Amsterdam (city), New York
|• Mayor||Michael Cinquanti (D)|
|• City council|
|• Total||6.26 sq mi (16.21 km2)|
|• Land||5.87 sq mi (15.21 km2)|
|• Water||0.39 <!—- Environment —-> sq mi (1.00 km2)|
|Elevation||361 ft (110 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||3,041.21/sq mi (1,174.12/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−05 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0942450|
|Website||City of Amsterdam website|
The City of Amsterdam is surrounded on the north, east, and west sides by the town of Amsterdam. The city developed on both sides of the Mohawk River, with the majority located on the north bank. The Port Jackson area on the south side is also part of the city.
The first Europeans to settle here were Dutch immigrants about 1710. They called the community Veeders Mills and Veedersburgh after Albert Veeder, an early mill owner. After the American Revolutionary War, many settlers came from New England. Anglo-American residents changed the name to Amsterdam in 1803. In 1773, Guy Johnson built Guy Park, a stone Georgian mansion. A Loyalist, he fled to Canada during the Revolution. The mansion has been preserved and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
It was incorporated as a village on April 20, 1830, from a section of the Town of Amsterdam. New charters in 1854, 1865, and 1875 increased the size of the village. In 1885, Amsterdam became a city, which subsequently increased in size by annexation of the former village of Port Jackson on the south side of the Mohawk River; it became the fifth ward of the city.
The completion of the Erie Canal in 1825 was an economic boon to the city, which became an important manufacturing center. It was known for its carpets. In 1865, the population of Amsterdam was 5,135. By 1920, it was 33,524. Through the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it was a destination for immigrants from southern and eastern Europe, who initially worked in the factories.
In 2019, Amsterdam signed the Climate Smart Communities Pledge which makes the city become a climate smart community. The pledge states that Amsterdam acknowledges the existence of climate change, and will complete steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve the health of the community, and mitigate local effects of climate change.
Most of the historic downtown was altered by urban renewal efforts. A few historic buildings and sites mostly from the 19th and 20th centuries remain, including the Amsterdam (46th Separate Company) Armory, Amsterdam City Hall, Gray-Jewett House, Green Hill Cemetery, Greene Mansion, Guy Park, Guy Park Avenue School, Saint Stanislaus Roman Catholic Church Complex, Temple of Israel, United States Post Office, and Vrooman Avenue School, are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Chalmers Knitting Mills was added in 2010.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.3 square miles (16.3 km²), of which, 5.9 square miles (15.4 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²) of it is water. The total area is 5.41% water.
The city developed on both sides of the Mohawk River and Erie Canal. The Chuctanunda River flows into the Mohawk from the north at Amsterdam.
New York State Route 30, a north-south highway called Market Street in part, crosses the Mohawk River to link the main part of Amsterdam to the New York State Thruway. NY-30 also intersects east-west highways New York State Route 5 and New York State Route 67 in the city. New York State Route 5S passes along the south side of the Mohawk River.
Amsterdam is currently within New York's 20th congressional district.
As of the census of 2010, there were 18,620 people, 8,324 households, and 4,721 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,176.4 people per square mile (1,226.4/km²). There were 9,218 housing units at an average density of 1,573 per square mile (607/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.4% White (68.1% Non Hispanic White), 3.8% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander and 3.4% from two or more races. 26.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 8,146 households in the city. The average household size was 2.24. In the city, 25.0% of the people were under the age of 18 and 15.8% were age 65 or older. The median income for a household in the city, based on data from 2007 to 2011, was $38,699.
In the 19th century, the city of Amsterdam was known for carpet, textile, and pearl button manufacturing. It continued to be a center for carpet-making in the 20th century, when the Bigelow-Sanford and Mohawk Mills Carpet companies both were located in Amsterdam, but these companies have relocated to other regions. Amsterdam was also the home of Coleco, makers of the ColecoVision, Cabbage Patch Kids and the Coleco Adam. Founded in 1932 as the Connecticut Leather Company, Coleco went bankrupt in 1988 after a failed attempt to enter the electronics market, and pulled out of Amsterdam, as well as its other North American manufacturing sites.
