Anabel Hernández García
|Employer||Reporte Índigo (online) and Processo (magazine)|
|Known for||Investigative journalism|
|Awards||WAN-IFRA's Golden Pen of Freedom (2012), Mexican National Journalism Award (2002)|
Anabel Hernández (born 1971) is a Mexican journalist and author, known for her investigative journalism of Mexican drug trafficking and into the alleged collusion between government officials and drug lords. She has also written about slave labor, sexual exploitation, and abuse of government power. She won the Golden Pen of Freedom Award 2012, which is presented annually by the World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers.
She currently lives in Berkeley, California with her two children and has a fellowship on Investigative Reporting at the University of California, Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism.
In 1993, at 21, Hernández started the newspaper Reforma while still in school. Her first front-page story at Reforma was about electoral fraud in Mexico City. Three years later, Hernández got pregnant with her first child and stopped working there. In 1999, she went to work at the Milenio newspaper. She left Milenio and also from her job at El Universal, allegedly because of indirect government pressure onto the papers to censor her work.
On Dec. 5, 2000, Hernández received a call from her mother telling her that her father hadn't come home the night before. Hernández and family members began the search by first calling on the local hospitals. That afternoon, the family called a radio station to report Mr. Hernández's missing car. Someone called and said they found it, so Anabel's older brother went to the location where the car had been found. Inside the car was one of Mr. Hernández shoes and the car trunk was stained with blood. By that night the Hernández family knew Mr. Hernández was dead. Mr. Hernández's body was eventually found lying on a highway on Tultitlan, a municipality outside of México.
Hernández employs two bodyguards for her protection.
Hernández is a contributing journalist for the online publication Reporte Indigo and the Proceso magazine. She has worked but earlier reported for the national newspapers Reforma, and El Universal and its supplemental magazine La Revista.
Her editorial, "The Perverse Power of Silence", on the importance of a free press in Mexico was included in the 2012 World Press Freedom Day publication. In her editorial, she wrote, "If we remain silent we kill freedom, justice and the possibility that a society armed with information may have the power to change the situation that has brought us to this point."
In 2001, Hernández, while working at Milenio, broke the news story about the "extravagance" with which the winning presidential candidate, Vicente Fox, had decorated his personal accommodation using public funds, while he was campaigning on a ticket of "economic austerity." The newspaper published expense reports of President Vicente Fox's government for the redecoration of presidential cabins. The official investigation led to evidence of overcharges, purchases for which there were no orders, and names and phone numbers of companies who had made charges that no longer existed. In Mexico, the scandal became known as Toallagate [Towelgate]. For her reporting, Hernández won the 2002 Mexican National Journalism Award.
Drug trade exposés
In 2010, after a five year period of research, Hernández published Los Señores del Narco, later also published in English (Narcoland: The Mexican Drug Lords and their Godfathers). The book has sold over 100,000 copies; Hernández says its popularity is an indication of the absence of information about the drug trade in Mexico. Journalists have been killed every year since the drug war began.
According to Hernández, the complicity of the government, police, military, and business and finance sectors makes the power of the drug cartels and their business possible. She has claimed that, under President Fox, the relationship between the cartels and government changed as Fox sided with the Sinaloa cartel by letting Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán escape prison in 2001. Her book details how the Mexican authorities took sides in the drug cartels' infighting.
She has written about the alleged relationship between the Mexican government and United States agents, and the impact it ostensibly has had on the Mexican Drug War, including the beginning of the methamphetamine trade by the Sinaloa cartel.
Hernández has received numerous death threats since writing about the drug cartels and is under protection. She told Narco News Bulletin, "A journalist who has to walk with bodyguards is an embarrassment for any nation. I constantly fear for my health and the health of my family, but the fear only drives me and lets me know that I’m on the right path." She also wrote in a World Press Freedom Day publication in 2012: "Silence is killing men, women and children ... and it is killing journalists. But breaking the silence can also be deadly."
