Anamika (fungus)

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Anamika
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Hymenogastraceae
Genus: Anamika
K.A.Thomas, Peintner, M.M.Moser & Manim.
Type species
Anamika indica
K.A.Thomas, Peintner, M.M.Moser & Manim.
Species

A. angustilamellata
A. indica
A. lactariolens

Anamika is a genus of fungi in the family Hymenogastraceae.[1] Anamika was formerly placed in the family Cortinariaceae, but a molecular phylogenetics study found it to be closely related to Hebeloma, which is in the family Hymenogastraceae.[1][2] Species of Anamika have small basidiocarps with non-hygrophanous caps that are smooth, glabrous and slightly sticky when moist; a pileus margin that is incurved and entire when young and becomes decurved and fissile with age; and a pale brown context. Their lamellae are adnate; their stipes are central, terete, equal or enlarged towards both ends, slightly furfuraceous with a cortina when young, which often leaves inconspicuous annular remnants. Their spore prints are brown. Their spores are amygdaliform to sublimoniform, thick-walled, epitunica strongly developed with cavernous type of ornamentation, with a conspicuous callus and without germ-pore. The edges of their lamellae are sterile with cheilocystidia; pleurocystidia present similar to cheilocystidia. Their hymenophoral trama is regular. Their pileipellis an epicutis, repent thin-walled hyphae with pale bownish incrustation. Their caulocystidia occur in small clusters or scattered. Clamp connections are present in all tissues.[3]

Distribution[edit]

Anamika species are known from India, Thailand, China and Japan.[1] Anamika indica has been recorded from semi-evergreen to evergreen forests in the Western Ghats, Kerala, India.[3] It occurs solitary, gregarious to scattered on soil under Dipterocarpus sp. probably forming ectomycorrhiza.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Yang ZL, Matheny PB, Ge Z-W, Slot JC, Hibbett DS (2005). "New Asian species of the genus Anamika (euagarics, hebelomatoid clade) based on morphology and ribosomal DNA sequences" (PDF). Mycological Research. 109 (11). doi:10.1017/S0953756205003758. 
  2. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CABI. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  3. ^ a b c Mohanan C. (2011). Macrofungi of Kerala. Kerala, India: Kerala Forest Research Institute. p. 597. ISBN 81-85041-73-3. 

External links[edit]