The enclosed shopping center is named the Amsterdam Riverfront Center. Once filled with clothing shops, the mall complex has been adapted for offices of doctors, public assistance services, community organizations, a radio station WCSS, and an off-track betting site.
In the early 2000s distribution centers began being constructed in the Florida Business Park in the Town of Florida which is located right outside the City of Amsterdam. The park currently holds Target, Hill & Marks, Alpin Haus, and most recent Dollar General. In 2019 Vida Blend broke ground on a new distribution center in the park. These distribution centers provide thousands of jobs to city residents along with residents in other parts of the county.
Places of interest
The Mohawk Valley Gateway Overlook pedestrian bridge spans the Mohawk River and connects the city's Bridge Street downtown area on the south shore and Riverlink Park on the north shore.
Houses of worship
- Calvary Assembly of God (Pentecostal)
- Kingdom Hall Of Jehovah's Witnesses (Jehovah's Witnesses)
- Congregation Sons of Israel (Jewish)
- Covenant Presbyterian Church (Presbyterian)
- Crossroads Community Church (independent)
- Five Buddha Temple (Buddhist)
- First Baptist Church of Amsterdam (Baptist)
- First Reformed Church (Reformed)
- Goddess of Mercy Temple (Buddhist)
- Iglesia de Dios, Torre Fuerte (Hispana Pentecostal)
- Lord of the Harvest Church (Non-denominational)
- Our Lady of Mount Carmel (Catholic)
- Pilgrim Holiness Church
- Salvation Army
- Segunda Sinagoga (Pentocostal)
- Seventh-day Adventist Church
- St. Ann's (Episcopal)
- St. Luke's (Lutheran)
- St. Mary's (Roman Catholic)
- St. Nicholas (Ukrainian Catholic)
- St. Stanislaus (Roman Catholic)
- The Time for Truth
- Trinity Lutheran (Lutheran)
- United Presbyterian Church (Presbyterian)
- William H. Barkley Elementary
- William B. Tecler Arts in Education Magnet School
- Marie Curie Institute of Engineering & Communications
- Raphael J. McNulty Academy for International Studies and Literacy
- Wilbur H. Lynch Literacy Academy
- Amsterdam High School (part of the Greater Amsterdam School District, located in the Town of Amsterdam)
- St. Mary's Institute
Amsterdam's government consists of a city council and a mayor. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. The council consists of five members each elected from wards.
Mayors of Amsterdam
|Kline, Harlan P.||Rep.||1886|
|Dwyer, John F.||1889|
|Waldron, Hicks B.||1890|
|Breedon, William A.||1891–92|
|Nisbet, Charles S.||1893|
|Hannon, George R.||1894|
|Fisher, William A.||1895–96|
|Kaufman, William H.||Rep.||1897|
|Westbrook, Zerah S.||Dem.||1898–99|
|Gardner, William A.||Dem.||1902–03|
|Clark, Robert N.||1904–05|
|Dealy, Jacob H.||Dem.||1906–09|
|Dealy, Jacob H.||1912–13|
|Cline, James R.||1914–17|
|Akin, Theron||Rep., Dem., Soc.||1920–23|
|Salmon, Carl S.||Rep.||1924–29|
|Gardner, William A.||1930–31|
|Brumagin, Robert B.||Rep.||1932–33|
|Lynch, Wilbur H.||Rep.||1944–45|
|Hand, Joseph P.||Dem.||1946–47|
|Deal, Burtiss E.||Rep.||1948–55|
|Martuscello, Frank J.||Rep.||1956–57|
|Gregg, Thomas F.||Dem.||1958–59|
|Martuscello, Frank J.||Rep.||1960–63|
|Breier, Marcus I.||Rep.||1964–67|
|Gomulka, John P.||Dem.||1968–79|
|Duchessi, John M.||Dem.||1996–2003|
|Thane, Ann M.||Dem.||2008–2015|
Notable natives or residents of Amsterdam include:
- Gary Aldrich, FBI agent assigned to the White House under Presidents George H. W. Bush and Clinton; author of a book about the Clinton administration
- Bruce Anderson, Medal of Honor recipient, American Civil War soldier
- Benedict Arnold (1780–1849), United States Congressman from New York
- Felix Joseph Aulisi, New York Supreme Court Justice, Appellate Division
- Josh Beekman, former National Football League offensive guard (Chicago Bears)
- Benjamin Paul Blood, inventor, poet, and philosopher
- Matthias J. Bovee, United States Congressman from New York
- Roger Bowman, professional baseball player
