An Insider's View of Mormon Origins
|Author||Grant H. Palmer|
An Insider's View of Mormon Origins is a 2002 book about the origins of Mormonism by Grant H. Palmer, a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) who is a retired Church Educational System instructor and Institute director with a master's degree in history.
Palmer's stated purpose in writing the book was to incorporate recent critical historical and scholarly studies of LDS history in an orthodox defense of the faith. He states that his aim is to "increase faith, not diminish it."
Overview of the book
The book concludes that:
- Joseph Smith mistranslated a number of documents including the Book of Abraham and that he used the King James Bible extensively in constructing the Book of Mormon.
- The Book of Mormon is most likely pieced together from sources that have been established to be available to Smith (King James Bible, local revival evangelism, Smith family biography/dreams, American antiquities; he has later also included the War of 1812 and anti-masonic hysteria to that list); therefore the book is not a translation from ancient golden plates. Regardless, these plates were not used and often not even present during dictation to scribes—instead Smith translated by looking into a hat with a stone placed in it, and he was in the earlier stages separated from his scribe by a blanket hung between them (and later used other methods to distance those transcribing).
- DNA evidence demonstrates that the origin of Native Americans is not as claimed in the Book of Mormon.
- The King James Bible is a source for numerous Book of Mormon stories; many of these stories contain anachronisms and King James translators' errors copied in erroneous form into the Book of Mormon. Palmer asks, "Why would God reveal to Joseph Smith a faulty KJV text?"
- Many theological issues addressed in the Book of Mormon probably derived from Smith's Upstate New York religious environment (as opposed to the golden plates he claimed to be translating from).
- There are more parallels between a published story by E.T.A. Hoffmann and Smith's account of the angel Moroni's visits than could possibly be coincidence.
- In spite of the LDS Church's current claims, evidence shows that none of the eleven witnesses claimed to have actually seen the physical gold plates. Instead, they reported visualizing them "with spiritual eyes" in a prayer-induced trance state.
- Smith's claim to have been personally ordained by John the Baptist, Peter, James and John as resurrected beings, was not at all what Smith originally claimed. Instead, this evolved over a number of years from the original claim that didn't involve any beings such as the previously mentioned New Testament figures.
- The LDS Church's official claim that Joseph Smith claimed to have been visited by God the Father and Jesus Christ as two separate beings "is not supported by the historical evidence" either in the number of beings alleged seen or in the year and circumstances as now officially claimed.
Palmer's book suggests that the foundation events were rewritten by Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery and other early church officials. This reworking made the stories more useful for missionary work. Palmer asks, "Is it right to tell religious allegories to adults as if they were literal history?"
LDS response to Palmer's book
Mormon apologists dispute Palmer's claim that his intent is to "increase faith", and instead regard him as a skeptic. Some speculate that Palmer may be a cultural Mormon, whose research has led him to believe that the Church is not entirely what it claims to be.
Palmer argues that "faith needs to be built on truth—what is, in fact, true and believable". This statement can be perceived to be in opposition to the methods used by practitioners of what has been termed "faithful history". Critics of "faithful history" argue that this sort of scholarship often appears to be based on conclusions, not evidence.
Mark Ashurst-McGee, an LDS member, states that Palmer presents only one side of an issue and only uses evidence that supports his own views. According to Ashurst-McGee, Palmer used the Hurlbut affidavits from Eber D. Howe's book Mormonism Unvailed for the purpose of "overlaying run-of-the-mill treasure lore" onto Joseph Smith's original account of the recovery of the golden plates.
Response to LDS criticism of Palmer's book
Responding to five negative reviews of Palmer's book by FARMS (the LDS affiliated Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies), Ron Priddis states: "Is nothing beyond the reach of sarcasm by FARMS polemicists?" Priddis refers to the book reviews by FARMS as "tabloid scholarship."
Church action against Palmer
Palmer was disfellowshipped from the Church in December 2004. Palmer has been quoted as saying that he still loves the church, and is pleased he wasn't excommunicated. A disfellowshipped member retains church membership but loses certain privileges. In 2010, Palmer resigned his membership in the church and did not reinstate it before his death in 2017.
- Palmer 2002, Preface, p. ix
- Ashurst-McGee 2003
- Ashurst-McGee 2003
- Cobabe 2003
- Priddis, Ron. "A Reply to FARMS and the Joseph Fielding Smith Institute". Signature Books. Archived from the original on 2007-01-29. Retrieved 2007-02-01.
- "Author of Controversial Book Disfellowshipped in Hearing". kutv.com. 2004-12-12. Archived from the original on 2007-03-10. Retrieved 2007-02-01.
- Mims, Bob (August 28, 2017). "Grant Palmer, who wrote a landmark insider's critique of Mormonism's beginnings, dies at 77". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
- Allen, James B (2004), "Asked and Answered:A Response to Grant H. Palmer", The FARMS Review, Provo, Utah: Maxwell Institute, 16 (1), retrieved 2007-02-01
- Ashurst-McGee, Mark (2003), "A One-sided View of Mormon Origins", FARMS Review, Provo, Utah: Maxwell Institute, 15 (2): 309–64, retrieved 2007-02-01
- Bitton, Davis (2003), "The Charge of a Man with a Broken Lance (But Look What He Doesn't Tell Us)", FARMS Review, Provo, Utah: Maxwell Institute, 15 (2): 257–72, archived from the original on 2006-12-10, retrieved 2007-02-01
- Cobabe, George E (2003), A Summary of Five Reviews of Grant Palmer's "An Insider's View of Mormon Origins", Foundation for Apologetic Information & Research (FAIR), archived from the original on 23 January 2007, retrieved 2007-02-07.
- Harper, Steven C (2003), "Trustworthy History?", FARMS Review, Provo, Utah: Maxwell Institute, 15 (2): 273–308, archived from the original on 2006-12-09, retrieved 2007-02-01
- Midgley, Louis (2003), "Prying into Palmer", FARMS Review, Provo, Utah: Maxwell Institute, 15 (2), archived from the original on 2006-12-08, retrieved 2007-02-01
- Palmer, Grant H (2002), An Insider's View of Mormon Origins, Salt Lake City, Utah: Signature Books, ISBN 1-56085-157-0, archived from the original on 2002-12-01, retrieved 2007-04-30
- KUTV story on the disfellowship of Grant Palmer
- A review of An Insider's View of Mormon Origins
- A Summary of Five Reviews of Grant Palmer's "An Insider's View of Mormon Origins" of Palmer's book by LDS apologists at F.A.I.R. (Foundation for Apologetic Information and Research)
- A Reply to FARMS and the Joseph Fielding Smith Institute, by Ron Priddis of Signature Books