La-ngu District

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La-ngu

ละงู
Tambon Pak Nam, La-ngu District
Tambon Pak Nam, La-ngu District
District location in Satun Province
District location in Satun Province
Coordinates: 6°51′50″N 99°48′9″E / 6.86389°N 99.80250°E / 6.86389; 99.80250Coordinates: 6°51′50″N 99°48′9″E / 6.86389°N 99.80250°E / 6.86389; 99.80250
CountryThailand
ProvinceSatun
SeatLa-ngu
Area
 • Total380.35 km2 (146.85 sq mi)
Population
 (2005)
 • Total63,933
 • Density168.1/km2 (435/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code91110
Geocode9105

La-ngu (Thai: ละงู, pronounced [lā.ŋūː]) is a district (amphoe) of Satun Province, southern Thailand. La-ngu's port, Pak Bara, is the ferry port year-round for boats going to most of the islands in Tarutao Marine National Park, which includes Ko Lipe. It is now the proposed site of Thailand's deep-seaport on the Andaman Sea.

History[edit]

La-ngu was one of the three original districts of Satun, at first a minor district (king amphoe) under Thung Wa District. When the pepper production in Thung Wa District declined in the 1910s, many natives moved to the farmland of La-ngu. In 1930 the government adjusted the administrative structure to match the changed economic situation, making La-ngu a district and reducing Thung Wa to a minor district under La-ngu.[1]

At first subdivided into seven tambon, in 1940 these were reduced to five.[2] The sixth tambon, Khao Khao, was created on 1 August 1978.[3]

Geography[edit]

Neighboring districts are (from the north clockwise) Thung Wa, Manang, Khuan Kalong, and Tha Phae. To the west is the Andaman Sea.

A big part of the shoreline of the district as well as several islands are part of the Mu Ko Phetra National Park.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The Maniq people, from the Negrito ethnic group which immigrated from the northern states of Malaysia, inhabit the Banthat Mountains in tambon Nam Phut of La-ngu District.[4]

Administration[edit]

The district is divided into six sub-districts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 64 villages (muban). Kamphaeng is a township (thesaban tambon) which covers parts of tambon Kamphaeng. There are a further six tambon administrative organizations (TAO).

No. Name Thai name Villages Pop.     
1. Kamphaeng กำแพง 12 16,915
2. La-ngu ละงู 18 19,796
3. Khao Khao เขาขาว 7 6,020
4. Pak Nam ปากน้ำ 11 9,757
5. Nam Phut น้ำผุด 6 7,982
6. Laem Son แหลมสน 10 3,463

Pak Bara deep-seaport[edit]

For more than two decades,[5] plans for a deep-seaport at Pak Bara in La-ngu District have been vetted by the government, only to be dropped, then revived by successive governments. The seaport will be linked to a port in Songkhla on the Gulf of Thailand. The port will be capable of accommodating 825,000 TEU of cargo per year[6] as well as supertankers. It would mean that vessels would not have to sail through the Malacca Straits, notorious for pirate attacks, to reach deep seaports at Laem Chabang or Bangkok. Construction of the port would involve the creation of an artificial island 430 m wide and one kilometre long, an area of 292 rai about four kilometres offshore connected by a bridge. The project includes the construction of roads, port facilities and railway lines, all totalling about 4,734 rai (757 hectares).[5][7]

In his televised address of 17 April 2014, Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha, once again proposed that the project go ahead.[8] The project has been vociferously opposed by environmental groups and many local residents. Prayut said the port would be Thailand's gateway to the Andaman Sea, linking the country with Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. He went on to say, "I ask that conflicts in this area be halted. The government will help those affected by this project." Locals say marine traffic, pollution and contamination from logistic and petroleum activities will ruin the environment. The seaport and shipping lanes encroach on Mu Ko Phetra National Park, a source of local food and tourist revenue for locals.[9] Construction of the seaport would mean that some of the national park would lose its protected status.[10]

A strategic environmental assessment (SEA) was initiated in 2003, to be submitted in April 2016 at a cost of 50 million baht.[5] An environmental impact assessment (EIA) was completed and approved in June 2009. At that time the project's owner, the Marine Department, was ordered to conduct an environmental and health impact assessment (EHIA), budgeted at 118 million baht. The EHIA was started in March 2015.[6]

In July 2018 the Ministry of Transport "shelved" the 9.7 billion baht project "...to avoid fuelling conflicts between residents and state officials,..."[11] The port's construction would have required the expropriation of about 7,400 rai of land close to Ko Petra Marine National Park. A government source said, "...it is about time to shelve the project because we cannot proceed with conducting an environmental impact assessment and public hearings as local villagers usually refuse to participate,..."[11] The suspension of the project immediately raised suspicions that the move was a ploy by the government to revive its popularity ahead of the 2019 elections after a series of public relations set-backs. A Bangkok Post editorial explained that, "...in Thailand, 'being shelved' is a synonym for buying time—most controversial projects re-emerge after public attention fades."[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง ย้ายสับเปลี่ยนที่ว่าการอำเภอ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 47 (0 ก): 193. 1930-09-14.
  2. ^ ข้อมูลทั่วไป (in Thai). La-ngu police station.
  3. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง ตั้งและเปลี่ยนแปลงเขตตำบลในท้องที่อำเภอละงู จังหวัดสตูล (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 95 (95 ง): 2966–2968. September 12, 1978.
  4. ^ Laohong, King-Oua (23 December 2017). "Sea gypsies want a chance to settle down". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  5. ^ a b c Mahitthirook, Amornrat; Wangkiat, Paritta (2015-05-12). "Prajin sets deadline for Pak Bara port plan" (Paywall). Bangkok Post. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  6. ^ a b Rujivanarom, Pratch (17 March 2017). "Protesters celebrate as public hearing on proposed Pak Bara seaport is cancelled". The Nation. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  7. ^ Wangkiat, Paritta (17 March 2017). "Rally blocks deep-sea port public hearing". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  8. ^ "PM intends to pursue Pak Bara seaport project". The Nation. 2015-04-19. Retrieved 19 Apr 2015.
  9. ^ "Mu Ko Phetra National Park". Department of National Parks, Thailand. Retrieved 19 Apr 2015.
  10. ^ "PM under fire for reviving Pak Bara port". Bangkok Post. 2015-04-19. Retrieved 19 Apr 2015.
  11. ^ a b Hongtong, Thodsapol (19 July 2018). "Pak Bara port plans shelved, source says". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  12. ^ "Pak Bara port delay move raises doubts" (Opinion). Bangkok Post. 22 July 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.

External links[edit]