Mueang Samut Sakhon District

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Mueang Samut Sakhon

เมืองสมุทรสาคร
Ban Kalong Halt on the Maeklong line, Tambon Kalong, Mueang Samut Sakhon District
Ban Kalong Halt on the Maeklong line, Tambon Kalong, Mueang Samut Sakhon District
District location in Samut Sakhon Province
District location in Samut Sakhon Province
Coordinates: 13°32′54″N 100°16′24″E / 13.54833°N 100.27333°E / 13.54833; 100.27333Coordinates: 13°32′54″N 100°16′24″E / 13.54833°N 100.27333°E / 13.54833; 100.27333
CountryThailand
ProvinceSamut Sakhon
Area
 • Total492.04 km2 (189.98 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total293,723
 • Density596.94/km2 (1,546.1/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code74000
Geocode7401

Mueang Samut Sakhon (Thai: เมืองสมุทรสาคร, pronounced [mɯ̄a̯ŋ sā.mùt sǎː.kʰɔ̄ːn]) is the capital district (amphoe mueang) of Samut Sakhon Province, central Thailand.

History[edit]

Mueang Tha Chin dates back to the Ayutthaya Kingdom. The city was managed by the Defence ministry. King Maha Chakkraphat ordered Mueang Sakhon Buri to be established. King Mongkut (Rama IV) changed the city name to Samut Sakhon. In 1897 Mueang Samut Sakhon a district.[citation needed]

Locals still refer to Mueang Samut Sakhon District by its old name, Mahachai.

Geography[edit]

Neighboring districts are (from the west clockwise): Mueang Samut Songkhram of Samut Songkhram Province; Ban Phaeo and Krathum Baen of Samut Sakhon Province; and Bang Bon and Bang Khun Thian of Bangkok. To the south is the Bay of Bangkok.

Environment[edit]

Samut Sakhon Province has more than 6,000 small- and medium-sized factories, many of them in this district. Soil and water samples from the industrial area of Mueang District were found to be contaminated with high levels of arsenic, lead, cadmium, chromium, zinc, copper, and nickel. High levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPS), byproducts of industrial processes, were present in eggs from free-range chickens. An egg tested by researchers was found to have 84 nanograms per kilogram of dioxins and furans, a level 33 times higher than the safety limit observed by the European Union.[1]

Administration[edit]

The district is divided into 18 subdistricts (tambons), which are further subdivided into 116 villages (mubans). Samut Sakhon itself has city status (thesaban nakhon) and covers the three subdistricts Maha Chai, Tha Chalom, and Krokkrak. Bang Pla is a subdistrict municipality (thesaban tambon) which covers parts of the same-named subdistrict. Three other subdistricts completely form a subdistrict municipality: Na Di, Bang Ya Phraek and Tha Chin. The non-municipal area is administered by 12 tambon administrative organizations (TAO).

Tha Chin River Ferry. The Tha Chin River divides Mueang Samut Sakhon into two parts, Mahachai and Tha Chalom
Map of tambon
No. Name Thai Villages Pop.
01. Mahachai มหาชัย - 68,208
02. Tha Chalom ท่าฉลอม - 08,604
03. Krokkrak โกรกกราก - 05,052
04. Ban Bo บ้านบ่อ 09 08,661
05. Bang Tho Rat บางโทรัด 10 08,585
06. Kalong กาหลง 08 04,822
07. Na Khok นาโคก 06 03,750
08. Tha Chin ท่าจีน 07 012,317
09. Na Di นาดี 09 26,654
10. Tha Sai ท่าทราย 08 29,972
11. Khok Krabue คอกกระบือ 06 09,737
12. Bang Nam Chuet บางน้ำจืด 06 13,505
13. Phanthai Norasing พันท้ายนรสิงห์ 08 29,059
14. Khok Kham โคกขาม 10 22,622
15. Ban Ko บ้านเกาะ 08 10,237
16. Bang Krachao บางกระเจ้า 09 010,849
17. Bang Ya Phraek บางหญ้าแพรก 06 24,712
18. Chai Mongkhon ชัยมงคล 06 04,002

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kongrut, Anchalee (9 February 2020). "Pollution taints seaside community's prosperity". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 10 February 2020.

External links[edit]