Amritsar district

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Amritsar district
Located in the northwest part of the state
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 31°35′N 74°59′E / 31.583°N 74.983°E / 31.583; 74.983Coordinates: 31°35′N 74°59′E / 31.583°N 74.983°E / 31.583; 74.983
Country India
StatePunjab
Named forSuffice of Amrit
HeadquartersAmritsar
Government
 • Commissioner of PoliceG. Nageswara Rao, IPS
Area
 • Total2,683 km2 (1,036 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total2,490,656
 • Density930/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationPB-01(commercial) PB-02, PB-14, PB-17, PB-18, PB-81, PB-89
Literacy (7+)76.27%
Websiteamritsar.nic.in

Amritsar district is one of 22 districts located in the Majha region of the Indian state of Punjab. The city of Amritsar is the headquarters of this district.

As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Punjab (out of 22), after Ludhiana.

History[edit]

During British Rule Amritsar District was part of Lahore Division and was administratively subdivided into 3 tehsils namely - Amritsar, Ajnala and Tarn Taran.[2] However, as part of the partition of India in 1947 Amritsar district was separated from the rest of the division and awarded to India. However, some parts like Patti & Khem Karan falls in the Lahore District but due to partition, these towns became the part of Amritsar District. During the partition period, the Muslim population of the district, some 46%, left for Pakistan while Hindus and Sikhs from West Punjab in newly created Pakistan migrated in the opposite direction. The Sikhs and Hindus (37% and 15.38%) were a majority in the Amritsar district constituting about 52% of the population together before the partition of 1947.

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Amritsar district[3]
Religion Percent
Sikhism
68.94%
Hinduism
27.74%
Christianity
2.18%
Islam
0.50%
Others
0.64%

According to the 2011 census Amritsar district has a population of 2,490,656,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[4] or the US state of Nevada.[5] The number of literates in Amritsar district is 1,684,770 (67.6%), with 932,981 (70.8%) male literates and 751,789 (64.1%) female literates. The effective 7+ literacy of the district is 76.27%. The sex ratio of 889 females for every 1,000 males.[1] The total Scheduled Caste population is 770,864. There were 488898 households in the district in 2011.[1]

According to 2011 census, Sikhs make up about 69% of the population while Hindus 28%, with a small minority of Christians (2%) and Muslims.[3]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901764,821—    
1911657,936−1.49%
1921694,261+0.54%
1931834,497+1.86%
19411,044,457+2.27%
1951880,667−1.69%
19611,010,093+1.38%
19711,209,374+1.82%
19811,460,497+1.90%
19911,698,090+1.52%
20012,157,020+2.42%
20112,490,656+1.45%
source:[6]

Climate[edit]

Amritsar has a semiarid climate, typical of Northwestern India and experiences four seasons primarily: winter season (December to March, when temperatures can drop to −1 °C (30 °F), summer season (April to June) where temperatures can reach 45 °C (113 °F), monsoon season (July to September) and post-monsoon season (October to November). Annual rainfall is about 703.4 millimetres (27.7 in).[7] The lowest recorded temperature is −3.6 °C (25.5 °F), was recorded on 9 December 1996 and the highest temperature, 47.8 °C (118.0 °F), was recorded on 9 June 1995.[8] The official weather station for the city is the civil aerodrome at Rajasansi. Weather records here date back to 15 November 1947.

