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Tufted Tit-Tyrant.jpg
Tufted tit-tyrant (Anairetes parulus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Tyrannidae
Genus: Anairetes
L. Reichenbach, 1850

8, see text

Tit-tyrants in the genus Anairetes are a group of small, mainly Andean, tyrant flycatchers. The group briefly included the genus Uromyias, which had been recognized based on syringial and plumage characters, including a flatter crest and a longer tail, but was included within Anairetes due to genetic analysis.[1][2] Recent analyses suggested splitting into Uromyias again.[3] Anairetes is believed to be most closely related to the genera Mecocerculus and Serpophaga; however, there is no definitive evidence supporting this claim.[4]

They are fairly small birds (11–14 cm) that get their common name from the tit family, due to their energetic tit-like dispositions and appearance, primarily in their crests.[1] Species in this genus live in temperate or arid scrub habitats and are mainly found in the Andes mountains.[1] It is one of only a few genera of small flycatchers that occur at such high altitudes.[5]



  1. ^ a b c del Hoyo 2004, p. 177
  2. ^ Remsen, J. V., Jr., C. D. Cadena, A. Jaramillo, M. Nores, J. F. Pacheco, M. B. Robbins, T. S. Schulenberg, F. G. Stiles, D. F. Stotz, & K. J. Zimmer. 2007. A classification of the bird species of South America. American Ornithologists' Union. Accessed 12 December 2007.
  3. ^ DuBay, S.G., Witt, C.C. 2012. An improved phylogeny of the Andean tit-tyrants (Aves, Tyrannidae): More characters trump sophisticated analyses. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64, 285-296.
  4. ^ del Hoyo 2004, p. 176
  5. ^ del Hoyo 2004, p. 190

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