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Black Wishbone.jpg
fangs of A. atra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Mygalomorphae
Family: Nemesiidae
Genus: Aname
L. Koch, 1873

See text

33 species

The spider genus Aname is endemic to Australia, with one species (A. tasmanica) found only on Tasmania. It contains the black wishbone spider, A. atra.

Spiders in this genus, together with the related and very similar genera Chenistonia and Namea, are called "wishbone spiders", for the shape of their open silk-lined burrow, which has the shape of the letter "Y", with one arm shorter than the other. Only the longer arm reaches the surface. The shorter arm is believed to allow the spider to survive flooding by trapping an air bubble.

While Aname prefers dry open country and occurs throughout much of Australia (though mostly inland), Chenistonia occurs mostly in south and western Australia, and Namea is only known along the east coasts in rain forests.

The lesser wishbone spider (A. distincta) occurs through lowland open forests of the Moreton Valley as far north as Eidsvold and Gayndah, the greater wishbone spider A. pallida from Gladstone along the dry coastal corridors to Cairns.

Bites from Aname are rare, but females of A. inimica (also called "unfriendly" by Aborigines) are reported to have bitten several people, resulting in local pain, redness and soreness.