Climate data for Amritsar Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26.8
(80.2)
32.2
(90.0)
36.2
(97.2)
44.1
(111.4)
47.7
(117.9)
47.8
(118.0)
45.6
(114.1)
40.7
(105.3)
40.6
(105.1)
38.3
(100.9)
34.2
(93.6)
28.5
(83.3)
47.8
(118.0)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 23
(73)
26.1
(79.0)
32
(90)
40.5
(104.9)
44
(111)
44.1
(111.4)
39.8
(103.6)
37.1
(98.8)
36.8
(98.2)
35.5
(95.9)
30.5
(86.9)
24.9
(76.8)
45.2
(113.4)
Average high °C (°F) 18.4
(65.1)
21.7
(71.1)
26.8
(80.2)
34.2
(93.6)
39
(102)
39
(102)
35
(95)
34.2
(93.6)
34.1
(93.4)
32
(90)
27.1
(80.8)
21.1
(70.0)
30.2
(86.4)
Average low °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
6.3
(43.3)
10.9
(51.6)
16.1
(61.0)
21.3
(70.3)
24.3
(75.7)
25.3
(77.5)
24.9
(76.8)
22.1
(71.8)
15.4
(59.7)
8.7
(47.7)
4.1
(39.4)
15.2
(59.4)
Mean minimum °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
1.7
(35.1)
5.6
(42.1)
10.2
(50.4)
15.8
(60.4)
19.6
(67.3)
21.7
(71.1)
21.4
(70.5)
17.8
(64.0)
10.7
(51.3)
4.2
(39.6)
0.1
(32.2)
−1.2
(29.8)
Record low °C (°F) −2.9
(26.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
2
(36)
6.4
(43.5)
9.6
(49.3)
15.6
(60.1)
18.2
(64.8)
18.8
(65.8)
13
(55)
7.3
(45.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
−3.6
(25.5)
−3.6
(25.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 26.2
(1.03)
38.6
(1.52)
38.4
(1.51)
21.4
(0.84)
26.7
(1.05)
61.2
(2.41)
210.1
(8.27)
167.3
(6.59)
77.5
(3.05)
16.1
(0.63)
6.3
(0.25)
13.6
(0.54)
703.4
(27.69)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 2.1 3.3 3.2 2 2.4 3.8 8.6 6.9 3.5 1.1 0.6 1.4 38.9
Average relative humidity (%) 74 70 64 47 38 48 72 77 69 67 73 76 65
Mean monthly sunshine hours 181.7 192.7 219.4 265.0 294.7 269.0 215.5 227.7 240.8 253.2 220.1 182.2 2,762
Source: [9][10]

District administration[edit]

  • The Deputy Commissioner, an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service is in charge of general administration of the district. He is generally a middle-level IAS officer of Punjab Cadre. As the District Magistrate, he also effectively the head of the police force.
  • Administration of departments such as public works, health, education, agriculture, animal husbandry, etc. is headed by district officers who belong to various Punjab state services.
  • The Commissioner of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service is responsible for maintaining law and order in the district. He is assisted by officers of the Punjab Police Service and other Punjab Police officials.
  • The Divisional Forest Officer, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service is responsible for the management of forests and wildlife in the district. He is assisted by officers of the Punjab Forest Service, other Punjab Forest officials, and Punjab Wildlife officials.
  • A Municipal corporation is responsible for the management of public works and health systems in the city of Amritsar. The municipal corporation is a democratic body of councillors and is presided over by the Mayor, who is elected by the councillors. At present, there are more than 70 councillors.

Amritsar District Borders the Pakistani Punjab Districts of Lahore, Kasur, Shiekhupura along the Ravi River Tarn Taran District to the South along Sutlej River, Kapurthala District along the Beas River and Gurdaspur District to the North.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Census of India: Amritsar district". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 5, page 319 -- Imperial Gazetteer of India -- Digital South Asia Library".
  3. ^ a b "C-1 Population By Religious Community Data - Census 2011 - Amritsar district, Punjab". censusindia.gov.in.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551
  6. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  7. ^ "Amritsar Climate Normals 1981-2010" (PDF). Indian Meteorological Department, Pune. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Amritsar Climate Normals 1981-2010" (PDF). Indian Meteorological Department, Pune. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  9. ^ "Amritsar Climate Normals 1981-2010" (PDF). Indian Meteorological Department, Pune. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Amritsar Climate Normals 1971–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 11 January 2014.

External links[edit]