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Virus classification
Group: Group I (dsDNA)
Family: Ampullaviridae
Genus: Ampullavirus
Type Species

Ampullavirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Ampullaviridae. Genus acidianus serve as natural hosts. There are currently only one species in this genus: the type species Acidianus bottle-shaped virus.[1][2]


Group: dsDNA



Viruses in Ampullavirus are enveloped. Genomes are linear, around 239kb in length. The genome has 56 open reading frames.[1]

Genus Structure Symmetry Capsid Genomic Arrangement Genomic Segmentation
Ampullavirus Bottle-shaped Enveloped Linear Monopartite

Life Cycle[edit]

Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by virus attaches to host cell. Dna templated transcription is the method of transcription. Genus acidianus serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are passive diffusion.[1]

Genus Host Details Tissue Tropism Entry Details Release Details Replication Site Assembly Site Transmission
Ampullavirus Archea: acidianus None Injection Budding Cytoplasm Cytoplasm Passive diffusion


  1. ^ a b c "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. 

External links[edit]