Amreli

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Amreli
અમરેલી
अमरेली
city
Amreli Tower
Amreli Tower
Amreli is located in Gujarat
Amreli
Amreli
Amreli is located in India
Amreli
Amreli
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 21°36′N 71°13′E / 21.60°N 71.22°E / 21.60; 71.22Coordinates: 21°36′N 71°13′E / 21.60°N 71.22°E / 21.60; 71.22
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Amreli
Elevation 128 m (420 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 105,573[1]
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi & English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 365601
Telephone code 02792
Vehicle registration GJ 14
Website collectoramreli.gujarat.gov.in

Amreli is a city and a municipality in Amreli district of the Saurashtra region in the state of Gujarat, India. It is district headquarter.

History[edit]

It is believed that during the year 534 AD Amreli existed was formerly known as Anumanji, Amlik and then Amravati. The city is named in ancient Gujrati as Amarvalli. It is learnt from the inscription that Nagnath temple that ancient name of Amreli city was Amarpalli. It was also called Girvanvalli. Amongst the remains of the ancient town are the memorial stones or paliyas and foundations discovered in the fork of the Thebi and Vari rivers, and two old temples, Kamnath and Trimbaknath, on the west and east of the river.[2]

In the eighteenth century only the west and south of modern Amreli, still called Juni or Old Amreli, were inhabited. The old inner fort, called Juna Kot, was used as a jail, and the Juna Masjid near it, belong to the old town. Modern Amreli dates from 1793, when Vakhatsingh of Bhavnagar sacked the neighboring Kathi possession of Chital and drove many of its people to Amreli and Jetpur.[2]

Initially Amreli was the part of the former Gaekwad of Vadodara. Very little information on historical background is available for Amreli District prior to becoming part of erstwhile Baroda State.

When Damajirao Gaekwad, the Maratha general, came to Kathiawad in about 1730, three parties viz Kathis of Devalia carter, some Saiyads holding sanads of lands obtained for the king of Delhi, and Faujdar of Junagadh, subordinate to suba of Ahmedabad, held sway. Damajirao and the Maratha forces defeated all three and levied tribute on all of them. Later Damajirao Gaekwad, established military camps at Amreli and Lathi in 1742-43 A.D. In 1800, the then Gaekwads appointed (1810-1815) Vithalrao Devaji (Dighe/Kathewad Diwanji) as Sar Subah of the Gaekwad's Kathiawad possessions. Vithalrao Devaji settled in Amreli and developed the city and its surrounding regions over the next 20 years. It was during this period that Amreli became a proper city. He built many works of public utility ; among others, temples, offices, a market, and a dam for the water-supply of the town.[2] It was under Amreli-Okhamandal division, one of four divisions of Baroda State.

During the Gaekwad regime in 1886, compulsory and free education policy was adopted in Amreli for the first time. After Indian independence in 1947, the district became the part of Saurashtra State which was later merged with Bombay State in 1956. After bifurcation of Bombay State in 1960 into Gujarat and Maharashtra, it became part of Gujarat under Amreli district.

Attractions[3][edit]

Most part of the commercial area is called Tower Road stretching from Tower to the Main Bus stand and further to Gopi Cinema.

  • Nagnath Temple (built by Vithalrao Devaji)
  • Swaminarayan Temple
  • Trimandir[4]
  • Kamnath Dam & Mahadev Temple
  • Dwarkadhish Haveli
  • Jafari Mazaar (Bohra Dargah of Jafarji Moala)
  • Siddhi Vinayak Temple
  • Guru Datta Temple
  • Rokadiya Hanuman Temple
  • Balaji Hanuman Temple
  • Sai Baba Temple (Sardarnagar)
  • Gayatri Temple
  • Sukhnath Mahadev Temple
  • Rameshwar mahadev Temple
  • Mahatma Muldas Bapu Dham
  • Jivan Mukteshwar Temple
  • Balaji Hanumanji (Rangpur Road)
  • Dada bhagvan temple
  • Tower of Amreli
  • Palace of King
  • Shri Girdharilal Sangrahalaya Children Museum and Computer Education Centre(E-Library)
  • Gandhi Bag (Gandhi Garden)
  • Kailash Muktidham
  • Kamani Forward High School
  • Kamani Science & Prataprai Arts College

