Amritsar–Pathankot line

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Amritsar–Pathankot line
(including Dera Baba Nanak branch line)
Overview
System Diesel-operated
Status Operational
Locale Punjab
Termini Amritsar
Pathankot Junction
Operation
Opened 1884
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) Northern Railway
Technical
Track length 107 km (66 mi)
Number of tracks 1 (Single line)
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge
Highest elevation Amitsar 233 m (764 ft), Pathankot Junction 331 m (1,086 ft)
Route map
km
to
Kangra Valley Railway
(Narrow Gauge)
107 Pathankot Junction
to Jalandhar-Jammu line
Pathankot Cantonment
104 Bharoli
to Jalandhar-Jammu line
100 Sarna
95 Jakolari
Road marker IN NH.svg National Highway 15
88 Parna Nand
83 Dina Nagar
72 Gurdaspur
Road marker IN SH.svg State Highway 25
Road marker IN NH.svg National Highway 15
66 Jhawar
62 Sohal
58 Dhariwal
Road marker IN NH.svg National Highway 15
51 Chhina
Qadian
Dera Baba Nanak Road
39 Batala
29 Jaintipura
19 Kathunangal
54 Dera Baba Nanak
Road marker IN SH.svg State Highway 25
48 Ratar Chattar
42 Ramdas
37 Hardorawal
31 Fategarh Churian
26 Kotla Gujran
19 Majitha
8 Verka
Road marker IN NH.svg National Highway 15
Road marker IN NH.svg
National Highway 1
(Grand Trunk Road)
to Ambala-Attari line
0 Amritsar
to Khem Karan
to Attari

The Amritsar–Pathankot line is a railway line connecting Amritsar and Pathankot Junction both in the Indian state of Punjab . The line is under the administrative jurisdiction of Northern Railway.

History[edit]

The 107 km (66 mi) long 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge Amritsar–Pathankot line was opened in 1884.[1] It originally belonged to the local government and was transferred to North Western Railway in 1892.[2]

The Amritsar-Dera Baba Nanak branch line serves the western part of Batala tahsil. Prior to the partition of India in 1947, this line linked to Sialkot (now in Pakistan), but after partition Dera Baba Nanak became the terminus. The Batala-Qadian link serves the eastern part of Batala tahsil.[1] The Amritsar-Sialkot line ran thus: Amritsar-Dera Baba Nanak-Narowal-Sialkot.[3]

As of 2013, the Lahore-Narowal-Sialkot railway line passes near the India-Pakistan border through the western outskirts of Narowal, just opposite Dera Baba Nanak, before turning north-westwards to Pasrur and Sialkot.[4]

During the 2015 Gurdaspur attack, disaster was averted on this line as a railway lineman, Ashwani Saini, noticed a bomb on the track and alerted the authorities before the next train arrived. He also ran down the line waving a red flag to alert the driver of the next train to stop. The train that was due to traverse this track, with more than 270 people on board, stopped only a hundred yards from the bomb.[5]

Railway workshop[edit]

Amritsar railway workshop carries out periodic overhaul of WDS-4 locos and breakdown cranes and bogie manufacture.[6]

Passenger movement[edit]

Amritsar is the only station on this line which is amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[7]

Railway reorganisation[edit]

Sind Railway (later reorganised as Sind, Punjab and Delhi Railway) was formed a guaranteed railway in 1856. It constructed broad gauge railways from Delhi to Multan via Lahore, and from Karachi to Kotri. Multan and Kotri were connected by ferry service on the Indus River. In 1871-72, Indus Valley Railway was formed to connect Multan and Kotri. At the same time, Punjab Northern State Railway started constructing from Lahore towards Peshawar. In 1886, Sind, Punjab and Delhi Railway was acquired by the state and amalgamated with Indus Valley Railway and Punjab Northern State Railway to form North-Western State Railway.[8]

With the partition of India in 1947, North Western Railway was split. While the western portion became Pakistan West Railway, and later Pakistan Railways, the eastern part became Eastern Punjab Railway.[9] In 1952, Northern Railway was formed with a portion of East Indian Railway Company west of Mughalsarai, Jodhpur Railway, Bikaner Railway and Eastern Punjab Railway.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Chapter VII". Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  2. ^ "Digital South Asia Library". Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 20, p. 325. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  3. ^ Bhuyan, Mohan. "International Links from India". IRFCA. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Bajwa, Farooq (2013-09-30). From Kutch to Tashkent: The Indo-Pakistan War of 1965. London: C. Hurst & Co. (Publishers) Ltd. p. 256. ISBN 978-1-84904-230-7. Retrieved 11 February 2014 – via Google Books. 
  5. ^ Pubby, Vipin (28 July 2015). "How two Gurdaspur bravehearts foiled worst terror attack on Punjab". Daily O. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  6. ^ "Sheds and workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  7. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  8. ^ "Digital South Asia Library". Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 3, p. 398. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  9. ^ SM Imamul Haque. "Management of Indian Railways, 1989". Readings in Indian Railway Finance by KB Verma, P 136. Mittal Publications,A 1/8 Mohan Garden, New Delhi 110059. ISBN 81-7099-183-8. Retrieved 31 January 2014 – via Google Books. 
  10. ^ "Geography – Railway Zones". IRFCA. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 

External links[edit]