Amsterdam (city), New York

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Location within Montgomery County and the state of New York
Location within Montgomery County and the state of New York
Amsterdam is located in New York
Location in New York
Amsterdam is located in the United States
Amsterdam (the United States)
Amsterdam is located in North America
Amsterdam (North America)
Coordinates: 42°57′N 74°11′W / 42.950°N 74.183°W / 42.950; -74.183Coordinates: 42°57′N 74°11′W / 42.950°N 74.183°W / 42.950; -74.183
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
Incorporated (village)1830
Incorporated (city)1885
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorMichael Cinquanti (D)
 • City council
 • Total6.26 sq mi (16.21 km2)
 • Land5.87 sq mi (15.21 km2)
 • Water0.39 <!—- Environment —-> sq mi (1.00 km2)
361 ft (110 m)
 • Total18,620
 • Estimate 
 • Density3,041.21/sq mi (1,174.12/km2)
Time zoneUTC−05 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)518
FIPS code36-02066
GNIS feature ID0942450
WebsiteCity of Amsterdam website

Amsterdam is a city in Montgomery County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 18,620. The city is named after Amsterdam in the Netherlands.

The City of Amsterdam is surrounded on the north, east, and west sides by the town of Amsterdam. The city developed on both sides of the Mohawk River, with the majority located on the north bank. The Port Jackson area on the south side is also part of the city.


Market Street in 1909
Guy Park c. 1912

The city is within the original, now defunct town of Caughnawaga.[3]

The first Europeans to settle here were Dutch immigrants about 1710. They called the community Veeders Mills and Veedersburgh after Albert Veeder, an early mill owner. After the American Revolutionary War, many settlers came from New England. Anglo-American residents changed the name to Amsterdam in 1803. In 1773, Guy Johnson built Guy Park, a stone Georgian mansion. A Loyalist, he fled to Canada during the Revolution. The mansion has been preserved and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[3]

It was incorporated as a village on April 20, 1830, from a section of the Town of Amsterdam. New charters in 1854, 1865, and 1875 increased the size of the village.[citation needed] In 1885, Amsterdam became a city, which subsequently increased in size by annexation of the former village of Port Jackson on the south side of the Mohawk River; it became the fifth ward of the city.

The completion of the Erie Canal in 1825 was an economic boon to the city, which became an important manufacturing center. It was known for its carpets. In 1865, the population of Amsterdam was 5,135.[3] By 1920, it was 33,524. Through the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it was a destination for immigrants from southern and eastern Europe, who initially worked in the factories.

Amsterdam experienced serious flooding damage in the aftermath of Hurricane Irene in late August 2011. This flooding threatened properties at the river's edge due to erosion and water damage.[4]

Most of the historic downtown was altered by urban renewal efforts. A few historic buildings and sites mostly from the 19th and 20th centuries remain, including the Amsterdam (46th Separate Company) Armory, Amsterdam City Hall, Gray-Jewett House, Green Hill Cemetery, Greene Mansion, Guy Park, Guy Park Avenue School, Saint Stanislaus Roman Catholic Church Complex, Temple of Israel, United States Post Office, and Vrooman Avenue School, are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[5] Chalmers Knitting Mills was added in 2010.[6]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.3 square miles (16.3 km²), of which, 5.9 square miles (15.4 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²) of it is water. The total area is 5.41% water.

The city developed on both sides of the Mohawk River and Erie Canal. The Chuctanunda River flows into the Mohawk from the north at Amsterdam.

New York State Route 30, a north-south highway called Market Street in part, crosses the Mohawk River to link the main part of Amsterdam to the New York State Thruway. NY-30 also intersects east-west highways New York State Route 5 and New York State Route 67 in the city. New York State Route 5S passes along the south side of the Mohawk River.

Amsterdam is currently within New York's 20th congressional district.


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201917,766[2]−4.6%

As of the census[9] of 2010, there were 18,620 people, 8,324 households, and 4,721 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,176.4 people per square mile (1,226.4/km²). There were 9,218 housing units at an average density of 1,573 per square mile (607/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.4% White (68.1% Non Hispanic White), 3.8% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander and 3.4% from two or more races. 26.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,146 households in the city. The average household size was 2.24. In the city, 25.0% of the people were under the age of 18 and 15.8% were age 65 or older.[9] The median income for a household in the city, based on data from 2007 to 2011, was $38,699.[9]


In the 19th century, the city of Amsterdam was known for carpet, textile, and pearl button manufacturing. It continued to be a center for carpet-making in the 20th century, when the Bigelow-Sanford and Mohawk Mills Carpet companies both were located in Amsterdam, but these companies have relocated to other regions. Amsterdam was also the home of Coleco, makers of the ColecoVision, Cabbage Patch Kids and the Coleco Adam. Founded in 1932 as the Connecticut Leather Company, Coleco went bankrupt[10] in 1988 after a failed attempt to enter the electronics market, and pulled out of Amsterdam, as well as its other North American manufacturing sites.

The enclosed shopping center is named the Amsterdam Riverfront Center. Once filled with clothing shops, the mall complex has been adapted for offices of doctors, public assistance services, community organizations, a radio station WCSS, and an off-track betting site.

Media in Amsterdam includes one print newspaper, The Recorder, which is owned by the Schenectady based Daily Gazette[11], an online newspaper, The Mohawk Valley Compass, and two AM radio stations, WVTL and WCSS.

