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Coordinates: 17°41′29″N 83°00′14″E / 17.6913°N 83.0039°E / 17.6913; 83.0039
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Anakapalli Montage Clockwise from Top Left: Rock-cut Buddha Statue at Bojjannakonda, View of Anakaplle Town, Anakapalli railway Station, Streets of Anakapalli, Rail Bridge on Sarada River, View of Satyanarayana Konda
Anakapalli Montage
Clockwise from Top Left: Rock-cut Buddha Statue at Bojjannakonda, View of Anakaplle Town, Anakapalli railway Station, Streets of Anakapalli, Rail Bridge on Sarada River, View of Satyanarayana Konda
Anakapalli is located in Andhra Pradesh
Location in Andhra Pradesh
Coordinates: 17°41′29″N 83°00′14″E / 17.6913°N 83.0039°E / 17.6913; 83.0039
StateAndhra Pradesh
 • TypeMunicipal corporation
 • BodyGreater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation, Visakhapatnam Metropolitan Region Development Authority
 • MLAKonathala Ramakrishna
 • MPC. M. Ramesh
 • Total23.28 km2 (8.99 sq mi)
Elevation29 m (95 ft)
 • Total86,519
 • Density3,700/km2 (9,600/sq mi)
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code08924
Vehicle RegistrationAP31 (Former)
AP39 (from 30 January 2019)[4]
Vidhan Sabha constituencyAnakapalli
Lok Sabha constituencyAnakapalli
Anakapalli Railway station
Anakapalli Municipal Office

Anakapalli (also spelled as Anakapalle) is a residential neighborhood in the city of Visakhapatnam, also the headquarters of Anakapalli district of Andhra Pradesh. In 2015 Anakapalli municipality was merged with the Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation.[5] It falls under zone 7 of GVMC. It contains India's second largest jaggery market.[6]


The town was originally under the rule of the Kalinga Empire (ancient Orissa). Different dynasties ruled this region, including the Chedi Kingdom of Kalinga (Orissa), Eastern Ganga dynasty of Orissa, Gajapati Kingdom of Orissa, Kakatiya, and Qutub Shahi empires. Around 1611, Kakarlapudi Appala Raju Payakarao took over the rule of the region under the Nawab of Golconda, with Anakapalli as his fortified headquarters. The historical saga of Anakapalli begins with the historian Tallapragada, who identified and documented its significance. This was substantiated by the historical evidence found on Bojjana Konda. Additionally, the area was ruled by various dynasties, including the Satavahanas, Vishnukundina, Gajapathi's, Vijayanagara Samrats, and Golkonda Samanta Rajulu.

Its alias names are Aniankapalli, Anekaphalle, Vijaypuri, Veniapalii, Kanakapuri, Bellampatnam, Anakapally, and Anakapalli. It is located by the side of the holy Sarada River.

Anakapalli was an estate in the Visakhapatnam District of the Madras Presidency. Originally belonging to the Rajas of Vijayanagaram, it passed entirely into the hands of the family through an auction purchase in 1802. The estate was subject to a tribute (peshkash) to the government of 2997 peshkash per annum and was later resold by the Raja to Gode Jaggappa. It consists of 16 villages and 17 hamlets and comprises some of the richest land in the district. The annual rental value, along with 5 other attached estates, was 17,609 peshkash. The Anakapalli taluk contains 45 towns and villages and 154 hamlets, all zamindaris (private estate holders) with 27,929 occupied houses and 131,637 inhabitants. According to the 1881 census, the population included 1,30,667 Hindus, 1,367 Muslims, and 3 Christians. The government land revenue, excluding zamindari, was 127 peshkash. The area had a criminal court, and in civil matters, it was under the jurisdiction of the Munsif's Court at Rayavaram.

Anakapalli town, which is located in Anakapalli taluk, Visakhapatnam district, Madras Presidency, lies 20 miles south-west of Visakhapatnam on the Sarada River and the Grand Trunk Road. In 1881, the population of the town was 13,341, with 3,810 houses. The municipal revenue for 1880-81 amounted to about 915 peshkash. Much of the surrounding area historically belonged to the king of Vijayanagara. Recently, it has experienced a growth spurt due to the molasses and small-scale cotton export businesses, serving as an agricultural center.

As the headquarters of the taluk, it houses the regular subordinate courts, a jail dispensary and courts. It is the fourth most populous town in the district.[7]

Buddhist area[edit]

One of the most significant Buddhist sites in Andhra Pradesh, Sankaram is located some 3.5 km away from Anakapalli and 41 km away from Visakhapatnam on the Sabbavaram by-pass road. The name Sankaram derives from the term Sangharama. Sankaram is famous for its many votive stupas, rock-cut caves, brick-built structural edifices, early historic pottery, and Satavahana coins that date back to the 1st century AD. The main stupa here was initially carved out of rock and then covered with bricks.

There you can see a number of images of the Buddha carved on the rock face of the caves. At Lingalametta, there are hundreds of rock-cut monolithic stupas in rows, spread all over the hill. Among other Buddhist attractions here are relic casket, three chaitya halls, votive platforms, stupas, and Vajrayana sculptures. The Vihara was functional for around a millennium and saw the development of the not only Theravada form of Buddhism but also Mahayana and Vajrayana Buddhism. Later Anakapalli went to the estate of Vavilavalasa Inuganty kings and ruled a long time.

