Amyl nitrate

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Amyl nitrate
Skeletal formula of pentyl nitrate
Ball-and-stick model of the pentyl nitrate molecule
IUPAC name
pentyl nitrate
Other names
n-amyl nitrate
1-pentyl nitrate
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.012.440
EC Number
  • 213-684-2
UN number 1112
Molar mass 133.147 g·mol−1
Boiling point 104 °C (219 °F; 377 K)
-76.4·10−6 cm3/mol
GHS pictograms GHS02: FlammableGHS07: Harmful
GHS Signal word Warning
H226, H315, H319
P210, P233, P240, P241, P242, P243, P264, P280, P302+352, P303+361+353, P305+351+338, P321, P332+313, P337+313, P362, P370+378, P403+235, P501
Flash point 47.8 °C (118.0 °F; 320.9 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Amyl nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula CH3(CH2)4ONO2. This molecule consists of the 5-carbon amyl group attached to a nitrate functional group.[1] It is the ester of amyl alcohol and nitric acid.


Alkyl nitrates are employed as reagents in organic synthesis.[2] Amyl nitrate is used as an additive in diesel fuel, where it acts as an "ignition improver" by accelerating the ignition of fuel.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ EPA on Pentyl nitrate
  2. ^ Zajac, W. W. Jr. (2001). "1-Nitropropane". Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons. doi:10.1002/047084289X.rn051. ISBN 0471936235.
  3. ^ "Amyl Nitrate | Cameo Chemicals | Noaa". Retrieved 2016-09-22.