Anais Town Hall
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Éric Giraud-Bernard|
|Area1||9.87 km2 (3.81 sq mi)|
|• Density||59/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||16011 /16560|
|Elevation||60–139 m (197–456 ft)
(avg. 75 m or 246 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Facilities, services, and local life
- 8 Sites and Monuments
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes and references
Location and access
Anais is located 14 km north of Angoulême. It is crossed from north to south by National Highway N10 from Angoulême to Poitiers which passes 1.5 km west of the town and is a landscaped expressway of four lanes.
The commune is traversed from east to west by the D11 road from Chasseneuil to Rouillac via Vars which passes through the village and continues to join the N10 by an interchange on the western border of the commune. The D45 road also goes from the village south to La Chignolle as well as the D113 from Montignac-Charente in the west to Cherves in the east.
Anais is 5 km north of Angoulême airport. The nearest train station is that at Angoulême.
Localities and hamlets
The town has two large hamlets or villages as big as Anais town: Le Breuil d'Anais located to the south-east, and Churet to the south on the old national highway 10 near La Chignolle in Champniers commune.
To the west of the town the area of La Touche has developed due to the interchange on the N10. The commune also has many small hamlets and farms: La Claviere, Puymenier, les Nomblières, Puyfrançais, les Rivauds, Romefort, la Poutardière, etc.
Geology and terrain
The relief of the commune is that of a plateau with an average altitude of 100 m traversed from north to south by a small valley - the Argence Valley - which is a Dry valley starting from Argence and descending to Anais. The highest point in the commune is at an altitude of 139 m and is located on the western boundary at the Vieille Touche (the Puy Delan). The lowest point is at 60 m located along the southerly limit of the Argence at Churet. The town is 80 m above sea level.
The commune is traversed by the Argence, a tributary of the right bank of the Charente at Balzac. The Argence is formed from two small tributaries: the Ruisseau du Moulin des Rivauds which rises in the east and l'Étang which has its source in the north with the river Argence taking its name downstream of the town. The Fountaine de Maillou at the southern border near Churet also feeds the Argence.
As in the southern three-quarters and west of the department, the climate is oceanic Aquitaine.
Anais is derived from the Latin Annacum or Villa Anni, meaning that the village was built around the property of a rich Gallo-Roman named Annus.
The hamlet of Breuil d'Anais takes its name from the Low Latin brogilum which is of Gallic origin from brogilos, meaning "small wood".
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
In 2009 the commune had 565 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 2]
Distribution of Age Groups
Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Anais and Charente Department in 2009
|0 to 14 Years||16.8||23.1||17.3||15.5|
|15 to 29 Years||16.8||16.8||16.4||14.4|
|30 to 44 Years||23.7||20.3||19.2||18.5|
|45 to 59 Years||21.1||20.6||22.2||21.5|
|60 to 74 Years||15.1||12.6||15.8||16.2|
|75 to 89 Years||6.1||6.3||8.6||12.3|
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE.
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE.
Throughout the twentieth century, Anais had a high level of stability in its population but the population has increased significantly since the 1970s.
The main area of activity in Anais is at La Touche along the N10 where there is an Intermarché base (with 100-249 employees), trucks, a hotel restaurant, and various companies such as: Aluplast, AMS, Crousti'charente, Inomould, industrial boilermaker Guerin, SOMC and some Wholesalers, materials, tyres, and petroleum products.
In the town is a bakery with another in La Touche where there is a bakery company.
There are trade enterprises such as masonry, a general construction company, a farm, and a garage.
Facilities, services, and local life
Sites and Monuments
- Anais on the National Geographic Institute website (French)
- Anais on Lion1906
- Anais on Google Maps
- Anais on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Anes on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Anais on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- This could be a typing error on the Cassini database: should be canton of Jaudes
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Acme Mapper Orthodromic Distances
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, IGN (French)
- Infoterre Visualiser, BRGM website
- BRGM map on Géoportail
- Paper Notice on Mansle, BRGM, 1984, Infoterre website, consulted on 13 November 2011 (French)
- Jean-Marie Cassagne and Stéphane Seguin, Origin of names of towns and villages of Charente, Jean-Michel Bordessoules, 1998, 311 pages, p. 14, ISBN 2-913471-06-4, (French)
- Xavier Delamarre, Dictionary of the Gallic language, Paris (éditions errance), 2001, ISBN 978-2-87772-198-1, p. 91. (French)
- Jacques Dassié, Aerial Archaeology. Archaeological and Touristic Heritage of Charentes, Alan Sutton, 2001, 176 pages, p. 82 (photo), ISBN 2-84253-607-X (French)
- Anais on the Cassini website (French)
- List of Mayors of France
- Academic Inspectorate of Charente website (French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anais (Charente).|