 1958 it was again separated from Phu Khiao and became a minor district (King Amphoe), then containing the three tambon Khon San, Nun Khun and Thung Phra.[1] It was official upgraded to a full district On December 10, 1959.[2]

Geography[edit]

View from the main intersection of Highway 12 in Khon San township towards the Phetchabun Mountains to the west

Neighboring districts are (from the north clockwise) Phu Pha Man and Chum Phae of Khon Kaen Province, Phu Khiao, Kaset Sombun and Nong Bua Daeng of Chaiyaphum Province, and Mueang Phetchabun, Lom Sak and Nam Nao of Phetchabun Province.

In the south of the district is the Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary. The Chulabhorn Dam creates an artificial lake out of the Nam Phrom river, covering about 12 km². The 700 metres long and 70 metres high dam was finished in 1973 and is used for generating hydroelectric power.

Administration[edit]

The district is subdivided into 8 subdistricts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 83 villages (muban). Khon San is also the only township (thesaban tambon of the district, covering parts of the tambon Khon San and Dong Bang. There are further 8 Tambon administrative organizations (TAO).

1. Khon San คอนสาร
2. Thung Phra ทุ่งพระ
3. Non Khun โนนคูณ
4. Huai Yang ห้วยยาง
5. Thung Luilai ทุ่งลุยลาย
6. Dong Bang ดงบัง
7. Thung Na Lao ทุ่งนาเลา
8. Dong Klang ดงกลาง

References[edit]

  1. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง ยกฐานะตำบลขึ้นเป็นกิ่งอำเภอ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 75 (72 ง): 2539. September 16, 1958. 
  2. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกาตั้งอำเภอชุมพวง อำเภอเชียงยืน อำเภอแก้งคร้อ อำเภอสำโรงทาบ อำเภอคอนสาร อำเภอเซกา อำเภอทุ่งเสลี่ยม อำเภอบ้านด่าน อำเภอขนอม อำเภอบ้านแพรก อำเภอกระทู้ และอำเภอคลองใหญ่ พ.ศ. ๒๕๐๒ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 76 (113 ก special): 8–11. December 10, 1959. 

External links[edit]