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Anacyclus pyrethrum - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-011.jpg
Anacyclus pyrethrum[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Anthemideae
Genus: Anacyclus
L. (1753)
Type species
Anacyclus valentinus L.[2] IPNI[3]

Cyrtolepis Less.

Anacyclus is a genus of plants in the Asteraceae family described by Linnaeus in 1753.[5][6]

Anacyclus is native to southern and western Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East.[4][7]

The roots of A. pyrethrum are known as pellitory in Europe and akrakara in India. The root is imported mainly from Mediterranean countries. Because of its powerful irritant action the root is considered a stimulant and is often an ingredient of aphrodisiacs and nervous stimulants used in facial palsy, paralysis, hemiplegia, fibromyalgia, etc.[8]

Species[4][9] E+M,[10] UniProt,[11]


  1. ^ 1897 illustration from Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen
  2. ^ "Anacyclus". Index Nominum Genericorum. International Association for Plant Taxonomy. 1996-02-09. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  3. ^ International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI). "Plant Name Search Results" (HTML). International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  4. ^ a b c Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist [permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von in Latin
  6. ^ Tropicos, Anacyclus L.
  7. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Anacyclus includes photos and European distribution maps for several species
  8. ^ Puri, H.S. (2003) Rasayana: Ayurvedic Herbs for Longevity and Rejuvenation. Taylor & Francis, London
  9. ^ "Anacyclus L.". African Plants Database. South African National Biodiversity Institute, the Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and Tela Botanica. Retrieved 2008-06-16. [permanent dead link]
  10. ^ Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem. "Details for: Anacyclus". Euro+Med PlantBase. Freie Universität Berlin. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  11. ^ UniProt. "Anacyclus". Retrieved 2008-06-16. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Anacyclus at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Anacyclus at Wikispecies