Phaya Mengrai District

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Phaya Mengrai
พญาเม็งราย
Amphoe
Amphoe location in Chiang Rai Province
Amphoe location in Chiang Rai Province
Coordinates: 19°50′56″N 100°9′13″E / 19.84889°N 100.15361°E / 19.84889; 100.15361Coordinates: 19°50′56″N 100°9′13″E / 19.84889°N 100.15361°E / 19.84889; 100.15361
Country Thailand
Province Chiang Rai
Seat Mengrai
Area
 • Total 620.0 km2 (239.4 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 41,972
 • Density 67.7/km2 (175/sq mi)
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Postal code 57290
Geocode 5712

Phaya Mengrai (Thai: พญาเม็งราย; IPA: [pʰá.jāː mēŋ.rāːj]) is a district (amphoe) of Chiang Rai Province, northern Thailand.

Geography[edit]

Neighboring districts are (from the west clockwise) Wiang Chai, Wiang Chiang Rung, Chiang Khong, Khun Tan and Thoeng of Chiang Rai Province.

History[edit]

The minor district (king amphoe) was created on 5 May 1981, when the three tambon Mae Pao, Mae Tam, and Mai Ya were split off from Thoeng district.[1] It was upgraded to a full district on 12 August 1987.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The district is named after King Mengrai, the founder of the Lanna kingdom of northern Thailand.

Economy[edit]

Tambon Phay Mengrai is the site of a 2,700 rai Cavindish banana plantation owned and operated by the Chinese firm, Hongta International, a major local employer. The Cavendish banana is controversial as its cultivation requires the intensive use of chemical pesticides to yield harvests for export.[3] The Mekong-Lanna nature conservation network has accused the Chinese plantation of heavy use of pesticides and excessive water takings from Mae Ing Creek. These charges are as yet unsustantiated (2016).[4]

Administration[edit]

The district is divided into five sub-districts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 69 villages (muban). Phaya Mengrai is a township (thesaban tambon) which covers parts of tambon Mengrai and Mae Pao. There are a further five tambon administrative organizations (TAO).

No. Name Thai name Villages Pop.
1. Mae Pao แม่เปา 19 11,302
2. Mae Tam แม่ต๋ำ 11 5,026
3. Mai Ya ไม้ยา 17 11,069
4. Mengrai เม็งราย 14 9,899
5. Tat Khwan ตาดควัน 8 4,676

References[edit]

External links[edit]