Freedom struggle[edit]

First, the roar of independence started at Anakapalli. Before the Sepoy Mutiny, the French were attacked in Anakapalli in 1753. Bassi Dora was arrested at Kasinkota. Many freedom leaders visited Anakapalli like Mahatma Gandhi, who started the movement to boycott foreign goods in Anakapalli.Father of the nation Gandhiji started his speech at Belam market in Anakapalli. The farmers requested Gandhi to name the jaggery market as Gandhi Market.He accepted the request, I have no objection to keep my name if you don't do any bad deeds.After leaders like Gandhi N.G Ranga, CPI's Jaya Prakash Narayan visited, 1 year later Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose also gave speeches at Anakapalli.

During 1944-45, Sri Koribilli Jogarao (Teacher) and Jakkanahalli Sri Ramamurthy (Compounder) participated in the freedom struggle and spoke against the movement and were sent to Rai vellore Jail.

People like Surisetti jaggaya also spent his life in jail for his freedom struggle. Leaders like Villuri Venkata Ramana participated in the freedom struggle and in prominent political leaders also participated.[8]

Anakapalle Town main divisions[edit]

  • Gavarapalem
  • Lakshmi Narayana Nagar
  • Vijayaramaraju peta
  • Laxmi Devi peta
  • Gandhi Nagar
  • Narasinga Rao peta


Anakapalli is located at 17°41′29″N 83°00′14″E / 17.6913°N 83.0039°E / 17.6913; 83.0039, on the banks of River Sarada and at an altitude of 29 m (95 ft).[2] It is spread over an area of 23.28 km2 (8.99 sq mi).[1]


According to Imperial Gazetteer of India,[9] Anakapalli had an area of 297 square miles (770 km2) containing 143 villages.

As of the 2001 Indian census,[10] Anakapalli had a population of 84,523. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Anakapalli has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with 54% of the males and 46% of females literate. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.


Anakapalli Municipality has a history of 120 years. The municipality was started in 1877. Anakapalli became a municipality using the Madras City Development Act. According to the Madras District Municipality Act of 1884, they were decided to have 13 members.The municipality had a directly elected municipal chairman in 1885 and 1897. It became a first grade municipality in 1956. A municipality consisting of 32 wards. This municipality earns an annual revenue of around 1 crore.[8] Later this was merged into G.V.M.C in 2015 of zone-07[11]


Agriculture mainly consists of the production of Rice, Corn, Sugarcane, and all types of vegetables. The chief crop cultivated in this region is sugarcane and Anakapalli is well known for its jaggery market, which is the second-largest in India.[6] Velagapudi Steels own a steel mill near Anakapalli.[12]

Notable people[edit]

Notable temples[edit]

Social Welfare and Clubs[edit]

When we start talking about the welfare of Anakapalli, we should talk about Anakapalli Merchant Association Sri Gauri Granthalayam and Sharada Granthalayam.Anakapalli Rotary Club (1953), Lions Club (1966), Premasamajam (1943), Gouri Yuvajana Seva Gangam (1966), Gouri Seva Sangam (1970). There are clubs like N.T.R. Stadium and Rao Gopal Rao Kala Kshetra and an indoor stadium.[8]


The theaters in this town include shri Satya Theatre, Satyanarayana Theatre, Venkateswara Theatre, Gopala Krishna Theatre, Raja Theatre, Ramachandra Theatre, Parthi Sai Theatre.


National Highway 16, a part of Golden Quadrilateral highway network, bypasses the town.[13] Anakapalli railway station is on Howrah-Chennai mainline. It is under the Vijayawada division of the South Central Railway zone. APSRTC runs the buses all overstate. Vizag city buses run from Maddilapalem, Dwaraka Bus Station, Gajuwaka, Yelamanchili etc.Anakapalli railway station got funds of nearly 27 crores under amrit bharat scheme in 2023.anakapalle mp beesetti venkata satyavathi of ysrcp laid the stone while prime minister inaugarted vitually attended.[14]


  1. ^ a b "District Census Handbook – Visakhapatnam" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 26, 52. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Anakapalli, India". fallingrain.com.
  3. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  4. ^ "New 'AP 39' code to register vehicles in Andhra Pradesh launched". The New Indian Express. Vijayawada. 31 January 2019. Archived from the original on 28 July 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  5. ^ Staff Reporter. "CM okays merger of Anakapalle and Bhimili with GVMC". The Hindu. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  6. ^ a b Madan, Manish (30 March 2015). "Anakapalli jaggery market stares at bitter future – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  7. ^ Hunter, William Wilson (1885). The imperial gazetteer of India. Boston University of Massachusetts. London, Trübner & co.
  8. ^ a b c కడలి అన్నపూర్ణ (2000). అనకాపల్లి గ్రామదేవతలు-ఒక పరిశీలనము.
  9. ^ "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 5, page 334 -- Imperial Gazetteer of India -- Digital South Asia Library".
  10. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  11. ^ "Post merger, Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation to revise Visakhapatnam plan". The Times of India. 29 June 2013. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 16 August 2023.
  12. ^ "Re-rolling steel mill inaugurated". The Hindu Business Line.
  13. ^ "National Highways Development Project Map". National Highways Authority of India. Archived from the original on 22 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  14. ^ "Andhra Pradesh Guv Attends Upgradation of Railway Stations Ceremony".