An Englishman Abroad
|An Englishman Abroad-|
|Written by||Alan Bennett|
|Directed by||John Schlesinger|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|Running time||60 min.|
|Original network||BBC 1|
|Original release||29 November 1983|
An Englishman Abroad is a 1983 BBC television drama film, based on the true story of a chance meeting of an actress, Coral Browne, with Guy Burgess (Alan Bates), a member of the Cambridge spy ring who spied for the Soviet Union while an officer at MI6. The production was written by Alan Bennett and directed by John Schlesinger; Browne stars as herself.
The film is set is Moscow in 1958, after Burgess had defected to the Soviet Union in 1951 with Donald Maclean when it became apparent that Maclean was about to be investigated by British intelligence. Burgess barges into Browne's dressing room in the interval of a touring Shakespeare Memorial Theatre (which became one of the bases of the Royal Shakespeare Company) production of Hamlet, in which she portrayed Gertrude, and charms her. Later on she is invited to his Moscow flat, finding it with some difficulty, to measure him for a suit that he would like ordered from his London tailor.
Several plot changes were made from the true story told by Browne to Bennett. Burgess in fact threw up in the dressing room of Michael Redgrave, who asked for Browne's help. Redgrave documented the story in his biography which thus suggested Browne had plagiarized at least the early part of her story. The play also contained scenes in Moscow's British Embassy and in London shops where Browne encountered resistance to helping Burgess, none of which happened in reality.
Rather than film in the Soviet Union, Schlesinger used several locations in Scotland. The Caird Hall and Whitehall Theatre in Dundee stood in for the Moscow theatre, and the grand marble staircase of Glasgow City Chambers played the part of the British Embassy. Additional filming was done at Glasgow's St. Andrew's Suspension Bridge ("luckily, in a snowstorm" Bennett later wrote) and the Moss Heights flats in Cardonald, which represented Burgess' Moscow apartment.
Both Browne and Bates were winners of the BAFTA awards for acting for their roles in this production.
Bennett gives the date of Browne's meeting with Burgess as 1958 in the introduction to his Single Spies, which contains the text of An Englishman Abroad in the stage play version and the text of A Question of Attribution about Anthony Blunt.
The play was also adapted for radio on the BBC World Service in 1994 starring Michael Gambon as Burgess and Penelope Wilton as Coral Browne. It was subsequently re-broadcast on BBC Radio 7 and BBC Radio 4 Extra, most recently in 2013 as part of BBC Radio 4 Extra's Cambridge Spies season.
On the BFI TV 100, a list compiled in 2000 by the British Film Institute (BFI), chosen by a poll of industry professionals, to determine what were the greatest British television programmes of any genre ever to have been screened, An Englishman Abroad was listed at no.30 on the list.
- Alan Bates as Guy Burgess
- Coral Browne as herself
- Charles Gray as Michael Redgrave playing Claudius
- Harold Innocent as Rosencrantz
- Vernon Dobtcheff as Guildenstern
- Czeslaw Grocholski as general
- Matthew Sim as boy
- Mark Wing-Davey as Hamlet
- Faina Zinova as hotel receptionist
- Douglas Reith as Toby
- Peter Chelsom as Giles
- Judy Gridley as Tessa
- Bibs Ekkel as scarf man
- Alexei Jawdokimov as Tolya
- Molly Veness as Mrs Burgess
- Denys Hawthorne as tailor
- Roger Hammond as shoe shop assistant
- Charles Lamb as George
- Trevor Baxter as pyjama shop manager
- Cambridge Spies, a 2003 BBC TV play about the Cambridge Ring
- Redgrave, Michael. In My Mind's I: An Actor's Autobiography. Viking Press (1983) ISBN 0-670-14233-6
- Bennett, Alan. Writing Home. Faber Books 1994. ISBN 978-0312422578
- Andrew Young (1 February 1983). "An Englishman Abroad in Glasgow". Glasgow Herald.
- "John Schlesinger - obituary". The Scotsman. 28 July 2003.
- "An Englishman Abroad". BBC Two. British Broadcasting Company. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- "An Englishman Abroad (1983)". BFI Film Forever. British Film Institute. Retrieved 7 August 2014.