- Lucille Bremer, actress
- Tim Buckley, musician
- Dr. Tom Catena, physician, humanitarian
- Todd Cetnar, played professional basketball in the United Kingdom
- William B. Charles, former US Congressman
- Jessica Collins (Birth name: Jessica Capogna), actress
- Charles Dayan, United States Congressman from New York and former Lieutenant Governor of New York
- Kirk Douglas, actor
- Arlene Fontana, singer and actress, known for her appearances on various prime-time variety shows in the 1960s and early 70s 
- Mary Anne Krupsak, New York State Lieutenant Governor
- H. Edmund Machold, Speaker of the New York State Assembly
- Chris Marcil, television producer, writer, and actor
- George Miles, Michigan Supreme Court justice
- Marilyn Hall Patel, federal judge for United States District Court for the Northern District of California, vacated the conviction of Fred Korematsu of the 1944 Supreme Court ruling in Korematsu v. United States
- Rocco Petrone, Apollo program director
- Todd Pettengill, former professional wrestling show host and announcer for World Wrestling Entertainment.
- David Pietrusza, author, historian
- Homer P. Snyder, former US Congressman
- Vernon Tichenor, Wisconsin State Assemblyman
- Ray Tomlinson, implemented the first person-to-person network email
- Paul Tonko, Congressional Representative from New York, former New York State Assemblyman
- Samuel Wallin, former US Congressman
- Harrison Wilson, Jr., American educator and college basketball coach who served as the second president of Norfolk State University from 1975–1997.
- Ruth Zakarian, Miss New York Teen USA 1983, Miss Teen USA 1983
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2017-08-24. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 30, 2019.
- Hamilton Child, History of Amsterdam, New York; Syracuse, New York 1869 Archived 2013-02-01 at Archive.today
- "Manor That Has Stood for Centuries Teeters in Storm’s Wake" Archived 2016-12-30 at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, September 2, 2011
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 1/10/11 through 1/14/11. National Park Service. 2011-01-21. Archived from the original on 2014-08-18.
- "Amsterdam, New York (NY 12010) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". www.city-data.com. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
- https://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/decennial/[permanent dead link]
- "Amsterdam, New York (city)" Archived 2012-06-18 at the Wayback Machine QuickFacts page from the U.S. Census Bureau's American FacFinder. Accessed: May 21, 2012
- Feder, Barnaby J. "Coleco Fails To Fend Off Chapter 11". nytimes.com. Archived from the original on 16 December 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
- Congregation Sons of Israel Archived October 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-10-20. Retrieved 2014-01-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- First Baptist Church of Amsterdam Archived May 30, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- William H. Barkley Elementary Archived May 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- William B. Tecler Arts in Education Magnet School Archived November 23, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Marie Curie Institute of Engineering & Communications Archived October 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Raphael J. McNulty Academy for International Studies and Literacy Archived September 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Wilbur H. Lynch Literacy Academy Archived December 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Amsterdam High School Archived December 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
- "Ed Sullivan delighted with singer Arlene Fontana". The Daily Gazette. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
- "Arlene Fontana IMDB". Retrieved February 7, 2020.
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