Criticism of the Calderón government
Hernández is the mother of two children.
- Named a Chevalier of the French Legion of Honour, 2017
- Golden Pen of Freedom Award, 2012
- Recognition by UNICEF in 2003
- Mexican National Journalism Award 2002
List of publications
- La familia presidencial: el gobierno del cambio bajo sospecha de corrupción (in Spanish) English translation of title: The Presidential Family. (2005)
- Fin de fiesta en los pinos (Spanish) English translation of title: The End of the Party in Los Pinos. (2006)
- Los Cómplices del Presidente (Spanish) English translation of title: The Presidents Accomplices. (2010)
- Los Señores del Narco (Spanish) English translation of title: Narcoland: The Mexican Drug Lords and their Godfathers. (2010)
- México en Llamas: El legado de Calderón (Spanish) English translation of title: Mexico in Flames: Calderon's legacy. (2013)
- Host: Leonard Lopate (24 September 2013). "The Mexican Druglords and their Godfathers". The Leonard Lopate Show. New York. 35:24 minutes in. National Public Radio. WNYC.
- "'Living in silence is another way to die'". Thenews.com.pk. 2012-09-07. Archived from the original on 2012-09-27. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- Bertrand Marotte (2012-09-03). "Mexican journalist wins global press freedom award". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- Bitrat (2012-03-02). "Anabel Hernández is awarded the 2012 Golden Pen of Freedom Award". wowElle. Archived from the original on 2012-08-25. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- "Anabel Hernández - biography". Wan-Ifra. 2012-03-02. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- Rancano, Vanessa. Why This Mexican Journalist Finally Fled the Country. Cosmopolitan 30 Oct. 2014. Web. 6 Mar. 2016 http://www.cosmopolitan.com/politics/news/a32135/anabel-hernandez/
- José Luis Sierra (2011-08-16). "Author: How the Drug Lords Took Over Mexico". New America Media. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- Legge, James (September 20, 2013). "Attacks on her family, headless animals being sent to her home and several death threats". The Independent (UK). Retrieved 24 September 2013.
- "News | Global call to commemorate World Press Freedom Day | Bizcommunity". M.bizcommunity.com. 2012-04-13. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- Hernández, Anabel (2012-05-03). "The Perverse Power of Silence". Silence kills democracy ... but a free press talks. WAN-IFRA. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- Vullianny, Ed. 'Mexico's war on drug is one big lie . The Guardian. 31 Aug. 2013. Web. 6 Mar. 2016 <http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/sep/01/mexico-drugs-anabel-hernandez-narcoland>
- Thompson, Ginger (2001-06-27). "Pricey Linens Cause a Fray in Mexican Politics". Mexico City (Mexico): NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- del Bosque, Melissa (29 August 2011). "Anabel Hernandez on Mexico's Lost Drug War and Her New Book Narcoland". Texas Observer. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
- "Interview: Anabel Hernandez, author of 'Señores del Narco' - InSight Crime | Organized Crime in the Américas". InSight Crime. 2010-12-14. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- "FR-Interview mit der Autorin Anabel Hernández: An der Seite des Kartells | Kultur - Frankfurter Rundschau" (in German). Fr-online.de. 2011-05-16. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- "Journalist Anabel Hernández Won't Stop Fighting Corruption in Mexico Despite Death Threats". Narco News Bulletin. 2011-05-25. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- Radden, Patrick (2012-06-15). "How a Mexican Drug Cartel Makes Its Billions". Mexico: NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- "Make a free press the "headline for democratic transition"". IFEX. 2012-05-03. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- Amazon.com. Web 6 Mar. 2016. <http://www.amazon.com/M%C3%A9xico-en-llamas-Spanish-Edition/dp/6073112890>
- Interview on the Leonard Lopate radio program, "The Mexican Druglords and their Godfathers" (24 September 2013)