Amrit Rai

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Amrit Rai (c. 1921 – September 1996) was a noted writer in Hindi and Urdu. He was a poet and a biographer too. He was the son of Munshi Premchand, a pioneer of modern Urdu literature and Hindi literature.

A prolific writer, Rai made his literary debut with novel Beej in 1952, (1952), and went on to write an acclaimed biography of his father, Premchand, Kalam ka Sipahi (1970), which later won him the Sahitya Akademi award for 1971.[1]

He also co-edited Chitthi Patri (1962), a two-volume book on the letters of Premchand along with his biographer, Madan Gopal. In 1982, he donated a collection of his father's 236 letters to the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library (NMML) at Teen Murti House, Delhi.[2] His A House Divided is an influential account of how the shared Hindi/Hindavī (हिन्दवी, ہندوی) linguistic tradition became differentiated into Modern Standard Hindi and Urdu.

Rai died in Allahabad, in September 1996 at the age of 75.[1]


  • Rai, Amrit. Premchand: A Life. Harish Trivedi, translator. New Delhi: People's Publishing House, 1982.
  • Rai, Amrit. A House Divided: The Origin and Development of Hindi/Hindavi. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1984.


  1. ^ a b "Amrit Rai, prolific Hindi writer & son of Munshi Premchand, passes away in Allahabad". India Today. Oct 16, 2012. Retrieved 2013-10-30. 
  2. ^ "New light on Premchand". The Hindu. August 10, 2012. Retrieved 2013-10-30.