Anais, Charente

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Anais
Anais Town Hall
Anais Town Hall
Anais is located in France
Anais
Anais
Coordinates: 45°46′30″N 0°12′36″E / 45.775°N 0.210°E / 45.775; 0.210Coordinates: 45°46′30″N 0°12′36″E / 45.775°N 0.210°E / 45.775; 0.210
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Charente
Arrondissement Angoulême
Canton Boixe-et-Manslois
Intercommunality La Boixe
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Éric Giraud-Bernard
Area1 9.87 km2 (3.81 sq mi)
Population (2014)2 587
 • Density 59/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 16011 /16560
Elevation 60–139 m (197–456 ft)
(avg. 75 m or 246 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Anais is a French commune in the Charente department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

Geography[edit]

Location and access[edit]

Anais is located 14 km north of Angoulême. It is crossed from north to south by National Highway N10 from Angoulême to Poitiers which passes 1.5 km west of the town and is a landscaped expressway of four lanes.

Anais is also 4 km west of Jauldes, 6 km south-east of Saint-Amant-de-Boixe - the chief town of the district, 7 km east of Vars, 11 km south of Mansle, and 5 km north-west of Brie.[1]

The commune is traversed from east to west by the D11 road from Chasseneuil to Rouillac via Vars which passes through the village and continues to join the N10 by an interchange on the western border of the commune. The D45 road also goes from the village south to La Chignolle as well as the D113 from Montignac-Charente in the west to Cherves in the east.[2][3]

Anais is 5 km north of Angoulême airport. The nearest train station is that at Angoulême.

Localities and hamlets[edit]

The town has two large hamlets or villages as big as Anais town: Le Breuil d'Anais located to the south-east, and Churet to the south on the old national highway 10 near La Chignolle in Champniers commune.

To the west of the town the area of La Touche has developed due to the interchange on the N10. The commune also has many small hamlets and farms: La Claviere, Puymenier, les Nomblières, Puyfrançais, les Rivauds, Romefort, la Poutardière, etc.[3]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Geology and terrain[edit]

The soil of the town is made up of limestone dating from the Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian). The Argence Valley has alluvium from the Quaternary (gritty clay and Peat).[4][5][6]

The relief of the commune is that of a plateau with an average altitude of 100 m traversed from north to south by a small valley - the Argence Valley - which is a Dry valley starting from Argence and descending to Anais. The highest point in the commune is at an altitude of 139 m and is located on the western boundary at the Vieille Touche (the Puy Delan). The lowest point is at 60 m located along the southerly limit of the Argence at Churet. The town is 80 m above sea level.[3]

Hydrography[edit]

The Argence at Churet

The commune is traversed by the Argence, a tributary of the right bank of the Charente at Balzac. The Argence is formed from two small tributaries: the Ruisseau du Moulin des Rivauds which rises in the east and l'Étang which has its source in the north with the river Argence taking its name downstream of the town. The Fountaine de Maillou at the southern border near Churet also feeds the Argence.[3]

Climate[edit]

As in the southern three-quarters and west of the department, the climate is oceanic Aquitaine.

Toponymy[edit]

Anais is derived from the Latin Annacum or Villa Anni, meaning that the village was built around the property of a rich Gallo-Roman named Annus.[7]

The hamlet of Breuil d'Anais takes its name from the Low Latin brogilum which is of Gallic origin from brogilos, meaning "small wood".[8]

History[edit]

Aerial archaeology has revealed the moat and the foundations of a medieval castle.[9]

Administration[edit]

From 1793 to 1801 Anais was in the canton of Jandes then passed to the Canton of Saint-Amant-de-Boixe.[10][Note 1]

List of Successive Mayors[11]

From To Name Party Position
1977 2014 Jacky Bertrand UMP Professor
2014 2020 Éric Giraud-Bernard

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 565 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 2]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
- 501 530 644 660 0 739 735 738
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
677 669 687 658 637 655 570 509 493
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
459 433 451 385 399 419 430 377 406
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
423 374 420 439 446 466 506 565 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Anais

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Anais and Charente Department in 2009

Anais Anais Charente Charente
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 16.8 23.1 17.3 15.5
15 to 29 Years 16.8 16.8 16.4 14.4
30 to 44 Years 23.7 20.3 19.2 18.5
45 to 59 Years 21.1 20.6 22.2 21.5
60 to 74 Years 15.1 12.6 15.8 16.2
75 to 89 Years 6.1 6.3 8.6 12.3
90 Years+ 0.4 0.3 0.5 1.6

Sources:

Throughout the twentieth century, Anais had a high level of stability in its population but the population has increased significantly since the 1970s.

Economy[edit]

The main area of activity in Anais is at La Touche along the N10 where there is an Intermarché base (with 100-249 employees), trucks, a hotel restaurant, and various companies such as: Aluplast, AMS, Crousti'charente, Inomould, industrial boilermaker Guerin, SOMC and some Wholesalers, materials, tyres, and petroleum products.

In the town is a bakery with another in La Touche where there is a bakery company.

There are trade enterprises such as masonry, a general construction company, a farm, and a garage.

Facilities, services, and local life[edit]

The Post Office

Education[edit]

The school is an RPI between Anais, Aussac-Vadalle, and Tourriers. Anais has a kindergarten and a primary school while Aussac-Vadalle and Tourriers have elementary schools.[12]

Sites and Monuments[edit]

The Church

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This could be a typing error on the Cassini database: should be canton of Jaudes
  2. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Acme Mapper Orthodromic Distances
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ a b c d Géoportail, IGN (French)
  4. ^ Infoterre Visualiser, BRGM website
  5. ^ BRGM map on Géoportail
  6. ^ Paper Notice on Mansle, BRGM, 1984, Infoterre website, consulted on 13 November 2011 (French)
  7. ^ Jean-Marie Cassagne and Stéphane Seguin, Origin of names of towns and villages of Charente, Jean-Michel Bordessoules, 1998, 311 pages, p. 14, ISBN 2-913471-06-4, (French)
  8. ^ Xavier Delamarre, Dictionary of the Gallic language, Paris (éditions errance), 2001, ISBN 978-2-87772-198-1, p. 91. (French)
  9. ^ Jacques Dassié, Aerial Archaeology. Archaeological and Touristic Heritage of Charentes, Alan Sutton, 2001, 176 pages, p. 82 (photo), ISBN 2-84253-607-X (French)
  10. ^ Anais on the Cassini website (French)
  11. ^ List of Mayors of France
  12. ^ Academic Inspectorate of Charente website (French)