(including Dera Baba Nanak branch line)
|Track length||107 km (66 mi)|
|Number of tracks||1 (Single line)|
|Track gauge||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge|
|Highest elevation||Amitsar 233 m (764 ft), Pathankot Junction 331 m (1,086 ft)|
The 107 km (66 mi) long 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge Amritsar–Pathankot line was opened in 1884. It originally belonged to the local government and was transferred to North Western Railway in 1892.
The Amritsar-Dera Baba Nanak branch line serves the western part of Batala tahsil. Prior to the partition of India in 1947, this line linked to Sialkot (now in Pakistan), but after partition Dera Baba Nanak became the terminus. The Batala-Qadian link serves the eastern part of Batala tahsil. The Amritsar-Sialkot line ran thus: Amritsar-Dera Baba Nanak-Narowal-Sialkot.
As of 2013, the Lahore-Narowal-Sialkot railway line passes near the India-Pakistan border through the western outskirts of Narowal, just opposite Dera Baba Nanak, before turning north-westwards to Pasrur and Sialkot.
During the 2015 Gurdaspur attack, disaster was averted on this line as a railway lineman, Ashwani Saini, noticed a bomb on the track and alerted the authorities before the next train arrived. He also ran down the line waving a red flag to alert the driver of the next train to stop. The train that was due to traverse this track, with more than 270 people on board, stopped only a hundred yards from the bomb.
Amritsar railway workshop carries out periodic overhaul of WDS-4 locos and breakdown cranes and bogie manufacture.
Sind Railway (later reorganised as Sind, Punjab and Delhi Railway) was formed a guaranteed railway in 1856. It constructed broad gauge railways from Delhi to Multan via Lahore, and from Karachi to Kotri. Multan and Kotri were connected by ferry service on the Indus River. In 1871-72, Indus Valley Railway was formed to connect Multan and Kotri. At the same time, Punjab Northern State Railway started constructing from Lahore towards Peshawar. In 1886, Sind, Punjab and Delhi Railway was acquired by the state and amalgamated with Indus Valley Railway and Punjab Northern State Railway to form North-Western State Railway.
With the partition of India in 1947, North Western Railway was split. While the western portion became Pakistan West Railway, and later Pakistan Railways, the eastern part became Eastern Punjab Railway. In 1952, Northern Railway was formed with a portion of East Indian Railway Company west of Mughalsarai, Jodhpur Railway, Bikaner Railway and Eastern Punjab Railway.
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