Attractions (Surrounding Amreli)[edit]

  • Shri Bhojalram Dham or Bhojaldham near Fatepur, located 7km southerly to Amreli
  • Garaneshvar Mahadev Temple, Garni
  • Bhurakhiya Hanuman Temple, Lathi[5]
  • Pania Wildlife Sanctuary, Gir
  • Swaminarayan Gurukul, Taravada
  • Dhari Khodiyar Dam & Galadhara Khodiyar Mata Temple, Dhari
  • Balmukund haveli, Dharai
  • Dhari Gir National sanctuary, Gir
  • Yogiji Temple, Dhari
  • Dan gigave ashram and temple or Danevdham, Chalala[6]
  • Leuva Patel Sankul
  • Varhaswarup Temple, Jafrabad
  • Sarkeshwar Mahadev Temple, Jafrabad
  • Ratneshwar Mahadev Temple, Jafrabad
  • Lunasapuriya Temple, Jafrabad
  • Shiyal bet, Jafrabad
  • Jafrabad Fort, Jafrabad
  • Pipavav Port, Rajula
  • Pipavav Dham, Rajula
  • Ballad Mata Mandir, Rajula
  • Chanch Bungalow, Rajula
  • UltraTech Cement Factory, Rajula
  • Sana Vakya Caves, Timbi
  • Hanuman Gala, Khambha
  • Pandav Kund, Babra
  • Dadva Randal Mata Temple, Babra
  • Varahi Mata Temple, Savarkundla
  • Varudi Mata Temple, Amarpur(Varudi)
  • There is a well near the Government offices, called Bakshi-kua from Nana Bakshi in the time of Vithalrao, who built it.[2]
  • The Mir Sahib's Haveli was erected about 1850 by Mir Sarfardz Ali; former manager of Amreli, for his own residence.[2]

Famous people[edit]

  • Dhanani Pareshbhai Dhirubhai is farmer, social worker & Politician, current MLA of Amreli Constituency from Indian National Congress Party.
  • Toofan Rafai, famous painter and craft artist. Ahmedabad
  • Dilip Sanghvi, said to be 2nd richest person in India.
  • K Lal Magician, a magician born in Mavjinjava village, Amreli district.
  • Yogiji Maharaj - Sadhu Gnãnjivandas (May 23, 1892 – January 23, 1971), commonly known as Yogiji Maharaj, was a Hindu sadhu and guru who is recognized as the fourth spiritual successor to Swaminarayan by the Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam
  • Dina Pathak is famous Bollywood actress & president of National Federation of Indian Women.
  • Dr. N. D. Rathod, a leading research scientist hailed from Amreli. Dr. Rathod’s research areas are Agriculture, Agri-ecology, Plant Physiology and grassland. His research work honored by the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (a former name of Texas A&M University, USA). He has served in the field as a research head, fellow and scientist. He has practiced his research work for Gujarat Agriculture University (India), Texas A&M University (USA); including research projects of the World Bank. Dr. Rathod has also served as a head research scientist at South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).
  • Ramesh Oza, is a Hindu preacher famous for Bhagwat Kathakar from a small village Devka near Rajula of Amreli district
  • Savji Dhanji Dholakia, the Indian diamond merchant from Surat and the founder of Hari Krishna Exports Pvt. Ltd., hails from Dudhala village.[7][8]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[9] Amreli had a population of 90,243. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Amreli has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 55% of the males and 45% of females literate. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age

  • Area - 6,760 km².
  • Population - 12,52,589
  • Male Literacy - 81.82%
  • Female Literacy - 66.97%
  • Headquarters - Amreli
  • Talukas - 11
  • Villages - 595

References[edit]

External links[edit]

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Kathiawar. VIII. Printed at the Government Central Press, Bombay. 1884. pp. 366–367.