In the early 2000s distribution centers began being constructed in the Florida Business Park in the Town of Florida which is located right outside the City of Amsterdam. The park currently holds Target, Hill & Marks, Alpin Haus, and most recent Dollar General. In 2019 Vida Blend broke ground on a new distribution center in the park. These distribution centers provide thousands of jobs to city residents along with residents in other parts of the county.


Amsterdam is at the convergence of State Routes 5, 30 and 67. The New York State Thruway/Interstate 90 is a little less than a mile to the southwest of the city.

Three Amtrak trains stop at Amsterdam Station in each direction daily:

Places of interest[edit]

Lock Eleven in 1941

Amsterdam's former National Guard Armory, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, has been adapted for use as a bed and breakfast inn called Amsterdam Castle.

Amsterdam's municipal golf course was designed by Robert Trent Jones.

The city is home to the Amsterdam Mohawks baseball team of the Perfect Game Collegiate Baseball League. The team plays at Shuttleworth Park.

The Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame was located in Amsterdam until November 2015, when it relocated to Wichita Falls, Texas.

The Mohawk Valley Gateway Overlook pedestrian bridge spans the Mohawk River and connects the city's Bridge Street downtown area on the south shore and Riverlink Park on the north shore.

Houses of worship[edit]

St. Stanislaus Church, Amsterdam, New York


Public schools[edit]

  • William H. Barkley Elementary[15]
  • William B. Tecler Arts in Education Magnet School[16]
  • Marie Curie Institute of Engineering & Communications[17]
  • Raphael J. McNulty Academy for International Studies and Literacy[18]
  • Wilbur H. Lynch Literacy Academy[19]
  • Amsterdam High School (part of the Greater Amsterdam School District, located in the Town of Amsterdam)[20]

Private schools[edit]

  • St. Mary's Institute


Amsterdam's government consists of a city council and a mayor. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. The council consists of five members each elected from wards.

Mayors of Amsterdam[edit]

Greene Mansion, Amsterdam.
Name party Year(s)
Carmichael, John 1885
Kline, Harlan P. Rep. 1886
Liddle, Thomas 1887–88
Dwyer, John F. 1889
Waldron, Hicks B. 1890
Breedon, William A. 1891–92
Nisbet, Charles S. 1893
Hannon, George R. 1894
Fisher, William A. 1895–96
Kaufman, William H. Rep. 1897
Westbrook, Zerah S. Dem. 1898–99
Wallin, Samuel Rep. 1900–01
Gardner, William A. Dem. 1902–03
Clark, Robert N. 1904–05
Dealy, Jacob H. Dem. 1906–09
Conover, Seely Rep. 1910–11
Dealy, Jacob H. 1912–13
Cline, James R. 1914–17
Conover, Seely Rep. 1918–19
Akin, Theron Rep., Dem., Soc. 1920–23
Salmon, Carl S. Rep. 1924–29
Gardner, William A. 1930–31
Brumagin, Robert B. Rep. 1932–33
Carter, Arthur Dem. 1934–43
Lynch, Wilbur H. Rep. 1944–45
Hand, Joseph P. Dem. 1946–47
Deal, Burtiss E. Rep. 1948–55
Martuscello, Frank J. Rep. 1956–57
Gregg, Thomas F. Dem. 1958–59
Martuscello, Frank J. Rep. 1960–63
Breier, Marcus I. Rep. 1964–67
Gomulka, John P. Dem. 1968–79
Villa, Mario Rep. 1980–87
Parillo, Paul Dem. 1988–91
Villa, Mario Ind. 1992–1995
Duchessi, John M. Dem. 1996–2003
Emanuele, Joseph Rep. 2004–2007
Thane, Ann M. Dem. 2008–2015
Villa, Michael Rep. 2016–2019
Cinquanti, Michael Dem. 2020-Incumbent

Notable people[edit]

Notable natives or residents of Amsterdam include:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2017-08-24. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Hamilton Child, History of Amsterdam, New York; Syracuse, New York 1869 Archived 2013-02-01 at
  4. ^ "Manor That Has Stood for Centuries Teeters in Storm's Wake" Archived 2016-12-30 at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, September 2, 2011
  5. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  6. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 1/10/11 through 1/14/11. National Park Service. 2011-01-21. Archived from the original on 2014-08-18.
  7. ^ "Amsterdam, New York (NY 12010) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  8. ^[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ a b c d "Amsterdam, New York (city)" Archived 2012-06-18 at the Wayback Machine QuickFacts page from the U.S. Census Bureau's American FacFinder. Accessed: May 21, 2012
  10. ^ Feder, Barnaby J. "Coleco Fails To Fend Off Chapter 11". Archived from the original on 16 December 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  11. ^
  12. ^ Congregation Sons of Israel Archived October 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-10-20. Retrieved 2014-01-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ First Baptist Church of Amsterdam Archived May 30, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ William H. Barkley Elementary Archived May 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ William B. Tecler Arts in Education Magnet School Archived November 23, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Marie Curie Institute of Engineering & Communications Archived October 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Raphael J. McNulty Academy for International Studies and Literacy Archived September 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ Wilbur H. Lynch Literacy Academy Archived December 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Amsterdam High School Archived December 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ a b c Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
  22. ^ "Ed Sullivan delighted with singer Arlene Fontana". The Daily Gazette. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
  23. ^ "Arlene Fontana IMDB". Retrieved February 7, 2020.

External links[edit]